About New Hampshire Map: New Hampshire is a state located in the northeastern part of the United States. It is a coastal state and part of the New England region of the country. It has Vermont to its west, Massachusetts to its south, and is bordered by Maine and the Atlantic Ocean to the east.
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New Hampshire is a state located in the New England region, northeast of the United States. It is the 5th smallest and 9th least populous state, with Concord as the capital and Manchester as its largest city. Also known as "The Granite State" for its extensive granite formation, New Hampshire is also widely known for being the first state to hold national primary elections. The state's motto is "Live free or die," epitomizing its spirit of independence.
The region was inhabited by Algonquian tribes before the first European settlers arrived. In 1620, the Council for New England gave a royal grant to Captain John Mason - governor of Portsmouth, Hampshire, England - and Sir Ferdinando Gorges, which were land rights to the area between the rivers Merrimack and Kennebec. This area was called the Maine province. Mason then sent 2 groups of settlers to the land to create a fishing town.
In 1629, Mason took the area between Merrimack and Piscataqua, and named it New Hampshire, after his England hometown of Hampshire. The region merged with Massachusetts in 1641 to form a coalition, but was separated in 1680 by order of the British king. In 1699, the two regions were again united, and finally separated for good in 1741.
In 1746, Wentworth - the region's governor- and his friends, purchased the rights from Mason. The land eventually became an official state of the United States in 1788.
The New Hampshire region is dominated by the White Mountains. Its highest peak is Mount Washington, which is 6,228' high from sea level. The state is bordered by Massachusetts in the south, Vermont on the west, Maine and the Pacific Ocean on the east, and Canada's Quebec to the north.
The state has 7 different major regions, which are the Great North Woods, the Lakes region, the White Mountains, the seacoast, the Merrimack Valley, the Monadnock region, and the Dartmouth-Lake Sunapee area.
The northern part of the state is made of tree-covered forested lands and the southeast the coastline. New Hampshire has the highest percentage of timberland area in the country, and the shortest ocean coastline of only 18 miles.
The peak of Mount Washington is famous for the place of the world's 2nd highest wind speed ever recorded at 231 miles per hour in 1934.
Several deep and glacier-carved lakes are found across the state, as a result of the latest Ice Age.
New Hampshire has plenty of tourist attractions, with its natural resources the most visited sites. The Mount Washington Auto Road is an experience tourists should not miss, as this 8-mile drive ascending the mountain offers breathtaking views and sights that are unmatched anywhere else in the country.
The Loon Mountain is the most preferred and most visited skiing destination in the state, which is located within the White Mountain National Forest. Another popular skiing destination in the state is the Cranmoore Mountain Resort, located in North Conway, with 200 acres of skiable terrain.
For an experience that brings tourists back in time, the Conway Scenic Railroad is a renovated 1874 historic railway and passenger center, with 3 routes across 35 miles showcasing historic rail routes and offering an old-fashioned railroading experience.
There are 80 public high schools in the state, and 30 private institutions. New Hampshire is also home to Dartmouth College in Hanover - which is a member of the Ivy League schools. Other notable institutions include the Plymouth State University and the University of New Hampshire.
Last Updated : September 11, 2014
Joined the UnionJun 21, 1788
NicknameThe Granite State
Area9,304 sq. mi
Highest pointMount Washington
Lowest pointAtlantic Ocean