Explore Map of California, a state with loads of sunshine, iconic landmarks like the Hollywood Sign and the Golden Gate Bridge are merely a prologue to California. Located on the West Coast of the United States, California is bordered by Oregon to the North, Nevada to the East, and Arizona to the southeast. The state shares an international border with the Mexican state of Baja California to the South.
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About CaliforniaCalifornia is the third-largest State in America covering a total area of 163, 696 square miles. It lies in the western part of U.S bordered by Pacific Ocean to the west and Nevada to the east. Also known as the 'Golden State’, this region features a diverse landscape ranging from redwood forest, Sierra Nevada Mountains, the Mojave Desert and beautiful beaches with rugged cliffs. California also shares an international border to the south with Mexican state of Baja California.
History of CaliforniaCalifornia was first discovered by Spanish seafarer Juan Cabrillo in 1541; however, a mission wasn’t established in the region until 1769. The area was initially owned by Mexico until they surrendered it to the United States in 1847 under John C. Fremont’s leadership. It received official statehood 3 years later on September 9, 1850.
Earlier on January 24, 1848, a man named James W. Marshall discovered gold deposits at Sutter’s Mill, triggering the famous California Gold Rush which brought in settlers in hordes looking for this resource. By 1964, census reports showed that California had peaked New York in population to become the most highly inhabited state. Most of these settlers were immigrants coming from Asia and Pacific Islands.
Geography of CaliforniaCalifornia is known for its vast sandy beaches and plenty of sunshine. Only Alaska and Texas are bigger than it in terms of size with the total length from north to south estimated to be 800 miles. It has a diverse landscape of striking contrasts with eight major geographical territories that include The San Diego Ranges, Klamath Mountains, Central Valley, Coastal ranges, Sierra Nevada, The Los Angeles Ranges, Basin and Range Region and Cascade Mountains.
California Travel DestinationsOnce in California, there are a number of places you can visit and innumerable things you can do to keep boredom at bay.
Disneyland is a massive theme park in Anaheim, California that attracts millions of visitors each year; the venue was opened in 1955 to celebrate America’s small-town and hometown values. A slightly smaller park adjacent to the main one was also launched in 2001 which is known as Disney's California Adventure.
Disney mainly features fan activities that are suitable for both kids and adults. Children can also interact with their favorite cartoon characters such as Mickey Mouse, Little Mermaid, Popeye, so on and so forth.
An exclusive community within Los Angeles City lying at the slopes of Santa Monica Mountains, Hollywood was officially incorporated as part of Los Angeles in 1910. Today, it serves as a major film and TV studios center. The region is highly regarded in America as a symbolic center of US motion-picture industry. Ever since the first movie was made there in 1911, it has come to signify the recording industry in general from its morals, characteristics and manners. Hollywood attracts many visitors who come to see places such as the Sunset Strip, Dolby Theatre, Hollywood Blvd. and Mann’s Theatre.
3. Golden Gate Bridge
Golden Gate is one of the largest and most magnificent constructions in America; millions of people come here every year to see its 200ft drop, as well as the adjacent Hayward and San Andreas faults which are equally attractive. Golden Gate also hosts the 746ft international orange towers, vast sweeping cables and is aptly positioned on the foot of the Pacific Ocean. Since its opening in 1937, it’s estimated that around 1.5 billion persons have crossed the bridge’s 1.7 mile stretch.
Major Cities and Counties in California1. San Bernardino County
San Bernardino is found in the southern part of California and has an average population of 2,035,210, which makes it the fifth most populous county in the region. Its capital and county seat also goes by the same name San Bernardino. This county covers a total area of 20,105 square miles forming part of the Inland Empire, which also includes Long Beach CA.
2. Los Angeles County
Popularly known as LA, it’s one of the State’s original 27 counties founded on February 18, 1850. Los Angeles is the most populous county in America with a population of around 10 million people. This figure is even bigger than that of 42 other States in the U.S. Moreover, at 10,570km2 it has a land area that’s larger than Rhode Island and Delaware. The county’s capital is Los Angeles City which by itself has a population of 4 million people.
3. Fresno County
Fresno County is located in the northern part of California and has a population of 930,450 as of 2010. Its county seat/capital also goes by the same name Fresno and is the 5th largest city in California. Fresno was originally the homeland of native Mono and Yokuts people, it was later discovered by Spaniard missionaries looking for a suitable base to start their operations. In 1846, the county was integrated to become part of U.S following the Mexican War.
4. Alameda County
Formed on March 25, 1853, Alameda County covers an area of 821 square miles. With a population of 1,510,271, it is the seventh most populous county in California. Oakland, which is one of the most popular cities, is the county seat of Alameda.
