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The United States of America (US) is a world in itself considering its diversity. Comprises 50 states and a federal district apart from some territories in the Caribbean and the Pacific. Its 48 states form a contiguous landform located in central North America whereas Hawaii is located in the Pacific and Alaska in the northwest part of North America. The USA remains one of the leading nations in the world in terms of economic output and its influence over the world events.

Map of USA - Click on any US State for its Map & Information

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About the US Map :

The United States of America is the world's leading economy with a GDP of $16.77 trillion (2013). The country is also a very significant political and cultural influencer and dominates international relations. The country is now a federal union of 50 states and the federal district, Washington DC. Spanning over an area of 3.79 million square miles, the US is home to an incredible diversity in terms of the landforms, the flora and fauna, the people, and their culture and lifestyles. In the Map of USA you will find the international and state boundaries, country capital, important cities and airports, major roads, rivers and ports, and major points of tourist interest. The Map of USA points out the best-loved tourist attractions such as the Olympic National Park, Golden Gate Bridge, Dinosaur National Monument, Statue of Liberty, and the Kennedy Space Center Visitors Center. The map is also a great guide to spotting the major national parks at a glance - it features the Redwood National Forest, Yosemite National Park, Yellow Stone National Park, and the Everglades National Park.

More US Maps

US Cities Map


History


It is believed that the North American Indian cultures flourished in the U.S.A. as early as 12,000 BC.

In 1492, Christopher Columbus reached the Bahamas. In the 1500s, the Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León landed on the coast of Florida and subsequently, Spain established the first permanent European
colony in North America at Saint Augustine in Florida.

In the 1600s, a small pox epidemic devastated the Native American population and the first slaves were brought from Africa to Jamestown.

In 1700s, Britain gained control of the territories on the east of the Mississippi River; the American Revolution began; the Declaration of Independence was adopted by the Continental Congress; American Independence was acknowledged by Great Britain with the signing of the Treaty of Paris; The Constitution of the United States was ratified; George Washington was elected the first President of the United States and the US Army was established.

In the 1800s, Washington D.C. became the official capital of the U.S.A.; Abraham Lincoln was elected President; the pro-slavery 11 southern states seceded from the Union; the Civil War began; the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed the slaves, was issued; the Civil War ended; the American Constitution was amended to prohibit slavery and the Statue of Liberty was dedicated to the nation.

In the 1900s, the Wright Brothers made their first flight; The U.S.A. acquired the Panama Canal Zone and the Panama Canal opened; the World War I began, The U.S.A. declared war on Germany and joined the war; the US Constitution was amended to give voting rights to women; the stock market crash led to the Great Depression; the Star-Spangled Banner was adopted as the national anthem; World War II began; The U.S.A. dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan; World War II ended and the United Nations was established; the Cold War between America and Soviet Union began and ended; Lt. Col. John Glenn became the first US astronaut to orbit the earth; President John. F. Kenny was assassinated; the Civil Rights Act became a law; the Vietnam War started and ended; Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin Jr. became the first people to walk on the moon; Operation Desert Storm began to drive out the Iraqis from Kuwait.

On September 1, 2001, the World Trade Center and the Pentagon were hit by a hijacked aircraft prompting the U.S.A. to launch operations in Afghanistan to find Osama Bin Laden, the founder of Al-Qaeda, and defeat the Taliban.

In 2008, Barack Obama was elected as the President of the U.S.A.

In 2011, the Occupy Wall Street movement drew the attention of the world on the American financial crises. Nine years after invading Iraq, the US military forces withdrew from the country. In the same year, the US forces finally found and killed Osama bin Laden.

In 2012, Barack Obama was re-elected as the President of the U.S.A.

In September 2014, the US launched air strikes on ISIS strongholds. In October 2014, the US Midterm elections were held.

Significant dates in the history of The U.S.A.


January

1.  January 1, 1863 - The Emancipation Proclamation Takes Effect
2.  January 2, 1959 - The Soviet Union Launches Luna 1
3.  January 2 1920 - Science Fiction Author And Biochemistry Professor Isaac Asimov Is Born
4.  January 3, 1977 - Apple Computer Is Incorporated
5.  January 4, 1847 - Arms Manufacturer Samuel Colt Sells Revolvers to the Texas Rangers
6.  January 5, 1933 - The building Of The Golden Gate Bridge Begins In San Francisco Bay
7.  January 5, 1939 - Amelia Earhart is Declared Dead
8.  January 7, 1999 - US President Bill Clinton's Trial For Impeachment Began In The Senate
9.  January 7, 1943 - Inventor Nikola Tesla Dies in New York
10.  January 8, 1790 - George Washington Delivers the First State of the Union Address
11.  January 11, 1908 - The Grand Canyon National Monument Is Created In Northern Arizona
12.  January 12, 1998 - Human Cloning Is Forbidden In 19 European Nations
13.  January 12, 1863 - Philosopher and Hindu Monk Swami Vivekananda is Born in Kolkata
14.  January 14, 1967 - The Human Be-In, a Prelude to the Summer of Love, Occurs in San Francisco
15.  January 14, 1784 - The Treaty of Paris, Bringing An End To The American War For Independence, Is Ratified By The United States Congress
16.  January 15, 2001 – Wikipedia Goes Online
17.  January 16, 1979 – Shah Of Iran Flees To Egypt, Opening The Door For The Islamic Revolution
18.  January 17, 1706 - American Renaissance Man Benjamin Franklin is Born in Boston
19.  January 19, 1883 - Overhead Wires Are Used For An Electric Lighting System For The First Time, Designed By Thomas Edison For Roselle, New Jersey
20.  January 20, 2009 - Barack Obama Takes the Oath of Office as the First African-American President of the United States
21.  January 21, 1954 - USS Nautilus, the First Nuclear-Powered Submarine, is Christened in Connecticut
22.  January 23, 1973 - President of the United States Richard Nixon announces a peace accord with Vietnam
23.  January 23, 2003 - NASA Loses Contact With Pioneer 10
24.  January 25, 1971 - Charles Manson and His Followers are Convicted of Murder
25.  January 25, 1924 - The first Winter Olympic Games opens in Chamonix, France
26.  January 27, 2006 - Western Union discontinues its 155-year-old telegraph service
27.  January 31, 1950 - President of the United States Harry Truman announces plans for a hydrogen atomic bomb

