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Africa Map

Map of Africa - Click on any Country for its Map and Information

Map of Africa
Africa Map

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Africa Map 2013
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About Africa Map - The map of Africa depicts the various countries of the continent, the international boundaries and neighboring continents. Oceans and seas adjoining Africa are also depicted on the map. The Africa Map is available in different formats.


Africa is home to more than one billion people, and the second largest continent in the world. Africa is considered the ‘cradle of man’ or the birthplace of civilization. Ancient Egypt is thought to be the first literate society. Today Africa is home to diverse and different countries, cultures, and people.

Geography of Africa

Africa covers an area of 11,730,000 square miles, making it the second largest landmass on Earth. It is also the largest landmass in the southern hemisphere on the globe.

Africa comprises of a number of well-known geographic features. The famed Nile is the continent’s longest river measuring 4,258 miles (6,853 km) in length. The river passes through eleven different countries, and is the primary source of water for both Sudan and Egypt.

The source of the Nile River, a topic of much discussion in the 19th century, is the Great Lakes region in central Africa. Among the Great Lakes, is Lake Victoria, which is the second largest freshwater lake in the world. Lake Victoria, which got its name from Queen Victoria of England, covers an area of just under 26,654 square miles (68,000 square kilometers). In 1858, the British explorer John Speke was the first European to document the lake naming it after his Queen.

The highest point in Africa is Mount Kilimanjaro, with a summit of 19,340 feet (5,895 meters) above sea level. Mt. Kilimanjaro is a dormant volcano consisting of three volcanic cones. It was first summited in 1889, by the German climbers Ludwig Purtscheller and Hans Meyer. Kilimanjaro is now a well-traveled route, and a destination for both professional and amateur climbers.

Countries and Cultures of Africa

Africa is made up of 64 different political territories, including 54 sovereign states, and 10 non-sovereign states. Fifty three of the fifty four nations belong to the African Union, the lone exception is Morocco. The most populous country in the Africa is Nigeria, with approximately 188,462,640 people. This is followed by Ethiopia with a population of 99,391,000 people and Egypt with a population of 89,125,000. The least populous country in Africa is the Seychelles, with 97,000 people.

Christianity and Islam are the two dominant religions in Africa. Traditional African religions also play an important role. Islam is the continent’s largest religion, with aproximately 47% of the population being Muslim. Islam in Africa began when disciples of the Prophet Muhammad migrated to Abyssinia (Ethiopia). Christianity is the second most popular religion in Africa, with 40% of the population following the faith. Christianity is strongest in the Sub-Saharan region of Africa

History of Africa


Frequently referred to as the “cradle of civilization,” Africa is the world’s oldest landmass. About 97% of the continent’s land has been virtually the same for the past 300 million years. Between five and ten million years ago, an African hominid called the Australopithecines started to walk upright. This set-in motion a long evolutionary path towards what became approximately 200,000 years ago, the modern Homo Sapiens. Flash forward another 50,000 years, and a group of Homo Sapiens started to move out of North Africa and into the Middle East. While it is estimated that this group may have only contained several dozen people, this was the first migration from the continent, and they would come to populate the planet.

Africa has been home to some of the greatest civilizations in human history. One of the most important was the Kingdom of Sheba. The Kingdom was located in modern-day Yemen. The foundation of the Kingdom of Sheba lay in an ideal location along a key trade route. In the period around 1,000 BC, caravans of traders would undertake journeys from the area around modern-day Oman, to the Mediterranean. As they did so, they passed through Marib, which at that time was an abundant oasis. It was also one of the only two sources of frankincense (aromatic resin). The city of Marib was known throughout the Arab world for its great fortunes.

The people of the Kingdom were known as the Sabeans. They ruled the region between the tenth to the sixth century BC. The Sabean society collapse came after the spice route was changed.

From the 7th century AD onwards, the area around Mozambique to Tanzania was home to a number of highly successful city states. The rulers of these city states were the Swahili Sultans. The people in these city states lived in stone houses and wore robes made of silk.

