Canada Map

Map of Canada

Get Custom Mapping Quote +1 408 637 0064 | sales@mapsofworld.com


Disclaimer  :  All efforts have been made to make this image accurate. However Compare Infobase Limited, its directors and employees do not own any responsibility for the correctness or authenticity of the same.

About Canada Map :- Covering an area of 3.8 million square miles, Canada is the second largest country in the world. This map of Canada shows international boundaries, the national capital, important cities, airports, major roads, rivers, sea ports, and other points of interest. Some of the major attractions in Canada include Niagara Falls, the CN Towers, Royal Tyrrel Museum, and Vancouver Aquarium…all are shown in this map. Major cities in Canada include Ottawa, Toronto, Montreal, Victoria, and Quebec City. Some of Canada's lakes are Great Bear Lake, Great Slave Lake, Lake Athabasca, Lake Reindeer, Southern Indian Lake, and Lake Nipigon.


The history of Canada covers the period from the arrival of Paleo-Indians thousands of years ago, to present day. The native Indian people arrived thousands of years ago,across the Bering land bridge. With the arrival of European settlers, the world of the native population began to change, and many tribes did not survive the European contact, and died out completely.

Pre-history ended with the arrival of the explorers in the 1490s. The French and British expeditions explored, and later settled, along the Atlantic coast. France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America to Britain in 1763, after the Seven Years' War. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces.

What ensued was a process of increasing autonomy from the British Empire, which became official with the Statute of Westminster in 1931, and was completed in the Canada Act of 1982, severing legal dependence on the British parliament. Canada then constituted of ten provinces, three territories, and was governed as a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state.

When the American Revolution ended, British attention in North America moved north consolidating various Canadian territories and uniting them. It was an age of great explorers such as Mackenzie, Thompson Fraser, and James Cook. This growth and consolidation was challenged by the United States during the war of 1812. But the newly formed country of Canada continued to resist the various American invasions.

One of the most traumatic events for Canada, and the world was the First World War. The golden era before the war was a time of scientific discovery, social reform, and artistic innovation. When war broke out in Europe in August 1914, Canada, along with Europe, lost an entire generation and some of its finest youth. But out of this upheaval and disruption came one of Canada's finest moments and perhaps the first that defined it as a nation – The Battle of Vimy Ridge.

The end of the war brought a period or readjustment, an outbreak of influenza, a new view of values, and the nationalistic euphoria of victory.

October 1929 came as a shock to the Wall Street and to the economy of North America. Both United States and Canada sunk into the Great Depression. Along with this economic apocalypse came a climatic drought which destroyed farmlands. This drought lead to dried up land, and eventually much of the top soil blew away.

Although Canada had gained control of its own foreign policy in 1931 from Great Britain, it was unreservedly committed to backing the Empire. As tensions in Europe rose in 1938 and 1939, Canada also prepared for war. Canada was to become the great training base for Empire countries and its navy grew to be the third largest in the world by the end of the World War II.

WWII changed Canada in many ways…It ended the depression, pulled Canada onto the word stage, and set the stage for the longest and strongest economic boom in the nation’s history. Confidence and optimism were the watch words by 1945.


Physical Geography
LocationCanada is located in the continent of North America. It is bound in the north by the Arctic Ocean, in the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, in the south by the United States of America (USA) and in the west by the North Pacific Ocean. Alaska, a US State, lies in its north-western part. Canada is the largest, among the various nations of the world that share an international border with only one country.

The geographic coordinates of the country are 60 degrees 00 minutes north and 95 degrees 00 minutes west. The northernmost point of the country is Cape Columbia on Ellesmere Island in northwest territory, while the southernmost point is Middle Island in Lake Erie, Ontario, and the easternmost point is Cape Spear in Newfoundland, while the westernmost point is Mt. St. Elias, in the Yukon territory.

Canada is divided into six time-zones. These are NST-Newfoundland Standard Time (UTC -3:30), AST-Atlantic Standard Time (UTC -4), EST-Eastern Standard Time (UTC -5), CST-Central Standard Time (UTC -6), MST-Mountain Standard Time (UTC -7), PST-Pacific Standard Time (UTC -8).

Daylight Saving Time begins on the second Sunday of March and reverts to Standard Time on the first Sunday of November each year. With the clock set forward by 1 hour, the names of the time zones also change to NDT-Newfoundland Daylight Time (UTC -2:30), ADT-Atlantic Daylight Time (UTC -3), EDT-Eastern Daylight Time (UTC -4), CDT-Central Daylight Time (UTC -5), MDT-Mountain Daylight Time (UTC -6), PDT-Pacific Daylight Time (UTC -7) and YDT-Yukon Daylight Time (UTC -7).