February

1.    February 1 1960 - The First Sit-In Occurs at a Woolworth’s Counter in Greensboro, North Carolina
2.  February 2, 1653 - New Amsterdam is incorporated by Dutch settlers in New Netherland; 14 years later it would be renamed New York
3.   February 3, 1995 – Discovery takes off on STS - 63, the first space mission to be piloted by a woman
4.  February 4 1789 - George Washington is unanimously elected the first President of the United States by the Electoral College
5.  February 9, 1959 - The First Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Becomes Operational
6.  February 10, 1962 - American Gary Powers, pilot of a downed U-2 spy plane, is exchanged for captured Soviet spy Rudolf Abel
7.   February 12, 1909 - The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is Founded in Baltimore, Maryland
8.  February 14, 1929 – The St. Valentine's Day Massacre occurs in Chicago, Illinois, leaving seven rivals of gangster Al Capone dead
9.   February 14, 1876 - Alexander Graham Bell and Elisha Gray Apply for Patents on the Telephone
10.  February 15, 1946 - ENIAC is Dedicated at the University of Pennsylvania
11.  February 15, 1898 - The USS Maine sinks in the harbor of Havana, Cuba and leads the United States to declare war on Spain
12.  February 17, 1819 - The First Missouri Compromise Passes the United States House of Representatives
13.  February 18, 1954 - The Church of Scientology is established in Los Angeles
14.  February 18, 1930 - Clyde Tombaugh Discovers Pluto
15.  February 19, 1847 - The Donner Party is reached by the first group of rescuers
16.  February 20, 1986 - The Soviet Union launches the Mir space station, which remains in orbit for 15 years
17.  February 21, 1972 - President of the United States Richard Nixon visits China
18.  February 22, 1909 - The Great White Fleet Returns from a Journey Around the World
19.  February 23, 1954 - Dr. Jonas Salk's polio vaccine is administered for the first time
20.  February 24, 1917 - The Zimmermann Telegram is Passed to the United States by British Authorities
21.  February 25, 1986 - The People Power Revolution Forces President Ferdinand Marcos to Flee the Philippines
22.  February 26, 1971 - Secretary General of the United Nations U Thant proclaims the vernal equinox as the Earth Day
23.  February 27, 1940 - Carbon-14 is Discovered by Martin Kamen and Samuel Ruben
24.  February 28, 1935 - William Carothers invents nylon at the DuPont Experimental Station near Wilmington, Delaware

March

1.  March 1, 1692 - The Salem Witch Trials Begin in Massachusetts
2.  March 2, 1965 - Operation Rolling Thunder Begins Over North Vietnam
3.  March 4, 1918 - The First Case of Spanish Flu is Reported at Fort Riley, Kansas
4.  March 5, 1872 - George Westinghouse Patents His Railway Air Brake
5.  March 7, 1965 - Civil Rights Activists Are Beaten by Police in the Bloody Sunday March
6.  March 9, 1916 - Pancho Villa and His Men Attack Columbus, New Mexico
7.  March 11, 1941 - The Lend-Lease Act is Signed into Law
8.  March 13, 1964 - Kitty Genovese is Murdered in Queens, New York
9.  March 14, 1879 - Albert Einstein is Born
10.  March 16, 1926 - Robert Goddard Launches the First Liquid-Fueled Rocket
11.  March 17, 1776 - George Washington Scores a Major Victory at the Siege of Boston
12.  March 20, 1852 - Harriet Beecher Stowe's Novel Uncle Tom's Cabin is Published
13.  March 21, 1980 - President of the United States Jimmy Carter Announces a Boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympic Games in Moscow
14.  March 23, 1857 - The First Otis Elevator is Installed in New York City
15.  March 24, 1874 - Illusionist Harry Houdini is Born in Budapest
16.  March 26, 1979 - The Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty is Signed in Washington, DC

April

1.  April 1, 1826 - Samuel Morey Patents the Internal Combustion Engine
2.  April 4, 1968 - Martin Luther King, Jr. is Assassinated in Memphis
3.  April 8, 1935 - The Works Progress Administration is Formed
4.  April 9, 1945 - Dietrich Bonhoeffer is Hanged at Flossenburg
5.  April 11, 1945 - The United States Army Liberates Buchenwald Concentration Camp
6.  April 12, 1955 - The Polio Vaccine is Declared Safe and Effective
7.  April 13, 1870 - The Metropolitan Museum of Art is Founded in New York City
8.  April 14, 2003 - The Human Genome Project is Completed
9.  April 17, 1961 - The Bay of Pigs Invasion Begins
10.  April 18, 1942 - The Doolittle Raid is Launched from the USS Hornet
11.  April 24, 1990 - The Hubble Space Telescope is Launched
12.  April 25, 1945 - Soldiers from the Soviet Union and United States Meet at the River Elbe
13.  April 27, 1981 - Xerox PARC Introduces the Mouse
14.  April 28, 1906 - Mathematician Kurt Goedel is Born
15.  April 30, 2009 - American Automaker Chrysler Files for Chapter 11 Bankruptcy

