About Map : The map of Tennessee represents the outline of the state, its bordering regions, and focuses on the interstate highways, the major cities, the railways, and the major rivers and lakes.
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Present day Tennessee was first inhabited by Paleo-Indians around 12, 000 years ago followed by the people from the Archaic culture, the Woodland culture, and the Mississippian culture. The first expedition into the region was undertaken by the Spanish explorer,
British’s first settlement was established in 1756 by people from South Carolina, near what is today known as Vonore. Soon English fur traders and long hunters arrived. Following the French and Indian Wars in the year 1763, Great Britain acquired the area. The Virginians along with the North Carolinians established the first permanent settlement around the year 1769 at Watauga River Valley on E Tennessee. They together formed the Watauga Association, their first attempt at forming a government in Tennessee.
During the American Revolution, John Sevier, a Tennessean played a significant role. Three counties belonging to the Washington District broke away from North Carolina in the year 1784 and created the State of Franklin under Sevier. When efforts to achieve admission into the Union went in vain, the counties became part of North Carolina in the year 1789. In the year 1790, North Carolina surrendered the region to the federal government that created the Territory of the United States South of the River Ohio or what is also commonly known as Southwest Territory. William Blount was made the governor. On 1 June 1796, Tennessee was granted into the Union as a slave state and Knoxville was made its capital. It became the first state to be created from a territory, which was under the authority of the United States Federal Government. In the Civil War, Tennessee played a vital role and was the deadliest battleground. Though Tennessee was part of the Confederacy during the period of the Civil War, yet there prevailed pro-Union sentiment in the state. Today, Tennessee has boomed into an industrial zone where large mass of people live in urban areas. The state has made a name for itself in the production of marble, pyrite, ball clay or zinc along with the production of textiles, electrical machinery, leather goods, chemicals, furniture, etc. The state leads in the production of tobacco and soybean.
Tennessee is surrounded by eight states. To the east, there is North Carolina, Missouri and Arkansas to the west, Kentucky and Virginia to the north, Alabama, Georgia, and Mississippi to the south. Tennessee ranks as the 36th largest of all the 50 states in U.S. The state covers a total area of 42,143 square miles. The major rivers of the state are Tennessee River, Mississippi River, Cumberland River while the major lakes are the Kentucky Lake, Norris Lake, Cherokee Lake, etc.
The state’s highest point is Clingman’s Dome located at an altitude of 6,643 feet above the sea level. The lowest point is the Mississippi River, which stands at 178 feet. Tennessee is divided into six major land regions and they comprise of the Blue Ridge, Highland Rim, Gulf Coastal Plain, Appalachian Ridge and Valley Region, Nashville Basin, and Appalachian Plateau.
The average monthly temperature varies from 91.5 degree Fahrenheit to 27.8 degree Fahrenheit. On 29 July and 9 August 1930 at Perryville the state experienced the highest recorded temperature as it soared to 113 degree Fahrenheit. The lowest temperature was recorded at Mountain City on 30 December 1917, when it went down to –32 degree Fahrenheit.
Tennessee’s attractions are spread along the length and breadth of the state. It has a wealth of natural wonders. It is a perfect stage for all those travelers who love natural beauty, music, history, sports, outdoor activities, and recreation. Tennessee is considered the most diverse of all the states as it embodies innumerable features for the ardent travelers. Some of the top places to visit during the stay in Tennessee are :
- Great Smoky Mountains National Park at Eastern Tennessee
- Tennessee Aquarium at Chattanooga
- Country Music Hall of Fame
- Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area at Northeastern Tennessee
- Point Park – Lookout Mountain
- Mud Island River Park
- Sun Studio
- Ruby Falls Caverns at Chattanooga
- Pigeon Forge
Last Updated On : Sept 11, 2014
Joined the UnionJune 1, 1796
NicknameThe Volunteer State
Area42,143 sq miles
Highest PointClingmans Dome
Lowest PointMississippi River at Mississippi border
Time ZoneUTC-5/-4, UTC-6/-5