Canada PhysiographyThe total area of Canada is 3,855,103 sq. mi (9,984,671sq. km) and this makes it the second largest country in the world (Russia being the largest). Of the total land area, 91.08% is ‘dry,’ while the remaining 8.92% is covered by water.

The Rocky Mountains, with their snow-capped peaks and their clear blue lakes are found in the western part of the country. The rest of the country is mostly covered with plains;however, lowlands are found in the southeast. Canada comprises varied landforms like mountains, plains, deserts, and fjords.

The highest point in the country is Mount Logan which is 19,550 ft. (5,959 m) high while the lowest point is the Atlantic Ocean which is at sea level.

Canada ClimateMost of northern Canada has an arctic or subarctic climate with long harsh winters, short sunny summers and little precipitation,with mean temperatures below freezing for nearly seven months in a year. While the southern part of the country has a relatively milder climate, often experiencing high levels of humidity during the summer months and the temperatures rise above 85 degrees F (30 degrees C).

The western and south-eastern part of the country can experience heavy rainfall, while the prairies are relatively dry. Most of the country’s rain and snow east of the Rocky Mountains is caused by cyclonic storms that form as a result of the mixing of air from the Arctic, Pacific, and North American interior.

In general terms, four seasons can be distinguished in Canada, they are Spring (March to May), Summer (June to August/September), Autumn (September to November) and Winter (December to February or later).

Canada HydrologyCanada has immense fresh water resources and almost 9% of its territory is water. An interesting fact about Canada’s hydrology is that nearly 60% of the country’s rivers flow and drain towards the north; away from the nearly 90% of its population which lives in the south. The major rivers of the country are the Athabasca, Columbia, Fraser, Mackenzie, Nelson, Ottawa, St. Lawrence, Saskatchewan, and Yukon. Of these, the Columbia and the Yukon cross the international border into the USA, while Mackenzie is the largest river of Canada.

Canada has more lakes than any other country in the world, and more than 500 lakes in the country are larger than 38 sq. mi (100 sq. km). Some of the biggest lakes of Canada are Lake Superior, Huron, Great Bear, Great Slave, Erie, Winnipeg, Ontario, Athabasca, and Winnipegosis. Of these, the four which form a part of the great lakes-Superior, Huron, Erie, and Ontario are shared with USA.


Canada PopulationThe total estimated population of Canada in 2016, was approximately 35 million.
For the year, 2016 the estimated birthrate is 10.2 births per 1,000 and the death rate is 8.5 deaths per 1,000 members of the population, while the infant mortality rate is 4.6 deaths per 1,000 live births. The sex ratio is estimated to be 1.06 males for every female and the growth rate of the population is estimated at 0.74%.

The distribution of the population in Canada is quite uneven. Nearly 90% of its population is concentrated in the southern part of the county, and within 100 miles of the US border. The estimated population density is nine persons per sq.mi. 

The estimated figures for the year 2016 for age structure in Canada show that 15.44% of the population consists of children between 0-14 years, 12.12% of the population is in the early working age between 15-24 years, 40.32% of the population is in the prime working age between 25-54 years, 13.94% of the population is in the mature working age between 55-64 years and 18.18% of the population is in the elderly age of 65 years and over.

As per the 2015 estimate, 81.8% of the total population in Canada is classified as urban population, while the remaining 18.2% is classified as rural population.

Know: Is abortion legal in Canada?

Social Attributes
Social AttributesThe main religion in Canada is Christianity, comprising of Roman Catholics, Protestants, and other Christian sects however, the country also has Muslim population and people of other unspecified faiths.

The official languages of Canada are English and French, but other languages are also spoken in the country.

The ethnic groups living in Canada include whites of British, French, and other European origin, Amerindians, Asians, Africans, Arabs and others of mixed background.

Canada Economy
  • The fiscal year in Canada begins from April 1st, throughMarch 31st.

  • As per the year 2016 estimates, agriculture contributed 1.6%, industry contributed 27.7% and the service sector contributed 70.7% to the gross domestic product (GDP) of the country.

  • As per the year 2006 data, 2% of the labor force in Canada was engaged in agriculture, 13% in manufacturing, 6% in construction, 76% in services and 3% in other activities.

  • Agricultural products of the country include wheat, barley, oilseed, tobacco, fruits and vegetables; dairy products; fish and forest products.

  • Industries in Canada include, transportation equipment, chemicals, processed and unprocessed minerals, food products, wood and paper products, fish products, petroleum and natural gas.