May

1.  May 4, 1970 - Students Protesting the Vietnam War are Killed on the Campus of Kent State University
2.  May 7, 1952 - Geoffrey W.A. Dummer Proposes the Integrated Circuit
3.  May 11, 1997 - Deep Blue Defeats Garry Kasparov
4.  May 12, 1935 - The First Alcoholics Anonymous Meeting Occurs in Akron, Ohio
5.  May 14, 1804 CE - William Clark Sets off on the Famous Lewis and Clark Expedition, the "Corps of Discovery"
6.  May 16, 1929 - The First Academy Awards Ceremony is Held
7.  May 17, 1792 - The New York Stock Exchange is Formed
8.  May 19, 2001 - Apple Inc. Opens its First Retail Store
9.  May 20, 1873 - Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis Receive Patent for Blue Jeans
10.  May 24, 1883 - Brooklyn Bridge Opens to Traffic
11.  May 25, 1977 - Star Wars Releases in American Theaters

June

1.  June 2, 1966 - Surveyor 1 the US Space Probe Lands on the Moon
2.  June 3, 2008 - Barack Obama Clinches the Democratic Presidential Nomination
3.  June 15, 1215 – The Signing of the Magna Carta
4.  June 16, 1829 – The Birth of Geronimo
5.  June 21, 1788 CE – New Hampshire Makes the United States Constitution Official
6.  June 27, 1950 CE – US Forces Ordered to Help Push Back North Korean Invasion of South Korea
7.  June 28, 1971 CE – Muhammad Ali Has His Day in the Supreme Court

July

1.  July 2, 1908 CE – Birth of Thurgood Marshall, First African-American Supreme Court Justice
2.  July 4, 1826 CE – Thomas Jefferson and John Adams Die 50 Years After Signing the Declaration of Independence
3.  July 10, 1962 CE – Telstar, the World's First Communications Satellite, launched into Orbit
4.  July 13, 1923 CE – An Icon Rises Over Hollywood
5.  July 14, 1881 CE – Billy the Kid Shot and Killed by Pat Garrett Near Fort Sumner
6.  July 20, 1903 CE – Ford Motor Company Ships its First Car
7.  July 22, 1933 CE – Wiley Post Arrives in New York After Flying Around the Globe Alone
8.  July 31, 1931 CE – WCBS Begins Television Broadcasting in New York City

August

1.  August 4, 1901 CE – Jazz Musician Louis Armstrong Born
2.  August 6, 1991 CE – Tim Berners-Lee Makes the World Wide Web Public
3.  August 11, 1919 CE – Scottish Industrialist and Philanthropist Andrew Carnegie Dies
4.  August 15, 1965 CE – The Beatles Play at Shea
5.  August 16, 1858 CE – Queen Victoria Contacts US President James Buchanan via the Transatlantic Telegraph Cable
6.  August 18, 1774 CE – Meriwether Lewis is Born in Virginia Colony
7.  August 20, 1866 CE – President Andrew Johnson Formally Declares the American Civil War Over
8.  August 21, 1770 CE – James Cook Declares Eastern Australia for Great Britain
9.  August 24, 1909 CE – Concrete is Poured on the Panama Canal
10.  August 27, 1859 CE – The World's First Commercially Successful Oil Well is Drilled
11.  August 29, 2005 CE – Hurricane Katrina Makes Landfall

August

1.  September 4, 1998 CE – Larry Page and Sergey Brin Found Google
2.  September 7, 1927 CE – Philo Farnsworth Creates the First Television Image
3.  September 13, 1956 CE – IBM Introduces the 305 RAMAC, a Computer with the First Disk Drive System
4.  September 15, 1789 CE – American Author James Fenimore Cooper is Born in New Jersey
5.  September 19, 1934 CE – Bruno Hauptmann is Arrested for the Murder of Charles Lindbergh, Jr.
6.  September 25, 1957 CE – The 101st Airborne Division Escorts the Little Rock Nine to School
7.  September 30, 1949 CE – The Berlin Airlift Ends

October

1.  October 3, 1993 CE – The Battle of Mogadishu Leaves 18 American Soldiers Dead
2.  October 7, 1849 CE – Author Edgar Allan Poe Dies in Baltimore, Maryland
3.  October 9, 1888 CE – The Washington Monument Opens to The Public
4.  October 14, 1947 CE – Chuck Yeager Pilots the Bell X-1 Beyond the Speed of Sound
5.  October 16, 1846 CE – William T.G. Morton Demonstrates Surgical Anesthesia
6.  October 17, 1973 CE – OPEC Proclaims an Oil Embargo Against the US for Aiding Israel
7.  October 18, 1931 CE – Inventor Thomas Edison Dies
8.  October 23, 1946 CE – The United Nations General Assembly Convenes in New York for the First Time
9.  October 24, 1929 CE – The Great Depression Begins with the "Black Thursday" Crash
10.  October 26, 1944 CE – The Battle of Leyte Gulf Ends
11.  October 30, 1974 CE – Rumble in the Jungle Between Muhammad Ali and George Foreman Happens in Kinshasa, Zaire

November

1.  November 5, 1831 CE – Nat Turner is Sentenced to Death
2.  November 13, - 1956 CE – The United States Supreme Court Strikes Down Bus Segregation Laws
3.  November 15, 1864 CE – Union General William Tecumseh Sherman Begins His March to the Sea by Burning Atlanta
4.  November 18, 1928 CE – Walt Disney Debuts Steamboat Willie
5.  November 19, 1863 CE – Abraham Lincoln Delivers the Gettysburg Address
6.  November 20, 1945 - The Palace of Justice in Nuremberg Hosts War Crimes Trials for 24 Nazis
7.  November 22, 1963 - President of the United States John F. Kennedy is Assassinated in Dallas, Texas
8.  November 27, 1989 - The Medellin Cartel Brings Down Avianca Flight 203 Over Colombia
9.  November 29, 1929 - Richard Byrd Becomes the First Person to Fly Over the South Pole

