About the US Map :The United States of America is the world's leading economy with a GDP of $16.77 trillion (2013). The country is also a very significant political and cultural influencer and dominates international relations. The country is now a federal union of 50 states and the federal district, Washington DC. Spanning over an area of 3.79 million square miles, the US is home to an incredible diversity in terms of the landforms, the flora and fauna, the people, and their culture and lifestyles. In the Map of USA you will find the international and state boundaries, country capital, important cities and airports, major roads, rivers and ports, and major points of tourist interest. The Map of USA points out the best-loved tourist attractions such as the Olympic National Park, Golden Gate Bridge, Dinosaur National Monument, Statue of Liberty, and the Kennedy Space Center Visitors Center. The map is also a great guide to spotting the major national parks at a glance - it features the Redwood National Forest, Yosemite National Park, Yellow Stone National Park, and the Everglades National Park.
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History of USA
In 1492, Christopher Columbus reached the Bahamas. In the 1500s, the Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León landed on the coast of Florida and subsequently, Spain established the first permanent European
In the 1600s, a small pox epidemic devastated the Native American population and the first slaves were brought from Africa to Jamestown.
In 1700s, Britain gained control of the territories on the east of the Mississippi River; the American Revolution began; the Declaration of Independence was adopted by the Continental Congress; American Independence was acknowledged by Great Britain with the signing of the Treaty of Paris; The Constitution of the United States was ratified; George Washington was elected the first President of the United States and the US Army was established.
In the 1800s, Washington D.C. became the official capital of the U.S.A.; Abraham Lincoln was elected President; the pro-slavery 11 southern states seceded from the Union; the Civil War began; the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed the slaves, was issued; the Civil War ended; the American Constitution was amended to prohibit slavery and the Statue of Liberty was dedicated to the nation.
In the 1900s, the Wright Brothers made their first flight; The U.S.A. acquired the Panama Canal Zone and the Panama Canal opened; the World War I began, The U.S.A. declared war on Germany and joined the war; the US Constitution was amended to give voting rights to women; the stock market crash led to the Great Depression; the Star-Spangled Banner was adopted as the national anthem; World War II began; The U.S.A. dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan; World War II ended and the United Nations was established; the Cold War between America and Soviet Union began and ended; Lt. Col. John Glenn became the first US astronaut to orbit the earth; President John. F. Kenny was assassinated; the Civil Rights Act became a law; the Vietnam War started and ended; Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin Jr. became the first people to walk on the moon; Operation Desert Storm began to drive out the Iraqis from Kuwait.
On September 1, 2001, the World Trade Center and the Pentagon were hit by a hijacked aircraft prompting the USA to launch operations in Afghanistan to find Osama Bin Laden, the founder of Al-Qaeda, and defeat the Taliban.
In 2008, Barack Obama was elected as the President of the U.S.A.
In 2011, the Occupy Wall Street movement drew the attention of the world on the American financial crises. Nine years after invading Iraq, the US military forces withdrew from the country. In the same year, the US forces finally found and killed Osama bin Laden.
In 2012, Barack Obama was re-elected as the President of the U.S.A.
In September 2014, the USA launched air strikes on ISIS strongholds. In October 2014, the US Midterm elections were held.
The United States of America (U.S.A.) is located in North America. It is bound in the north by Canada, in the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, in the south by Mexico, and in the west by the North Pacific Ocean.
The geographic coordinates of the country are 38 degrees 00 minutes north and 97 degrees 00 minutes west. While the northernmost point of the country is Point Barrow in Alaska, the southernmost point is Ka Lae in Hawaii. The easternmost point is West Quoddy Head in Maine and Cape Wrangell in Alaska is considered the westernmost point. With the exception of Alaska, the entire country lies between 50 degrees north and 25 degrees north latitude.
The USA is divided into nine time zones. These are the AST- Atlantic Standard Time (UTC -4), EST-Eastern Stand Time (UTC -5), CST-Central Standard Time (UTC -6), MST-Mountain Standard Time (UTC -7), PST-Pacific Standard Time (UTC -8), AKST-Alaska Standard Time (UTC -9), HAST-Hawaii-Aleutian Standard Time (UTC -10), SST-Samoa Standard Time (UTC -11) and Chamorro Standard Time (UTC+10).
