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History of US
Native Americans probably migrated to the region from Asia up to 40,000 years ago. These indigenous people of the Americas lived in tribes, and were typically nomadic throughout most of their history. European explorers arrived in the late 1400s, most famously Christopher Columbus, who reached the Caribbean islands in 1492.
Settlers from the Netherlands set up the New Amsterdam colony in what would later become New York, but soon gave up their territory to England. France established colonies in what is now Canada and the Louisiana Territory, which makes up a large portion of modern-day United States.
Thirteen British colonies were established along the Atlantic Coast by the early eighteenth century. Throughout this, the indigenous people were exposed to the diseases of Europe, which they had never built up immunities to, and were pushed out of their lands progressively farther westward over time.
The French and Indian War, part of the Seven Years' War that took place from 1756 to 1763, was a territorial battle between the British and French colonies in North America. The war resulted in Spain ceding the Florida territory to Britain, and France ceding its territory in Canada to Britain and the Louisiana region to Spain.
The British Crown, in an effort to regain some of the money lost fighting the war, began collecting taxes from the colonists. Since the colonists did not have representation in British Parliament, they felt the taxation was unjust. These factors led to the American Revolutionary War, which broke out in 1775 and ended in 1783. The war was fought in many battles throughout the thirteen colonies, and resulted in the Declaration of Independence, which was signed on July 4, 1776. The system of government was based on the Articles of Confederation, followed by the Bill of Rights.
The Louisiana Purchase of 1803 nearly doubled the size of the United States, and was followed by battles with Spanish colonists to claim Florida for the United States in 1819. Over the rest of the century, the United States continued to expand across the continent, with the annexation of Texas, the Oregon Territory, California, and the Southwest.
Slaves had been brought into the United States since colonial times, but slavery did not spread to each of these new territories. The tensions between slave states and free states built up, leading to the Civil War from 1861 to 1865, in which the southern slave states ceded from the Union, creating the Confederacy. The Confederacy lost the Civil War, and rejoined the Union, and the slaves were freed, though still segregated in the South for years to follow.
The United States remained neutral at the start of World War I in 1914, but entered the war on the side of the Allies in 1917. During World War II, after an attack on Pearl Harbor, the United States joined the Allies once again.
The United States is situated in North America, between Canada and Mexico. The United States borders the Pacific Ocean along its western coast, and the Atlantic Ocean along its eastern coast. Southeastern United States sits along the Gulf of Mexico and Alaska is located next to the Arctic Ocean and Bering Sea.
From its many miles of coastlines with their sandy beaches, the tropical Hawaiian Islands, to its mountain ranges like the Rockies and the Appalachians, the United States has a wide variety of terrains. Major rivers in the United States include the Mississippi River that traverses the country, and combined with the Missouri River, form a the fourth longest river system in the world.
The government system of the United States is a federation that is a union of states with a degree of autonomy that are united by a centralized government. At the federal level, the government is divided into three branches: the Legislative, Executive, and Judicial. A bicameral Congress is made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives is made up of representatives from each of the states: each state has two senators, and the number of representatives in the House from each state is proportionate to the state's population.
The United States is further divided into fifty states and one federal district, Washington DC (District of Colombia). The states are governed by an elected governor, and are further divided into counties and cities. The states enjoy a bit of autonomy, and are able to make laws on issues not covered in the Constitution, have their own court system, and representatives.
Travel Attractions in US
The United States is a diverse and multicultural nation, with endless options for travelers. New York, Los Angeles, San Francisco, and Chicago are a few of the biggest cities in the United States, are filled with attractions. The Grand Canyon and the many U.S. National Parks are popular destinations for family vacations. World famous theme parks like Disneyland and Disney World in California and Florida are just a few of the many attractions offered in the United States.
Education System in US
The education system of the United States is managed by the government at each level: federal, state, and locally through school districts. Public education is free and available to all students, and school attendance is compulsory from the age of five to somewhere between fourteen and eighteen, depending on the state. Aside from public schools, private schools and home schools are two other options for schooling in the United States.
After completing high school, students can continue to college to earn an associate's or bachelor's degree. Institutions of higher education can be public or private, but most have tuition fees. Scholarships and financial aid are often available. The United States has a community college system, which offers two-year degrees called associate's degrees. Community colleges are located in many cities, and receive public funds to make college more affordable. Once completing an associate's degree, students at community colleges can then transfer to a four-year college if desired.
After attaining a bachelor's degree, students can continue to graduate or professional school to earn a master's degree, doctorate degree, or other professional degree.
Alaska's coastline is longer than the coastlines of all other states combined.
The United States has no official language.
The state of Kentucky has the largest cave system in the world.
One of the mottoes of the United States is E pluribus unum, meaning “Out of many, one.”
The United States acquired Alaska from Russia in year 1867.
Last Updated On : November 10, 2014
|The largest economy of the world with a GDP of $15.1 trillion, the United States of America is the third largest country by land area and population. USA comprises 50 states and a federal district. The capital city of the country is Washington DC Some of the major cities in the United States of America are New York City, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Chicago, Seattle, Washington DC, Philadelphia, Houston, Miami, Las Vegas, Boston, and Atlanta.||