December

1.  December 1, 1913 – Ford Motor Company introduces the first moving assembly line
2.  December 1, 1824 - The United States House of Representatives is Forced to Decide the Presidential Election
3.  December 2, 1942 - Enrico Fermi Creates a Self-Sustaining Nuclear Chain Reaction for the Manhattan Project
4.  December 7, 1941 - The Japanese Launch an Early Morning Raid on the United States Navy at Pearl Harbor
5.  December 15, 1939 - Gone with the Wind Premieres in Atlanta
6.  December 19, 1972 - Apollo 17, the Last Manned Mission to the Moon, Returns to Earth
7.  December 20, 1941 - The American Volunteer Group Enters Service Over Kunming, China
8.  December 26, 1846 - The Donner Party is Forced to Face Cannibalism in the Sierra Nevada Mountains
9.  December 30, 1924 - American Astronomer Edwin Hubble Announces the Existence of Other Galaxies

Geography



Location
The United States of America (U.S.A.) is located in North America. It is bound in the north by Canada, in the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, in the south by Mexico, and in the west by the North Pacific Ocean.

Location The geographic coordinates of the country are 38 degrees 00 minutes north and 97 degrees 00 minutes west. While the northernmost point of the country is Point Barrow in Alaska, the southernmost point is Ka Lae in Hawaii. The easternmost point is West Quoddy Head in Maine and Cape Wrangell in Alaska is considered the westernmost point. With the exception of Alaska, the entire country lies between 50 degrees north and 25 degrees north latitude.

The U.S.A. is divided into nine time zones. These are the AST- Atlantic Standard Time (UTC -4), EST-Eastern Stand Time (UTC -5), CST-Central Standard Time (UTC -6), MST-Mountain Standard Time (UTC -7), PST-Pacific Standard Time (UTC -8), AKST-Alaska Standard Time (UTC -9), HAST-Hawaii-Aleutian Standard Time (UTC -10), SST-Samoa Standard Time (UTC -11) and Chamorro Standard Time (UTC+10).

Since 2007, Daylight Saving Time begins for most of the 50 states of the U.S. on the second Sunday of March and reverts to Standard Time on the first Sunday of November each year. With the clock set forward by 1 hour the names of the time zones also change to EDT-Eastern Daylight Time (UTC -4), CDT-Central Daylight Time (UTC -5), MDT-Mountain Daylight Time (UTC -6), PDT-Pacific Daylight Time (UTC -7), AKDT-Alaska Daylight Time (UTC -8), HADT-Hawaii-Aleutian Daylight Time (UTC -9) and SDT-Samoa Daylight Time (UTC -10).

Physiography
The total area of the U.S.A. is 9,826,675 sq. km, making it the third largest country in the world. Of this, the land area is 9,161,966 sq. km while the remaining 664,709 sq. km is covered by water.

The vast geographical extent of the country has many distinct landforms. Extensive plains cover most of the central part and are called the Great Plains. These plains are bound by the high Rocky Mountains in the west and low mountains and hills of the Appalachian Range in the east. Alaska is characterized by rugged mountains and broad river valleys while the islands of Hawaii have volcanic topography. The coastal areas of the country comprise beaches, bays, deltas, marshes, mudflats and swamps.

Mississippi River combines with the Missouri River to form the fourth longest river system in the world. The highest point in the country is Mount McKinley in Alaska, which is 6,194 m high. The lowest point is the Death Valley in California which lies at 86 m below sea level.

Hydrology
The Continental U.S. is crisscrossed by over 800 rivers. The major rivers of the country are the Colorado, Columbia, Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, Rio Grande, Sacramento, San Joaquin, Snake River, and the Yellowstone. The Mississippi-Missouri river system is the longest in the country and drains more than half of the U.S.A.

Of the five great lakes, Lake Superior, Huron, Erie and Ontario are shared by the U.S.A. and Canada and only Michigan lies entirely in the U.S.A. Amongst the other largest lakes in the country are the Great Salt Lake in Utah, Lake Okeechobee in Florida, and Lake Iliamna in Alaska.

Biodiversity
In the U.S.A., more than 200,000 species of life forms are known to have been formally studied and named. However, it is believed that this number may not even be half of the total plants, animals and microbes found in the country. The U.S.A. is considered to have more diverse ecosystems than any other nation in the world and is particularly rich in aquatic life.

Iconic flora of the U.S.A. includes the Prairie grass of the Prairies, the Giant Redwood of California and the Giant Saguaro cacti found in the US deserts. The fauna would include the Grizzly bear, bison, wolf, Prairie dog, rattle snake and alligator.

National Parks
National Parks The U.S.A. has 59 National Parks spread over the 50 states. Some of the most visited national parks in the country are the Great Smoky Mountains in North Carolina and Tennessee; the Grand Canyon in Arizona; Yosemite in California; Yellowstone in Idaho, Montana and Wyoming; Olympic in Washington; Rocky Mountain in Colorado; Grand Teton in Wyoming; Zion in Utah; Cuyahoga Valley in Ohio, and Glacier in Montana.

For more information, please visit USA national parks map.

Climate
The U.S.A. has a large latitudinal extent because of which the temperature varies considerably across the country from north to south. The annual mean temperature ranges from as low as -3 degrees centigrade at Fairbanks in Central Alaska, to about 11 degrees centigrade at Seattle on the western seaboard, New York on the eastern seaboard and Denver on the Great Plains. The mean temperature reaches as high as 24 degrees centigrade at Miami in Florida.

Rainfall in the country reduces from the west to east, i.e., from the Rockies across the Great Plains. However, the central Great Plains or the Mid-West is a meeting ground for cold northerly winds from the Arctic and the humid southerly winds from the Gulf of Mexico making it a tornado prone zone, especially in spring. The high rainfall areas of the country are south-eastern region (Miami 1,400 mm) and the north-western coastal belt (Seattle 940 mm). During late summer and early autumn, high temperatures in the Caribbean and the Gulf of Mexico trigger hurricanes, which bring heavy rain to the Gulf States and sometimes to the entire eastern seaboard.