Since 2007, Daylight Saving Time begins for most of the 50 states of the USA on the second Sunday of March and reverts to Standard Time on the first Sunday of November each year. With the clock set forward by 1 hour the names of the time zones also change to EDT-Eastern Daylight Time (UTC -4), CDT-Central Daylight Time (UTC -5), MDT-Mountain Daylight Time (UTC -6), PDT-Pacific Daylight Time (UTC -7), AKDT-Alaska Daylight Time (UTC -8), HADT-Hawaii-Aleutian Daylight Time (UTC -9) and SDT-Samoa Daylight Time (UTC -10).
The total area of the USA is 9,826,675 sq. km, making it the third largest country in the world. Of this, the land area is 9,161,966 sq. km while the remaining 664,709 sq. km is covered by water.
Mississippi River combines with the Missouri River to form the fourth longest river system in the world. The highest point in the country is Mount McKinley in Alaska, which is 6,194 m high. The lowest point is the Death Valley in California which lies at 86 m below sea level.
The Continental U.S. is crisscrossed by over 800 rivers. The major rivers of the country are the Colorado, Columbia, Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, Rio Grande, Sacramento, San Joaquin, Snake River, and the Yellowstone. The Mississippi-Missouri river system is the longest in the country and drains more than half of the U.S.A.
Of the five great lakes, Lake Superior, Huron, Erie and Ontario are shared by the U.S.A. and Canada and only Michigan lies entirely in the U.S.A. Amongst the other largest lakes in the country are the Great Salt Lake in Utah, Lake Okeechobee in Florida, and Lake Iliamna in Alaska.
In the U.S.A., more than 200,000 species of life forms are known to have been formally studied and named. However, it is believed that this number may not even be half of the total plants, animals and microbes found in the country. The U.S.A. is considered to have more diverse ecosystems than any other nation in the world and is particularly rich in aquatic life.
Iconic flora of the U.S.A. includes the Prairie grass of the Prairies, the Giant Redwood of California and the Giant Saguaro cacti found in the US deserts. The fauna would include the Grizzly bear, bison, wolf, Prairie dog, rattle snake and alligator.
The USA has 59 National Parks spread over the 50 states. Some of the most visited national parks in the country are the Great Smoky Mountains in North Carolina and Tennessee; the Grand Canyon in Arizona; Yosemite in California; Yellowstone in Idaho, Montana and Wyoming; Olympic in Washington; Rocky Mountain in Colorado; Grand Teton in Wyoming; Zion in Utah; Cuyahoga Valley in Ohio, and Glacier in Montana.
For more information, please visit USA national parks map.
The U.S.A. has a large latitudinal extent because of which the temperature varies considerably across the country from north to south. The annual mean temperature ranges from as low as -3 degrees centigrade at Fairbanks in Central Alaska, to about 11 degrees centigrade at Seattle on the western seaboard, New York on the eastern seaboard and Denver on the Great Plains. The mean temperature reaches as high as 24 degrees centigrade at Miami in Florida.
In general terms, there are four seasons in the U.S. - Spring (April to June), Summer (July to September), Fall (October to December), and Winter (January to March).
According to the U.S Census Bureau, the population was 320,616, 710 (as on April 2, 2015)
The estimated birthrate as on 2014 was 13.42 births per 1,000 and the death rate 8.15 deaths per 1,000 of population. The infant mortality rate was 6.17 deaths per 1,000 births. The sex ratio is estimated to be 0.97 males per female and the growth rate of the population as per 2014 estimates is 0.77%.
The distribution of population is quite uneven. Majority of the population lives in the coastal areas, while the population density is highest along the eastern and south-western seaboard. However, the population density reduces drastically as one travels inland towards the center of the country.
According to the 2014 estimate, 19% of the population consists of children between 0-14 years, 13.7% of the population is in the early working age between 15-24 years, 39.9% of the population is in the prime working age between 25-54 years, 12.6% of the population is in the mature working age between 55-64 years, and 13.9% of the population is in the elderly age of 65 years and over.
As per the data released by the Bureau of Labor Statistics on December, 2014, 59.2% of the US population comes under the category of working age (16-64 years)
As per the last conducted census, 82.4% of total population in the U.S.A. is classified as urban population while the remaining is classified as rural population.
For more information, please visit US Population page.
As per the latest census, the 10 most populated cities of the U.S.A. are New York, New York State; Los Angeles, California; Chicago, Illinois; Houston, Texas; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Phoenix, Arizona; San Antonio, Texas; San Diego, California; Dallas, Texas and San Jose, California.
The main religion in the U.S.A. is Christianity comprising Protestants, Catholics, and other Christian sects. However, the country also has Mormons, Jews, Buddhists, Hindus and Muslims.