The Swahili Sultans eventually fell victim to infighting, and ambitious viziers and emirs sought to take power from the ruling family. In a weakened state, the Swahili Sultans were very vulnerable, when in the 16th century they came in contact with the Portuguese. Through force and persuasion, the Portuguese were able to turn the region into vassal states.

The 19th and 20th century was the period known as the “Scramble for Africa.” During this period, the European countries sought to colonize the continent. The involvement of multiple European countries in Africa inevitably lead to conflict.

The French sought to create a continuous region under their rule from the West to East coasts of Africa. This put the French in direct opposition to the English, who wished to build their own empire along a North-South Axis. In 1898, this lead to what is known as the Fashoda Incident. French forces arrived in the Southern Sudan region to claim the area. They were quickly confronted by a much larger force of British troops. The French were forced to withdraw, and eventually an agreement was reached which gave Britain control of Africa, and France the power over Morocco. Until the 1950s, Africa was largely divided and ruled by European powers. In 1951, the decolonization of Africa began with Libya gaining its freedom. This move toward decolonization peaked in 1960 when 17 African nations declared their independence. This is now known as the ‘Year of Africa.’

Popular Attractions in Africa

  1. Table Mountain: Located in South Africa, it is the country's most photographed attraction overlooking the city of Cape Town.
  2. Rwandan rainforest: Take a trip down to the Rwandan rainforests and if you are lucky, you might spot a mountain gorilla.
  3. Victoria Falls: These majestic waterfalls are known as the 'Jewel of Zambia and Zimbabwe.'
  4. Pyramids of Giza: Located in Egypt, the Pyramid of King Cheops were built around 2650 BC. It took 2.5 million blocks of limestone to build this magnificent structure.
  5. Draa Valley: Located in Morocco, the Draa Valley is home to some of the most splendid landscapes.
  6. The Great Sphinx, Egypt: Another ancient masterpiece located in Egypt, the Sphinx is the body of a lion and the head of a human.
  7. Masai Mara National Reserve: Pristine beauty, acres of greenery, and abundant wildlife greet the visitors as they enter the Masai Mara National Reserve, southwest of Kenya. It is home to over 450 species of birds, and also holds one of the highest lion densities in world.
  8. The Serengeti National Park: Located in Tanzania, Serengeti National Park is famous for its annual migration of over 1.5 million white-bearded wildebeest. It is also home to 250,000 zebras and an untold number of Nile crocodile.
  9. Robben Island: located less than 4.5 miles, (7 km) west of the coast of Bloubergstrand, Cape Town, Robben Island is the prison where the former president of South Africa, Nelson Mandela, spent 18 of the 27 captive years of his life.
  10. Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: The tallest peak on the continent, Mount Kilimanjaro encompasses multiple climate zones. A towering adventure for anyone.

Interesting Africa Facts

  1. Africa is the second largest and second most populous continent in the world.
  2. North Africa was formerly known as Ifriqiya, or sunny place.
  3. Before Africa fell prey to colonial rule, some 10,000 different states and autonomous groups comprised the continent.
  4. The Sahara is the largest desert in the world.
  5. Victoria is Africa's largest lake. It is also the largest tropical lake in the world, and the second largest freshwater lake in the world.
  6. The longest river in the world is the Nile River.
  7. Ancient Egypt’s Pharaonic civilization is the oldest literate civilization in the world.
  8. The continent is rich in natural resources, especially coal, petroleum, natural gas, uranium, radium, iron ores, diamond, and gold.
  9. South Africa alone, contributes to around 50% of the manufacturing output of the entire continent.
  10. The continent’s population will more than double, to 2.3 billion people by 2050.
  11. Africa has approximately 30% of the Earth’s remaining mineral resources.
  12. Africa has over 85% of the world’s elephants, and over 99% of the remaining lions.
  13. Africa has over 25% of the world’s bird species. More Africa Facts...

Last Updated on: July 25th, 2017

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