In general terms, there are four seasons in the U.S. - Spring (April to June), Summer (July to September), Fall (October to December), and Winter (January to March).

Demography



Population
US Population According to the U.S Census Bureau, the population was 320,616, 710 (as on April 2, 2015)

The estimated birthrate as on 2014 was 13.42 births per 1,000 and the death rate 8.15 deaths per 1,000 of population. The infant mortality rate was 6.17 deaths per 1,000 births. The sex ratio is estimated to be 0.97 males per female and the growth rate of the population as per 2014 estimates is 0.77%.

The distribution of population is quite uneven. Majority of the population lives in the coastal areas, while the population density is highest along the eastern and south-western seaboard. However, the population density reduces drastically as one travels inland towards the center of the country.

According to the 2014 estimate, 19% of the population consists of children between 0-14 years, 13.7% of the population is in the early working age between 15-24 years, 39.9% of the population is in the prime working age between 25-54 years, 12.6% of the population is in the mature working age between 55-64 years, and 13.9% of the population is in the elderly age of 65 years and over.

As per the data released by the Bureau of Labor Statistics on December, 2014, 59.2% of the US population comes under the category of working age (16-64 years)

As per the last conducted census, 82.4% of total population in the U.S.A. is classified as urban population while the remaining is classified as rural population.

For more information, please visit US Population page.

Settlements
As per the latest census, the 10 most populated cities of the U.S.A. are New York, New York State; Los Angeles, California; Chicago, Illinois; Houston, Texas; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Phoenix, Arizona; San Antonio, Texas; San Diego, California; Dallas, Texas and San Jose, California.

Social Attributes
The main religion in the U.S.A. is Christianity comprising Protestants, Catholics, and other Christian sects. However, the country also has Mormons, Jews, Buddhists, Hindus and Muslims.

The languages spoken in the U.S.A. are English, Spanish, other Indo-European and Asian languages and Pacific island languages. The country has no official language, but in 28 of the 50 states, English is the official language. In the state of Hawaii, the official language is Hawaiian.

Ethnic groups living in the U.S.A. include Whites, Blacks, Asians, Amerindians, Alaska natives, Hawaiian, and other Pacific island natives.

States and Politics
The country is divided into 50 states and one district. Besides the 50 states, the U.S.A. has 14 dependent areas. Of these, Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Islands, Navassa Island, and Wake Island are unincorporated territories of the U.S.A.; American Samoa (AS) is an unincorporated and unorganized territory of the U.S.A.; Northern Mariana Islands (MP) are a Commonwealth in political union with the U.S.A.; Puerto Rico (PR) is a Commonwealth associated with the U.S.A.; Guam (GU) and Virgin Islands (VI) U.S. are organized, unincorporated territories of the U.S.A.; and the Palmyra Atoll is a privately owned incorporated territory of the U.S.A.

The U.S.A. is a constitution-based federal republic with a strong democratic tradition. The Constitution was adopted on September 17, 1787 and came into effect on March 4, 1789. It has been amended several times since then.

Everyone over 18 years of age is eligible to vote. A college of representatives who are elected directly from each state elect a President and Vice President for a term of four years. The last election was held on November 6, 2012 and the next one is to be held on 8 November, 2016. The chief of state as well as head of government since January 20, 2009 is President Barack H. Obama, while the Vice President is Joseph R. Biden.

Defense
Defense The main branches of the US military are the US Army, the US Navy, including the Marine Corps, the US Air Force, and the US Coast Guard. Expenditure on defense for the year 2015 is likely to be around USD 0.8 trillion, as per the estimates.

US Economy


US Economy The fiscal year in the U.S.A. runs from October 1 to September 30.

As per the 2013 estimate, agriculture contributed 1.1%, industry contributed 19.5%, and the services sector contributed 79.4% to the gross domestic product (GDP) of the country.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1.5% of the labor force in THE U.S.A. is engaged in farming, forestry and fishing; 12.7% in mining, construction and manufacturing; 79.7% in managerial, professional, and technical activities; with the rest being self-employed.

Agricultural products of the country include wheat, corn, other grains, fruits, vegetables, beef, pork, poultry and dairy products, fish and forest products and cotton.

Industries in the U.S.A. are highly diversified and include petroleum, steel, automobiles, aerospace, telecommunications, chemicals, electronics, food processing, consumer goods, lumbering and mining.

Resources


As of January 1, 2014, the demonstrated reserve base (DRB) of coal was estimated as 480 billion short tons. Other natural resources found in the country include copper, lead, molybdenum, phosphates, rare earth elements, uranium, bauxite, gold, iron, mercury, nickel, potash, silver, tungsten, zinc, petroleum, natural gas, and timber.

International Trade


Total exports for the U.S.A as on November 2014 aggregated to USD 196.4 billion. The country mostly exports agricultural products like soybeans, fruit and corn; industrial supplies like organic chemicals; capital goods like transistors, aircraft, motor vehicle parts, computers and telecommunications equipment; and consumer goods like automobiles and medicines. Its main export partners are Canada, Mexico, China, Japan and UK.

Total imports into the U.S.A as on November 2014 aggregated to USD 235.4 billion. The country mostly imports agricultural products; industrial supplies like crude oil; capital goods like computers, telecommunications equipment, motor vehicle parts, office machines and electric power machinery; and consumer goods like automobiles, clothing, medicines, furniture and toys. Its main import partners are China, Canada, Mexico, Japan, and Germany.