The languages spoken in the U.S.A. are English, Spanish, other Indo-European and Asian languages and Pacific island languages. The country has no official language, but in 28 of the 50 states, English is the official language. In the state of Hawaii, the official language is Hawaiian.
Ethnic groups living in the U.S.A. include Whites, Blacks, Asians, Amerindians, Alaska natives, Hawaiian, and other Pacific island natives.
States and Politics
The country is divided into 50 states and one district. Besides the 50 states, the U.S.A. has 14 dependent areas. Of these, Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Islands, Navassa Island, and Wake Island are unincorporated territories of the U.S.A.; American Samoa (AS) is an unincorporated and unorganized territory of the U.S.A.; Northern Mariana Islands (MP) are a Commonwealth in political union with the U.S.A.; Puerto Rico (PR) is a Commonwealth associated with the U.S.A.; Guam (GU) and Virgin Islands (VI) U.S. are organized, unincorporated territories of the U.S.A.; and the Palmyra Atoll is a privately owned incorporated territory of the U.S.A.
The U.S.A. is a constitution-based federal republic with a strong democratic tradition. The Constitution was adopted on September 17, 1787 and came into effect on March 4, 1789. It has been amended several times since then.
Everyone over 18 years of age is eligible to vote. A college of representatives who are elected directly from each state elect a President and Vice President for a term of four years. The last election was held on November 6, 2012 and the next one is to be held on 8 November, 2016. The chief of state as well as head of government since January 20, 2009 is President Barack H. Obama, while the Vice President is Joseph R. Biden.
The main branches of the US military are the US Army, the US Navy, including the Marine Corps, the US Air Force, and the US Coast Guard. Expenditure on defense for the year 2015 is likely to be around USD 0.8 trillion, as per the estimates.
As per the 2013 estimate, agriculture contributed 1.1%, industry contributed 19.5%, and the services sector contributed 79.4% to the gross domestic product (GDP) of the country.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1.5% of the labor force in THE U.S.A. is engaged in farming, forestry and fishing; 12.7% in mining, construction and manufacturing; 79.7% in managerial, professional, and technical activities; with the rest being self-employed.
Agricultural products of the country include wheat, corn, other grains, fruits, vegetables, beef, pork, poultry and dairy products, fish and forest products and cotton.
Industries in the U.S.A. are highly diversified and include petroleum, steel, automobiles, aerospace, telecommunications, chemicals, electronics, food processing, consumer goods, lumbering and mining.
Total imports into the U.S.A as on November 2014 aggregated to USD 235.4 billion. The country mostly imports agricultural products; industrial supplies like crude oil; capital goods like computers, telecommunications equipment, motor vehicle parts, office machines and electric power machinery; and consumer goods like automobiles, clothing, medicines, furniture and toys. Its main import partners are China, Canada, Mexico, Japan, and Germany.
Travel and Tourism
While some of the favorite destinations for domestic American tourists were the U.S. Virgin Islands; Hudson River Valley, New York; Cincinnati, Ohio; Four Corners Region, Southwest U.S.; Culebra, Puerto Rico; California Gold Country; Boulder, Colorado; Hawaii and Yellowstone National Park.
The most visited tourist spots are the Times Square, New York City; the Las Vegas Strip, Nevada; National Mall and Memorial Parks, Washington, D.C.; Faneuil Hall Marketplace, Boston; Disney World's Magic Kingdom and Lake Buena Vista, Florida; Disneyland Park, California; Fisherman's Wharf/Golden Gate National Recreation Area, San Francisco; Niagara Falls, New York; Great Smokey Mountains National Park, Tennessee and North Carolina and Navy Pier, Chicago.
Transport and Communication
According to the CIA Factbook, the U.S.A. has the largest road network in the world with about 6,586,610 km (as of 2012) of roads. The country has a National Highway System (NHS), which consists of roadways that are important for the economy, defense and mobility of the nation. The Eisenhower Interstate System, the Strategic Highway Network, the major Strategic Highway Network Connectors, and the Intermodal Connectors are the main types of highways that together form the NHS.
* For more information, visit USA roadways map
As of 2012, the U.S.A has the largest railway network in the world with 228,218 km of railway tracks. Some of the busiest passenger railway stations in the country are Penn Station, New York City; Union Station, Washington; 30th Street Station, Philadelphia; Union Station, Chicago; Union Station, Los Angeles; South Station, Boston; Sacramento Valley Station, Sacramento; Penn Station, Baltimore; Albany-Rensselaer Station, Rensselaer and Union Station, New Haven.
