US States Map

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The United States abbreviations map shows each of the 50 states and their borders. Click any state on the map to view more about that state.

About 50 States of US

The United States of America can be found between the countries of Canada and Mexico on the map of the Northern Hemisphere. There are 50 states in all, forty-eight of which are connected within the mainland. The two other states are Alaska, connected to the mainland in the north; and Hawaii, a group of islands in the South Pacific seas. The capital of the US is the federal district of Washington DC.

The US is under one President, the head of its federal government, while each of the states is also governed by its state-level government.

About 50 States of US Abbreviations Map

To make for a more efficient system of learning about the United States, here is a map of all 50 states, with the abbreviations of the state name displayed prominently. Knowing the abbreviations of each is also vital for sending and receiving mail and packages from anywhere in the US, or even in the world.

The Geography of the US

As you will see on any of the maps available, the United States’ mainland is surrounded by three bodies of water—the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast. To the north and south are two other countries—Canada (north) and Mexico (south).

This mainland is also known as the contiguous or continental United States, with forty-eight states connected to each other. Hawaii’s islands are surrounded by the Pacific Ocean. And while Alaska also shares a border with Canada, it is not considered to be part of the contiguous United States.


Indigenous people inhabited the United States for centuries. 1492 was when Christopher Columbus arrived, but European travelers did not establish settlements in the US until the 1600s. When settlers from Great Britain lived in thirteen colonies along the Atlantic coast, settlers from Spain began living in smaller areas in Florida and the southwest. The French began communities by the Mississippi River and the Gulf Coast.

Disputes, mostly over taxes, began to cause the colonists in the thirteen states to rebel against the King of England in the late 1800s, which led to the Revolutionary War. And in 1776 the United States declared itself to be a new and independent nation.

Important state songs

Each of the states of the US has its own symbols that represent the state, and one enduring and endearing symbol is the state song. Who can forget John Denver’s “Rocky Mountain High,” the state song of Colorado; or “Yankee Doodle,” which happens to be Connecticut’s state song? Georgia has beautiful “Georgia On My Mind,” Kansas has “Home on the Range” and Louisiana has “You Are My Sunshine.” Some states have more than one state song, in fact. Tennessee has ten, the biggest number of all the states, and arguably the best one is the “Tennessee Waltz.”

Two-letter State Abbreviations

As mentioned earlier, each state was given an abbreviation for postal purposes—folks want to make sure that what they order online really does get to them! And if you’ll notice, the abbreviations are not always intuitive—this wasn’t possible because there are eight states that start with the letters M and N, and so abbreviations had to be assigned (and memorized!) to prevent duplication and confusion. Perhaps the most famous of the abbreviations is NY, popularized by the “I heart NY” logo in New York. But, we have to say, as popular abbreviations for states’ names go, CA, for California, and TX, for Texas, cannot be far behind.

Interesting State Facts

Did you know that the typewriter was invented in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in 1867? Or that you can find the Mammoth-Flint Cave system, the largest underground cave in the world at 300 miles, in Kentucky? And that Coca-Cola was first bottled in Vicksburg, Mississippi in 1894, and that the world’s smallest park is in Oregon, especially made for snail races and leprechauns on St. Patrick’s Day? Each state has its own story to tell, full of fun and interesting facts.

Most Prominent Places to Visit

Where do we begin? The US is full of wonderful places to visit, but let’s start with the Grand Canyon, with its fantastic views. Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming, with its famous geysers and springs, can’t be missed either. Or, for that matter, Yosemite Park’s half dome and Glacier Park in California. If you love the arts, New York is the place for you. History buffs should visit Washington DC. And those who love city life can go to San Francisco. There are also the beautiful beaches of Hawaii, cruises to Alaska—so many things to see and enjoy in all 50 states of good old USA!