Travel and Tourism


Travel and Tourism The U.S.A. is a vast country and there is much for a tourist to visit and experience. As of October 2014, around 6.3 million international visitors traveled to the United States. The most visited cities in the U.S.A. were New York City, New York; Los Angeles, California; Miami, Florida; Orlando, Florida; San Francisco, California; Las Vegas, Nevada; Washington, D.C.; Oahu/Honolulu, Hawaii; Boston, Massachusetts; Chicago, Illinois; San Diego, California; Atlanta, Georgia; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Flagstaff, Arizona; Seattle, Washington; Houston, Texas; Anaheim-Santa Ana, California; Tampa/St. Petersburg, Florida and Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas.

While some of the favorite destinations for domestic American tourists were the U.S. Virgin Islands; Hudson River Valley, New York; Cincinnati, Ohio; Four Corners Region, Southwest U.S.; Culebra, Puerto Rico; California Gold Country; Boulder, Colorado; Hawaii and Yellowstone National Park.

The most visited tourist spots are the Times Square, New York City; the Las Vegas Strip, Nevada; National Mall and Memorial Parks, Washington, D.C.; Faneuil Hall Marketplace, Boston; Disney World's Magic Kingdom and Lake Buena Vista, Florida; Disneyland Park, California; Fisherman's Wharf/Golden Gate National Recreation Area, San Francisco; Niagara Falls, New York; Great Smokey Mountains National Park, Tennessee and North Carolina and Navy Pier, Chicago.

Transport and Communication


Roadways
Roadways According to the CIA Factbook, the U.S.A. has the largest road network in the world with about 6,586,610 km (as of 2012) of roads. The country has a National Highway System (NHS), which consists of roadways that are important for the economy, defense and mobility of the nation. The Eisenhower Interstate System, the Strategic Highway Network, the major Strategic Highway Network Connectors, and the Intermodal Connectors are the main types of highways that together form the NHS.

* For more information, visit USA roadways map

Railroads
Railroads As of 2012, the U.S.A has the largest railway network in the world with 228,218 km of railway tracks. Some of the busiest passenger railway stations in the country are Penn Station, New York City; Union Station, Washington; 30th Street Station, Philadelphia; Union Station, Chicago; Union Station, Los Angeles; South Station, Boston; Sacramento Valley Station, Sacramento; Penn Station, Baltimore; Albany-Rensselaer Station, Rensselaer and Union Station, New Haven.

For more information, visit USA railways map.

Airways
Airways With a total of 19,453 airports (2013 estimate), the U.S.A. has the maximum number of airports in the world. Some of the major US airports based on the volume of passengers are Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, Atlanta; Chicago O'Hare Airport, Chicago; Los Angeles International Airport, Los Angeles; Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, Dallas; Denver International Airport, Denver; John F. Kennedy International Airport, New York; George Bush Intercontinental Airport, Houston; McCarran International Airport, Las Vegas; San Francisco International Airport, San Francisco and Sky Harbor International Airport, Phoenix.

Waterways
With a vast coastline touching two major oceans, the U.S.A. has several passenger and cargo ports. Few important ports of the country are Miami Port, Port Everglades, and Port Canaveral in Florida; Seattle Port in Washington; Port of Long Beach in California; Port of Baton Rouge in Louisiana; Port of Corpus Christi in Texas; Port of Hampton Roads in Virginia and North Carolina; Port of Houston in Texas; Port of Los Angeles in California and also the Port of New York and New Jersey.

Satellites
As of July 2014, the U.S.A. has a total of 512 operating satellites. Of these, 18 are civil satellites, 214 are commercial satellites, 121 are government satellites, and 159 are military satellites.

Telephone/ Mobile Network
Telephone/ Mobile network As of July 2014, the U.S.A. has a total of 512 operating satellites. Of these, 18 are civil satellites, 214 are commercial satellites, 121 are government satellites, and 159 are military satellites.

The international country code for the U.S.A. is +1. As of 2013, there were 305,742,000 mobile cellular connections and 135,127,000 fixed-telephone connections in the country.

Internet
The internet country code for the U.S.A. is '.us' and as per the 2013 data there were 91,342,000 fixed broadband connections in the country.

Human Development Index (HDI)


As per the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the U.S.A was ranked fifth in the world with an HDI of 0.914 in 2013.

Health


The life expectancy at birth is 78.7 years. According to official estimates, the federal government will spend USD 1 .4 trillion on healthcare for the year 2015.

Per Capita National Income


As of 2014, the per capita income of the residents of the United States was USD 54, 678.

Education


The education system of the U.S.A is managed by the government at each level – federal, state, and local – through school districts. Public education is free and available to all students. School attendance is compulsory from the age of five to between 14 and 18, depending on the state. Apart from public schools, private schools and home schools are two other options for schooling in the United States.

Education begins with kindergarten at the age of five, though preschool is an option for those who want their kids to start early. After kindergarten, comes the elementary education that continues from first grade through fifth or sixth grade. Middle school or junior high is typically from sixth or seventh grade through eighth. High school is from ninth grade through twelfth, with graduation at the age 17 or 18.

After completing high school, students can pursue further education and earn an associate's or a bachelor's degree. Institutions of higher education can be public or private. Some of the American colleges and universities consistently rank among the top 20 in the world. Scholarships and financial aid are often available. The United States has a community college system, which offers two-year degrees called associate's degrees. Community colleges receive public funds to make education more affordable. After completing an associate's degree, students at community colleges can then transfer to a four-year college, if desired.

After attaining a bachelor's degree, students move to a graduate school to earn a master's degree, doctorate degree, or other professional degrees.

Literacy


Any person above the age of 15 who can read and write is considered literate. The basic literacy rate is 99%.

Culture



Food
US Food Each of the 50 states has its very own state dish and together they create a unique culinary mosaic of the country. From the savory to the sweet, most American dishes are quite rich and usually come in large helpings.

* For more information, please visit American food page.