For more information, visit USA railways map.
With a total of 19,453 airports (2013 estimate), the U.S.A. has the maximum number of airports in the world. Some of the major US airports based on the volume of passengers are Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, Atlanta; Chicago O'Hare Airport, Chicago; Los Angeles International Airport, Los Angeles; Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, Dallas; Denver International Airport, Denver; John F. Kennedy International Airport, New York; George Bush Intercontinental Airport, Houston; McCarran International Airport, Las Vegas; San Francisco International Airport, San Francisco and Sky Harbor International Airport, Phoenix.
With a vast coastline touching two major oceans, the U.S.A. has several passenger and cargo ports. Few important ports of the country are Miami Port, Port Everglades, and Port Canaveral in Florida; Seattle Port in Washington; Port of Long Beach in California; Port of Baton Rouge in Louisiana; Port of Corpus Christi in Texas; Port of Hampton Roads in Virginia and North Carolina; Port of Houston in Texas; Port of Los Angeles in California and also the Port of New York and New Jersey.
As of July 2014, the U.S.A. has a total of 512 operating satellites. Of these, 18 are civil satellites, 214 are commercial satellites, 121 are government satellites, and 159 are military satellites.
Telephone/ Mobile Network
As of July 2014, the U.S.A. has a total of 512 operating satellites. Of these, 18 are civil satellites, 214 are commercial satellites, 121 are government satellites, and 159 are military satellites.
The international country code for the U.S.A. is +1. As of 2013, there were 305,742,000 mobile cellular connections and 135,127,000 fixed-telephone connections in the country.
The internet country code for the U.S.A. is '.us' and as per the 2013 data there were 91,342,000 fixed broadband connections in the country.
Human Development Index (HDI)
Per Capita National Income
Education begins with kindergarten at the age of five, though preschool is an option for those who want their kids to start early. After kindergarten, comes the elementary education that continues from first grade through fifth or sixth grade. Middle school or junior high is typically from sixth or seventh grade through eighth. High school is from ninth grade through twelfth, with graduation at the age 17 or 18.
After completing high school, students can pursue further education and earn an associate's or a bachelor's degree. Institutions of higher education can be public or private. Some of the American colleges and universities consistently rank among the top 20 in the world. Scholarships and financial aid are often available. The United States has a community college system, which offers two-year degrees called associate's degrees. Community colleges receive public funds to make education more affordable. After completing an associate's degree, students at community colleges can then transfer to a four-year college, if desired.
After attaining a bachelor's degree, students move to a graduate school to earn a master's degree, doctorate degree, or other professional degrees.
Each of the 50 states has its very own state dish and together they create a unique culinary mosaic of the country. From the savory to the sweet, most American dishes are quite rich and usually come in large helpings.
* For more information, please visit American food page.
The diversity in the ethnic composition of population in the U.S.A. is amply reflected in the music genres that have developed across the country like Jazz, Country Music, Rhythm and Blues and Rock. And then there is Swing Music, Rock and Roll, Disco, and Hip-Hop (rap music), which are very much a part of the American pop culture.
Art and Painting
In the colonial period, the European portrait painting influence could be clearly seen on American art and the two famous portrait painters of the period were John Singleton Copley (1738-1815) and Charles Willson Peale (1741-1827). After independence from England, the national pride in the new American nation led artists like John Trumbull (1756-1843) and Gilbert Stuart (1755-1828) to paint the important events of the revolutionary war and other historical paintings. As the nation expanded westwards, the painters and their paintings began to depict the wildlife and natives found in the west. Realism strongly influenced American painters Winslow Homer (1836-1910) and Thomas Eakins (1844-1916). In the 20th century, a group of painters known as 'The Eight' gave America its first modern art. The abstract art was made famous by painters like Max Weber (1881-1961), Georgia O'keeffe (1887-1986) and Jackson Pollock (1912-1956).
The gigantic sculpture of George Washington by Horatio Greenough (1805-52), which is placed in the Capitol rotunda in Washington, D.C., was influenced by ancient Roman art. Two American sculptors whose works were influenced by the European Renaissance are Augustus Saint-Gaudens (1848-1907) and Daniel Chester French (1850-1931). The abstract style influenced modern American sculptors such as Alexander Calder (1898-1976) and Richard Hunt (1935 - ).
