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Continents of the World

Continents Map
World Continents Map

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World Continents Map 2013
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A continent can be defined as as one of the very large landmass on the surface of the earth. Comprising many countries, continents are mainly surrounded by sea. The earth is divided into seven continents; however, there is great variation in the size of all these continents. Asia is the largest continent, followed by Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia. At times, the two continents of Europe and Asia are considered a single continent, Eurasia. The continental landmasses are concentrated more in the Northern Hemisphere than in the Southern Hemisphere in terms of area.

Division of Continents

The Isthmus of Suez connects the continents of Asia and Africa, the Isthmus of Panama joins North and South America. Comparing to the area of landmasses that these isthmuses join, both of those are quite narrow.

No isthmus or sea separates Asia from Europe, which explains reasoning behind the concept of Eurasia, that is Europe and Asia as a single continent. This is one of the six-continent models of the world. This view, held by some geographers, is generally only popular in Russia, some Eastern European countries and Japan.

The continents of North America and South America are usually considered separate continents, though earlier in history, they were viewed as single continents and were known collectively as America. Even today, some countries in South America consider the two to be one continent.

Another theory relating to the division of continents came as the four-continent model. In this model, continents are defined as discrete landmasses. According to the theory Asia, Europe and Africa form a single continent called Afro-Eurasia, and the total number of continents becomes four: Afro-Eurasia, America, Antarctica, and Australia.

Continent Models
7 ContinentsNorth AmericaSouth AmericaAntarcticaAfricaEuropeAsiaAustralia
6 ContinentsNorth AmericaSouth AmericaAntarcticaAfricaEurasiaAustralia
6 ContinentsAmericaAntarcticaAfricaEuropeAsia Australia
5 ContinentsAmericaAntarcticaAfricaEurasiaAustralia
4 ContinentsAmericaAntarcticaAfro-EurasiaAustralia

Continent statistics
ContinentAreaApprox. populationDensity (People per km²)
Asia17.21 million sq mi (44.58 million sq km)4.436 billion86.70
Africa11.73 million sq mi (30.37 million sq km)1.216 billion29.30
North America9.54 million sq mi (24.71 million sq km)579 million21.0
South America6.888 million sq mi (17.84 million sq km)422.5 million20.8
Antarctica5.405 million sq mi (14 million sq km)5,000 temporary residents0.00007
Europe3.931 million sq mi (10.18 million sq km)743.1 million69.7
Australia and Oceania3.292 million sq mi (8.526 million sq km)41,050,6993.6

Oceans in the World
RankOceanRemark
1Pacific OceanSeparates Oceania and Asia from the Americas
2Atlantic OceanSeparates the Eurasia and Africa from Americas
3Indian OceanSpreaded upon southern Asia and separates Africa and Australia
4Southern OceanIt encircles Antarctica, considered an extension of the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans
5Arctic OceanA sea of the Atlantic, which washes upon northern North America & Eurasia and covers much of the Arctic

Variations of Continents
Other continental divisions include supercontinents and subcontinents.

Supercontinents
The term supercontinent is used to describe the landmasses with more than one craton or continental core. The examples are Columbia, Gondwana, Kenorland, Laurasia, Pangaea, and Rodinia. Eurasia is a contemporary example of a supercontinent.

Subcontinents
Some parts of a continent may fall on different tectonic plates from the rest. These are known as subcontinents. The Indian subcontinent and the Arabian Peninsula are some of the best examples of subcontinents.

Submerged Continents
Submerged continents are areas of continental crust that are mostly covered by the sea. One notable example is Zealandia, which is under the sea in New Caledonia and New Zealand.

Microcontinents
There are a number of islands located on sections of continental crust that have drifted away from the main landmass. These are too small to be considered continents, so they are referred to as microcontinents. Madagascar is the largest example of microcontinent.

Asia

Map of Asia
Asia Map
The first thing that you would notice on a world continent map is the Asia. It is the largest and most populous continent in the world. Situated in the eastern and northern hemispheres, Asia has an overall area of 44,579,000 sq. km. (that constitute 8.6% of the total surface area of the earth) and a population of almost 4 billion people (60% of the human population of the world).

Following is some useful information about Asia:
Area17.21 million sq mi (44.58 million sq km)
Population4.436 billion
Pop. density226/sq mi (89/km²)
Countries47 (List of Asian Countries)
Time ZonesUTC+2 to UTC+12

Africa


Africa Map
Africa Map
The second largest continent that you would find in a world continent map is the Africa. It is also the second most populous continent in the world after Asia. The continent is bordered by the Red Sea and the Suez Canal to the northeast, Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Indian Ocean to the southeast. Africa has 53 countries excluding the disputed territory in the Western Sahara. It also has a number of island groups.

Following is some of the useful information about Africa :
Area11.73 million sq mi (30.37 million sq km)
Population1.216 billion
Pop. densityabout 80/sq mi (30.51/km²)
Countries53 (List of African Countries)
Time ZonesUTC-1 to UTC+4

North America

North America Map
About North America
North America is located in the northern and western hemisphere of the earth. Surrounded by the North Atlantic Ocean on the east, the Arctic Ocean on the north, the North Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Caribbean Sea and the South America on the southeast, North America is the third largest continent after Asia and Africa with an overall area of about 24,709,000 sq. km.

Following are some of the useful information on North America :
Area9.54 million sq mi (24.71 million sq km)
Population579 million
Pop. density59.3/sq mi (22.9/km²)
Countries23 (List of Countries in North America)
Time ZonesUTC-10 to UTC

South America Map
About South America

South America

The fourth-largest continent in the world, South America is located in the Western Hemisphere and in the Southern Hemisphere. A small part of the continent is also located in the Northern Hemisphere.

Following are some of the useful information on South America:
Area6.888 million sq mi (17.84 million sq km)
Population422.5 million
Pop. density55.4 per sq mi (21.4 per km²)
Countries13
Time ZonesUTC-2 to UTC-5

Antarctica Map
About Antarctica

Antarctica

Spread over an area of 5,400,000 square miles, Antarctica is the fifth largest continent in the world. Antarctica is the southernmost continent of the earth. The continent, which is located in the Antarctic region of the Southern Hemisphere, is surrounded by the Southern Ocean. It is the driest, windiest, as well as the coldest continent.
Area (Overall)5.405 million sq mi (14 million sq km)
(ice-free)280,000 km² (100,000 sq mi)
(ice-covered)13,720,000 km² (5,300,000 sq mi)

Map of Europe
About Europe

Europe

Europe is the second smallest continent in the world in terms of surface area with an area of 10,180,000 sq. km. However it is the third most populous continent with an estimated population of around 731,000,000.

Following are some useful information on Europe:
Area3.931 million sq mi (10.18 million sq km)
Population743.1 million
Pop. density181/sq mi (70/km²)
Countries50 (List of European Countries)
Time ZonesUTC to UTC+5

Australia & Oceania
Australia & Oceania

Australia & Oceania

It is the smallest continent in the world. According to one theory, the continent Australia only includes the Australian mainland, not the nearby islands like New Guinea or Tasmania. However, another theory says, those islands have to be included into the continent as they share the same geological landmass.

Following are some useful information on Australia:
Area3.292 million sq mi (8.526 million sq km)
Population41,050,699
Pop. density3.7/km²
CountriesAustralia, Papua New Guinea, and portions of  Indonesia
Time ZonesGMT+10, GMT+9.30, GMT+8

For a better understanding of each continent, refer to the various world continent maps that have been designed by Mapsofworld.com.

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Antarctica North America South America Africa Europe Asia Australia and Oceania North America Australia and Oceania Antarctica