Music
Music The diversity in the ethnic composition of population in the U.S.A. is amply reflected in the music genres that have developed across the country like Jazz, Country Music, Rhythm and Blues and Rock. And then there is Swing Music, Rock and Roll, Disco, and Hip-Hop (rap music), which are very much a part of the American pop culture.

Art and Painting
Art and Painting In the colonial period, the European portrait painting influence could be clearly seen on American art and the two famous portrait painters of the period were John Singleton Copley (1738-1815) and Charles Willson Peale (1741-1827). After independence from England, the national pride in the new American nation led artists like John Trumbull (1756-1843) and Gilbert Stuart (1755-1828) to paint the important events of the revolutionary war and other historical paintings. As the nation expanded westwards, the painters and their paintings began to depict the wildlife and natives found in the west. Realism strongly influenced American painters Winslow Homer (1836-1910) and Thomas Eakins (1844-1916). In the 20th century, a group of painters known as 'The Eight' gave America its first modern art. The abstract art was made famous by painters like Max Weber (1881-1961), Georgia O'keeffe (1887-1986) and Jackson Pollock (1912-1956).

Sculpture
The gigantic sculpture of George Washington by Horatio Greenough (1805-52), which is placed in the Capitol rotunda in Washington, D.C., was influenced by ancient Roman art. Two American sculptors whose works were influenced by the European Renaissance are Augustus Saint-Gaudens (1848-1907) and Daniel Chester French (1850-1931). The abstract style influenced modern American sculptors such as Alexander Calder (1898-1976) and Richard Hunt (1935 - ).

Design and Architecture
Design and Architecture Like other aspects of American culture, architecture was also influenced by local conditions and immigrants. The 19th century U.S.A saw buildings constructed in the Romanesque Revival style, the Greek Revival style characterized by symmetrical pillared forms, as well as the Gothic Revival style with its pointed, crocketed, and asymmetrical forms. The latter part of the 19th century saw the emergence of the skyscraper – the remarkable American contribution to the world of architecture.

Some of the notable American architects of the period were Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), Benjamin Latrobe (1764-1820), Louise Sullivan (1856-1924), Frank Lloyd Wright (1869-1959), and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (1886-1969). Today, the architectural style largely combines both the old and new elements and some architects of the modern era are Robert Venturi (1925- ), Richard Meier (1934- ), and Michael Graves (1934- ).

Literature
Reflecting its rich history, the American literature is generally divided into two segments. One segment deals with the writings of the colonial era and the other represents the post-Revolutionary writings when the evolution of American poetry, fiction, and drama commenced. Nine Americans have been awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. The winners of this prestigious award include Sinclair Lewis, Eugene O'Neill, Pearl Buck, William Faulkner, Ernest Hemingway, John Steinbeck, Saul Bellow, Isaac Bashevis Singer, and Toni Morrison.

Fashion
The American fashion industry has made an impressive impact worldwide. Today, some of the illustrious brands from America have established a strong reputation in the global fashion market.

The top names in American fashion are Adrienne Vittadini, Anna Sui, Anne Klein, BCBG Maxazria, Bill Blass, Billy Reid, Calvin Klein, Carole Hochman, Carolina Herrera, Claire McCardell, David Yurman, Derek Lam, Diane von Furstenberg, Donna Karen, Elie Tahari, Geoffrey Beene, Giorgio di Sant' Angelo, Halston, J. Crew, J. Mendel, John Varvator, Judith Leiber, Juicy Couture, Kate Spade, Kay Unger, Kenneth Cole, Lincs, Liz Claiborne, Marc Jacobs, Michael Kors, Mimi So, Mollie Parnis, Nanette LePore, Natori, Nicole Miller, Oscar de la Renta, Pamella Roland, Phillip Lim, Rag and Bone, Ralph Lauren, Reed Krakoff, Stan Herman, Stuart Weitzman, Theory, Tom Ford, Tommy Hilfiger, Tory Burch, Tracy Reese, Trina Turk, and Vera Wang.

Some indigenous brands are Hickey Freeman – whose specialty is men's tailored suits; New Balance – known for its collection of athletic footwear; Nanette Lepore – a famous brand in women's apparel; True Religion – much acclaimed manufacturer of designer jeans; Alden Shoe Company – deals in men's dress shoes; Pendleton – famous manufacturer of woolen blankets, shirts and other apparel, and All American Clothing Co., whose specialty is jeans.

Cinema
Cinema American cinema has captured the imagination of the world. American movies can be broadly classified into romantic, comedy, and action films. The studios of Hollywood are well-known for their movies and the stars they have created.

Sports
Sports Sports are an integral part of the American society. The typical American sports are baseball, soccer and basketball, but other sports like motor sports, shooting, running, boxing, horse racing, golf, tennis and extreme sports like sail boarding, mountain biking and sport climbing are also popular in the country.

Famous Americans


Amongst some of the luminaries who impacted American life and society in a big way, mention may be made of Abraham Lincoln – the sixteenth American President; Andrew Carnegie – a financier and philanthropist; Beach Boys – a musical group; Benjamin Franklin – a diplomat, inventor and scientist; Bill Gates – founder of Microsoft Corporation and a philanthropist; Bob Dylan – a singer and songwriter; golfer Bobby Jones; Clara Barton – founder of American Red Cross; Douglas MacArthur – an army general and statesman; author and poet Edgar Allen Poe; Eleanor Roosevelt – First Lady and humanitarian; Ernest Hemingway – an author; George Washington – a General and the first American President; Henry Ford – an industrialist and philanthropist; baseball player Jackie Robinson; boxer Joe Louis; John Adams – the second American President; actor John Wayne; musician Louis Armstrong; actress and comedienne Lucille Ball; civil rights leader Martin Luther King; tennis player Pete Sampras; poet Robert Frost; civil rights leader Rosa Parks; author Stephen King; Susan B. Anthony – an activist and woman suffrage alliance; Theodore Roosevelt – the 26th American President, Thomas Edison – an inventor extraordinaire and Warren Buffet – a business magnate, investor and philanthropist.