Design and Architecture
Like other aspects of American culture, architecture was also influenced by local conditions and immigrants. The 19th century U.S.A saw buildings constructed in the Romanesque Revival style, the Greek Revival style characterized by symmetrical pillared forms, as well as the Gothic Revival style with its pointed, crocketed, and asymmetrical forms. The latter part of the 19th century saw the emergence of the skyscraper – the remarkable American contribution to the world of architecture.
Some of the notable American architects of the period were Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), Benjamin Latrobe (1764-1820), Louise Sullivan (1856-1924), Frank Lloyd Wright (1869-1959), and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (1886-1969). Today, the architectural style largely combines both the old and new elements and some architects of the modern era are Robert Venturi (1925- ), Richard Meier (1934- ), and Michael Graves (1934- ).
Reflecting its rich history, the American literature is generally divided into two segments. One segment deals with the writings of the colonial era and the other represents the post-Revolutionary writings when the evolution of American poetry, fiction, and drama commenced. Nine Americans have been awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. The winners of this prestigious award include Sinclair Lewis, Eugene O'Neill, Pearl Buck, William Faulkner, Ernest Hemingway, John Steinbeck, Saul Bellow, Isaac Bashevis Singer, and Toni Morrison.
The American fashion industry has made an impressive impact worldwide. Today, some of the illustrious brands from America have established a strong reputation in the global fashion market.
The top names in American fashion are Adrienne Vittadini, Anna Sui, Anne Klein, BCBG Maxazria, Bill Blass, Billy Reid, Calvin Klein, Carole Hochman, Carolina Herrera, Claire McCardell, David Yurman, Derek Lam, Diane von Furstenberg, Donna Karen, Elie Tahari, Geoffrey Beene, Giorgio di Sant' Angelo, Halston, J. Crew, J. Mendel, John Varvator, Judith Leiber, Juicy Couture, Kate Spade, Kay Unger, Kenneth Cole, Lincs, Liz Claiborne, Marc Jacobs, Michael Kors, Mimi So, Mollie Parnis, Nanette LePore, Natori, Nicole Miller, Oscar de la Renta, Pamella Roland, Phillip Lim, Rag and Bone, Ralph Lauren, Reed Krakoff, Stan Herman, Stuart Weitzman, Theory, Tom Ford, Tommy Hilfiger, Tory Burch, Tracy Reese, Trina Turk, and Vera Wang.
Some indigenous brands are Hickey Freeman – whose specialty is men's tailored suits; New Balance – known for its collection of athletic footwear; Nanette Lepore – a famous brand in women's apparel; True Religion – much acclaimed manufacturer of designer jeans; Alden Shoe Company – deals in men's dress shoes; Pendleton – famous manufacturer of woolen blankets, shirts and other apparel, and All American Clothing Co., whose specialty is jeans.
American cinema has captured the imagination of the world. American movies can be broadly classified into romantic, comedy, and action films. The studios of Hollywood are well-known for their movies and the stars they have created.
Sports are an integral part of the American society. The typical American sports are baseball, soccer and basketball, but other sports like motor sports, shooting, running, boxing, horse racing, golf, tennis and extreme sports like sail boarding, mountain biking and sport climbing are also popular in the country.
Alaska's coastline is longer than the coastlines of all other states combined.
The U.S.A has no official language.
The state of Kentucky has the longest cave system in the world.
The motto displayed on the Great Seal of the U.S.A is “E pluribus unum”, which means “Out of many, one.”
|Official Name||United States of America|
|Short form / Abbreviation||United States / U.S.A. / U.S.|
|Area||9,826,675 sq. km.|
|Population||320,616, 710 (as on April 2, 2015)|
|National Income (Per Capita)||USD 54, 678 (as on 2014 )|
|National Emblem||The Bald Eagle|
|National Anthem||The Star-Spangled Banner|
|National Bird||Bald Eagle|
|Time Zone(s)||9 Time Zones|
UTC -4 (AST) ; UTC -5 (EST) ; UTC -6 (CST) ; UTC -7 (MST) ;
UTC -8 (PST) ; UTC -9 (AKST) ; UTC -10 (HAST) ; UTC -11 (SST); UTC +10 (ChST)
|MapsofWorld Top Ten|
Top Ten US Cities
||Top Ten US Museums
|Top Ten US Tourist Spots
||Top Ten US Landmarks
|Top Ten US Dishes
||Top Ten US Drinks
|Top Ten US Brands
||Top Ten US Shopping Destinations
Last Updated On : June 08, 2015
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