List of 50 US States with Abbreviations

StateAbbreviationState SongAdmission to UnionTime Zone
AlabamaAL"Alabama"December 14, 1819 (22nd)Central Standard Time (CST)
AlaskaAK"Alaska's Flag"January 3, 1959 (49th)Alaska Standard Time (AKST) Aleutian Islands Hawaii-Aleutian Standard Time (HST)
ArizonaAZ"Arizona"February 14, 1912 (48th)Mountain Standard Time (MST) The Navajo Nation uses Daylight Saving Time (DST), the rest of the state does not
ArkansasAR"Oh, Arkansas"June 15, 1836 (25th)Central Standard Time (CST)
CaliforniaCA"I Love You, California"September 9, 1850 (31st) Pacific Standard Time (PST)
ColoradoCO"Where the Columbines Grow"August 1, 1876 (38th)Mountain Standard Time (MST)
ConnecticutCT"Yankee Doodle"January 9, 1788 (5th) Eastern Standard Time (EST)
DelawareDE"Our Delaware"December 7, 1787 (1st)Eastern Standard Time (EST)
FloridaFL"Old Folks at Home (Swanee Ribber)"March 3, 1845 (27th)Most of the state: Eastern Standard Time (EST) West of the Apalachicola River: Central Standard Time (CST)
GeorgiaGA"Georgia on My Mind"January 2, 1788 (4th)Eastern Standard Time (EST)
HawaiiHI"Hawaiʻi Ponoʻī"August 21, 1959 (50th)Hawaii-Aleutian Standard Time (HST) Hawaii does not use Daylight Saving Time (DST)
IdahoID"Here We Have Idaho"July 3, 1891 (43rd)Most of the state: Mountain Standard Time (MST) North of the Salmon River: Pacific Standard Time (PST)
IllinoisIL"Illinois"December 3, 1818 (21st)Central Standard Time (CST)
IndianaIN"On the Banks of the Wabash, Far Away"December 11, 1816 (19th)Most of the state: Eastern Standard Time (EST) Northwest and southwest corners: Central Standard Time (CST)
IowaIA"The Song of Iowa"December 28, 1846 (29th)Central Standard Time (CST)
KansasKS"Home on the Range"January 29, 1861 (34th)Most of the state: Central Standard Time (CST) Greeley, Hamilton, Sherman and Wallace counties: Mountain Standard Time (MST)
KentuckyKYState song: "My Old Kentucky Home"June 1, 1792 (15th)Western half of the state: Central Standard Time (CST) Eastern half of the state: Eastern Standard Time (EST)
LouisianaLA"You Are My Sunshine"April 30, 1812 (18th)Central Standard Time (CST)
MaineME"State of Maine Song"March 15, 1820 (23rd)Eastern Standard Time (EST)
MarylandMD"Maryland, My Maryland"April 28, 1788 (7th)Eastern Standard Time (EST)
MassachusettsMAState anthem: "All Hail to Massachusetts" State folk song: "Massachusetts"February 6, 1788 (6th)Eastern Standard Time (EST)
MichiganMI"My Michigan"January 26, 1837 (26th)Most of the state: Eastern Standard Time (EST) Counties that share a border with Wisconsin: Central Standard Time (CST)
MinnesotaMN"Hail! Minnesota"May 11, 1858 (32nd)Central Standard Time (CST)
MississippiMS"Go, Mississippi"December 10, 1817 (20th)Central Standard Time (CST)
MissouriMO"Missouri Waltz"August 10, 1821 (24th) Central Standard Time (CST)
MontanaMT"Montana"November 8, 1889 (41st) Mountain Standard Time (MST)
NebraskaNE"Beautiful Nebraska"March 1, 1867 (37th) Most of the state: Central Standard Time (CST) Western part of the state: Mountain Standard Time (MST)
NevadaNV"Home Means Nevada"October 31, 1864 (36th) Most of the state: Pacific Standard Time (PST) 2 small towns, Jackpot and West Wendover: Mountain Standard Time (MST)
New HampshireNH"Old New Hampshire" "Live Free or Die"June 21, 1788 (9th) Eastern Standard Time (EST)
New JerseyNJNADecember 18, 1787 (3rd) Eastern Standard Time (EST)
New MexicoNM"O Fair New Mexico"January 6, 1912 (47th) Mountain Standard Time (MST)
New YorkNY"I Love New York"July 26, 1788 (11th) Eastern Standard Time (EST)
North CarolinaNC"The Old North State"November 21, 1789 (12th) Eastern Standard Time (EST)
North DakotaND"North Dakota Hymn"November 2, 1889 (39th) Most of the state: Central Standard Time (CST) Southwestern part of the state: Mountain Standard Time (MST)
OhioOH"Beautiful Ohio"March 1, 1803 (17th) declared retroactively on August 7, 1953Eastern Standard Time (EST)
OklahomaOK "Oklahoma" / Official state folk song: "Oklahoma Hills"November 16, 1907 (46th)Central Standard Time (CST)
OregonOR"Oregon, My Oregon"February 14, 1859 (33rd)Most of the state: Pacific Standard Time (PST) Part of Malheur County: Mountain Standard Time (MST)
PennsylvaniaPA"Pennsylvania" December 12, 1787 (2nd)Eastern Standard Time (EST)
Rhode IslandRI"Rhode Island, It's for Me"May 29, 1790 (13th)Eastern Standard Time (EST)
South CarolinaSC"South Carolina on My Mind"May 23, 1788 (8th)Eastern Standard Time (EST)
South DakotaSD"Hail, South Dakota!"November 2, 1889 (40th)Eastern half of the state: Central Standard Time (CST) Western half of the state: Mountain Standard Time (MST)
TennesseeTNMy Homeland, Tennessee June 1, 1796 (16th)West Tennessee: Central Standard Time (CST) Middle Tennessee, plus Marion County: Central Standard Time (CST) East Tennessee, except Marion County: Eastern Standard Time (EST)
TexasTX"Texas, Our Texas"December 29, 1845 (28th)Most of the state: Central Standard Time (CST) El Paso and Hudspeth counties and part of Culberson County: Mountain Standard Time (MST)
UtahUT"Utah, We Love Thee"January 4, 1896 (45th)Mountain Standard Time (MST)
VermontVT"These Green Mountains"March 4, 1791 (14th)Eastern Standard Time (EST)
VirginiaVA"Our Great Virginia"June 25, 1788 (10th)Eastern Standard Time (EST)
WashingtonWA"Washington, My Home"November 11, 1889 (42nd) Pacific Standard Time (PST)
Washington, D.C.(DC)DC  Eastern Standard Time (EST)
West VirginiaWV"The West Virginia Hills" "This Is My West Virginia" "West Virginia, My Home Sweet Home"June 20, 1863 (35th)Eastern Standard Time (EST)
WisconsinWI "On, Wisconsin!"May 29, 1848 (30th)Central Standard Time (CST)
WyomingWY"Wyoming"July 10, 1890 (44th)Mountain Standard Time (MST)

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