US Trivia


The U.S.A acquired Alaska from Russia in the year 1867.
Alaska's coastline is longer than the coastlines of all other states combined.
The U.S.A has no official language.
The state of Kentucky has the longest cave system in the world.
The motto displayed on the Great Seal of the U.S.A is “E pluribus unum”, which means “Out of many, one.”

USA Facts
Official NameUnited States of America
Short form / AbbreviationUnited States / U.S.A. / U.S.
Area9,826,675 sq. km.
Population320,616, 710 (as on April 2, 2015)
LanguageEnglish
National Income (Per Capita)USD 54, 678 (as on 2014 )
National EmblemThe Bald Eagle
National AnthemThe Star-Spangled Banner
National AnimalNone
National BirdBald Eagle
National FlowerRose
Literacy99.00%
Time Zone(s)9 Time Zones
UTC -4 (AST) ; UTC -5 (EST) ; UTC -6 (CST) ; UTC -7 (MST) ;
UTC -8 (PST) ; UTC -9 (AKST) ; UTC -10 (HAST) ; UTC -11 (SST); UTC +10 (ChST)
ClimateMostly Temperate


MapsofWorld Top Ten
Top Ten US Cities
Los Angeles, California
  1. New York City, New York
  2. Los Angeles, California
  3. Chicago, Illinois
  4. Houston, Texas
  5. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  6. Phoenix, Arizona
  7. San Antonio, Texas
  8. San Diego, California
  9. Dallas, Texas
  10. San Jose, California
Source: United States Census Bureau
Top Ten US Museums
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco
  1. Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago
  2. The Getty Center, Los Angeles
  3. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City
  4. The National WWII Museum, New Orleans
  5. National Gallery of Art, Washington DC
  6. Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum, Washington DC
  7. USS Midway Museum, San Diego
  8. Chihuly Garden and Glass, Seattle
  9. Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, Tucson
  10. Newseum, Washington DC
Source: TripAdvisor

Top Ten US Tourist Spots
New York City, New York
  1. Grand Rapids & Lake Michigan's Gold Coast, Michigan
  2. Yosemite National Park, California
  3. Boston, Massachusetts
  4. Central Coast, California
  5. Jersey Shore, New Jersey
  6. Kansas City, Missouri
  7. Cumberland Island, Georgia
  8. Las Vegas, Nevada
  9. Sun Valley, Idaho
  10. Lana'i, Hawaii
Source: Lonely Planet
Top Ten US Landmarks
Statue of Liberty, New York
  1. Statue of Liberty, New York
  2. Niagara Falls, New York
  3. Washington Monument, Washington, D.C.
  4. Mount Rushmore, South Dakota
  5. Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco
  6. Grand Canyon, Arizona
  7. Independence Hall, Philadelphia
  8. Gateway Arch, St. Louis
  9. The Fountains of Bellagio, Las Vegas
  10. Hoover Dam, Colorado River
Source: Travel + Leisure

Top Ten US Dishes
Buffalo Wings, New York
  1. Cheeseburger
  2. Reuben sandwich
  3. Hot dogs
  4. Philly cheese steak
  5. Nachos
  6. Chicago-style pizza
  7. Delmonico's steak
  8. Blueberry cobbler
  9. Green chili stew
  10. Chocolate-chip cookies
Source: CNN Travel
Top Ten US Drinks
Hot Chocolate with Marshmallows
  1. Coca-Cola
  2. Orange Juice
  3. Hot Chocolate with Marshmallows
  4. Chocolate Milk Shake
  5. Martini
  6. Manhattan
  7. Long Island Iced Tea
  8. Cosmopolitan
  9. The Mint Julep
  10. Irish Car Bomb
Source: Travel websites

Top Ten US Brands
Walmart
  1. Walmart
  2. Google
  3. Coca-Cola
  4. Microsoft
  5. McDonald's
  6. Apple
  7. Nike
  8. Facebook
  9. Amazon.com
  10. IBM
Source: Online Aggregators
Top Ten US Shopping Destinations
Dallas, Texas
  1. New York City, New York
  2. Chicago, Illinois
  3. San Francisco, California
  4. Minneapolis, Minnesota
  5. Los Angeles, California
  6. Boston, Massachusetts
  7. Houston, Texas
  8. Honolulu, Hawaii
  9. Dallas, Texas
  10. Baltimore, Maryland
Source: US News and Forbes


Last Updated On : April 04, 2015

About the USA
The largest economy of the world with a GDP of $15.1 trillion, the United States of America is the third largest country by land area and population. USA comprises 50 states and a federal district. The capital city of the country is Washington DC Some of the major cities in the United States of America are New York City, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Chicago, Seattle, Washington DC, Philadelphia, Houston, Miami, Las Vegas, Boston, and Atlanta.

USA Flag
The official flag was adopted on July 4, 1960. The flag of United States consists of thirteen horizontal red and white stripes and 50 stars in a blue rectangle.
Official Name The United States of America
ContinentNorth America
Lat Long38.883333, -77.016667
CapitalWashington DC
Largest CityNew York City
Major ReligionProtestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon 1.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Jewish 1.7%, Buddhist 0.7%, Muslim 0.6%, Other or unspecified 2.5%, Unaffiliated 12.1%, None 4% (2007 est.)
National dayJuly 4, 1776 (Independence Day)
Form of GovernmentFederal Constitutional Republic
PresidentBarack Hussein Obama II
Vice PresidentJoe Biden
CurrencyUS Dollar
GDP$16.77 trillion
Calling code1
Time Zone(UTC-5 to -10)
Internet TLD.us .gov .mil .edu
Official Website1


Target5.5 Million

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