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People and Culture of CaliforniaCalifornia’s cultural roots are diverse and come from Spain, Mexico and eastern United States. However, due to immigration it also includes foods, traditions and languages from different places around the world. According to statistics, 60.5% of inhabitants speak English only, 39.5% speak other languages apart from English and 25.8% converse in Spanish and Spanish Creole. There are also various native tribes in California such as Cahuilla, Achomawi, Chumash and Saklan. In terms of food, shrimp, swordfish, Dungeness crab as well as Clam chowder are popular in the region.
PopulationAccording to the latest census conducted in 2014, California has a total population of 38.8 million people. It’s the country’s most densely inhabited area with a population of around 7,000 individuals per square mile. Los Angeles, Silicon Valley and San Francisco are some of the most highly populated regions in the state.
Economy and Education of CaliforniaCalifornia's economy ranks sixth-largest in the world and largest in America. As of 2015, the state’s GDP was $2.496 trillion and growing at a pace of 4.1%. Agriculture is one of its key driving forces with production including items like vegetables, fruits, nuts and wines. Dairy produce also contributes the largest portion of farming income in the state.
Other sectors that contribute to the economy are film production and education. The educational system in the state consists of private and public schools, including the public University of California, California State University, and California Community College systems, private colleges and universities, and schools. The California State University (CSU) is the largest university system in the United States.
It’s a public university comprising 23 satellite campuses and 8 off-campus centers; together they enroll around 460,200 students, 24,400 faculty and 23,012 staff members. California State University is the largest 4-year system public university in US. CSU produces around 100,000 graduates every year, with its university system collectively sustaining 150,000 jobs and related expenses reaching $17 billion annually.
1. Death Valley
The lowest point in America found in Southeast area and lying 282ft below sea level, Death Valley stretches 140 miles long bordered on the West by Panamint Range and East by the Amargosa Range. The area is famous for its salt/alkali flats, saline pools as well as unique rock formations. Badwater region in south-central Death Valley lies 282ft below the sea range, and is the lowest point in the Americas.
2. Mt. Whitney
It rises 14,491ft and is found on the eastern territory of Sequoia National Park. This mountain is the highest point in the adjacent 48 states, it has a scenic highway that connects it directly with Death Valley. The mountain peak is named after American geologist Josiah D. Whitney who measured it in 1864.
3. Volcanic National Park
Covering an area of 106,372 acres, this park is found at the southern border of Cascade Range and is known for its volcanic peaks, vents, hot springs and lava flows. Even though the region is volcanic, the last major eruption happened in 1914.
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North-South interstates: Interstate 5 and Interstate 15.
East-West interstates: Interstate 8, Interstate 10, Interstate 40 and Interstate 80.
State Highways in California
US Highways and State Routes include: Route 6, Route 50, Route 101, Route 199 and Route 395.
California State Quick Facts
|Joined the Union||September 9, 1850 (31st State)|
|Abbreviation:||CA (Postal Code) | Calif (GPO)|
|State Motto:||Eureka (I have found it)|
|Area:||Total Area: 163,707 sq.mi (423,999 sq.km.), 3rd|
|Land: 155,973 sq.mi. (403,969 sq.km.), 3rd|
|Water: 7,734 sq.mi. (20,031 sq.km.), 6th|
|Coastline: 840 mi. (1,352 km.), 3rd|
|Shoreline: 3,427 mi. (5,515 km.), 5th|
|Population (2016):||39,295,000; Rank: 1 of 50|
|Largest Cities:||Los Angeles, San Diego, San Jose, San Francisco, Fresno, Sacramento, Long Beach, Oakland, Bakersfield, Anaheim|
|Border States:||Arizona, Nevada, Oregon|
|Official Languages||English (Spoken : English 57.4%, Multilingual 32.8%, Spanish 28.5%, Chinese 2.8%, Tagalog 2.2%, Vietnamese 1.43%)|
|Geographic Center:||38 miles east of Madera|
|Highest Point:||Mt. Whitney ; 14,494 feet, (4,421 m)|
|Lowest Point:||Badwater Basin in Death Valley ; 282 feet below sea level, lowest point in the US|
|Song:||I Love You, California|
|Flower:||California Poppy (Eschscholtzia californica)|
|Bird:||California Valley Quail|
|Median Household Income||$64,500|
|Job Growth (2016)||2.6%|
|Net Migration (2015)||1,03,500|
|Household Income Growth||2.3%|
|Gross State Product (as on Nov 2016)||$2,459 B|
|Crimes per 100,000 Residents||3,045|
|Net Migration (2015)||1,03,500|
|Economy:||Agriculture: Vegetables, fruits and nuts, dairy products, cattle, nursery stock, grapes.|
|Industry:||Electronic components and equipment, aerospace, film production, food processing, petroleum, computers and computer software, tourism.|