ResourcesNatural resources found in Canada include iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, rare earth elements, molybdenum, potash, diamonds, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas, and hydro-power.

International Trade
International TradeTotal exports for Canada were estimated at USD 462.9 billion in the year 2012. The country mostly exports motor vehicles and parts, industrial machinery, aircraft, telecommunications equipment; chemicals, plastics, fertilizers; wood pulp, timber, crude petroleum, natural gas, electricity and aluminum. Its main export partners are USA, China, and United Kingdom.

Total imports into Canada were estimated at USD 474.8 billion in the year 2012. The country mostly imports machinery and equipment, motor vehicles and parts, crude oil, chemicals, electricity and durable consumer goods. Its main export partners are USA, China and Mexico.

Travel and Tourism
Travel and Tourism
Travel and Tourism
Much of Canada’s tourism is centered around its four largest metropolitan areas, Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, and Ottawa, well known for their culture, diversity, as well as the many national parks and historic sites. Canada boasts of a number of world heritage sites listed by UNESCO, these include the Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks, Dinosaur Provincial Park, Gros Morne National Park, Head smashed-in Buffalo Jump, the historic district of Old Quebec, Joggins Fossil Cliffs, Landscape of Grand Pre, L’Anse aux Meadows and Wood Buffalo National Park.

Transport and Communication
RoadwaysWith about 647,655 miles (1,042,300 km) of roads Canada has the fifth largest road network in the world. The only inter-provincial systems are the Trans-Canada Highway and National Highway System. Canada’s national highway system is made up of over 23,625 miles (38,000 km) of important national and regional highways.

RailwaysCanada has one of the largest railway network in the world, with 30,709 miles (49,422 km) of railway tracks. The Canadian National Railway Company, headquartered in Montreal, is the largest railway in Canada, in terms of both revenue and the physical size of its rail network. It is Canada's only transcontinental railway company, spanning Canada from the Atlantic coast in Nova Scotia to the Pacific coast in British Columbia.

AirwaysWith a total of over 1,450 airports Canada is ranked number four in the world. The busiest airports in Canada are Toronto Pearson International Airport, Ontario; Vancouver International Airport, British Columbia; Montreal Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport, Quebec; Calgary International Airport, Alberta; Edmonton International Airport, Alberta; Ottawa Macdonald-Cartier International Airport, Ontario; Halifax Robert L. Stanfield International Airport, Nova Scotia; Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport, Manitoba; Victoria International Airport, British Columbia and Kelowna International Airport, British Columbia.

WaterwaysOne of the most important waterways of Canada is the Great Lakes and the Saint Lawrence River water system which connects the country’s heartland to the Atlantic Ocean and serves 15 major international ports.

The major ports of Canada are made up of 18 Port Authorities which together comprise the National Ports System. Important ports of the country are Fraser River Port, British Columbia; Port of Halifax, Nova Scotia; Port of Montreal, Quebec; Port of Port Cartier, Quebec; Prince Rupert Port, British Columbia; Port of Quebec, Quebec; Port of Sydney, Nova Scotia; Port of Toronto, Ontario and Port Metro Vancouver, British Columbia.

The main oil terminal of the country is Lower Lakes Terminal in the Saint Lawrence River.

SatellitesAs of the current data for the year 2013 Canada has 21 operational satellites in space. Out of these, two are civil satellites, one is a civil/commercial satellite, 14 are commercial satellites, three are government satellites, and one is a military satellite.

Telephone/ Mobile network
Telephone/ Mobile networkThe international country code for Canada is 1. There were 15.902 million telephone main lines in use and 29.39 million mobile cellular connections in the country as per the year 2015 data.

The internet country code for Canada is ‘.ca,’ and as per the year 2015 data there were 31.053 million internet users in the country.

Based on the 2011 census, the 10 most populated cities of Canada are Toronto, Ontario; Montreal, Quebec; Vancouver, British Columbia; Ottawa, Ontario/ Quebec; Calgary, Alberta; Edmonton, Alberta; Quebec, Quebec; Winnipeg, Manitoba; Hamilton, Ontario and Kitchener, Ontario.

Environmental Geography
BiodiversityIn Canada, about 71,000 species have been named and classified by scientists while it is believed that about 69,000 are yet to be recorded for the first time. Despite its northerly position, the country is rich and diverse in plant and animal life due to its large size.

Boreal forests are the most common type of vegetation found in Canada; other flora includes Spruce, Fir, Birch, Pine, Maple trees, and gigantic Red Cedar, and prairie grasslands. Iconic fauna of Canada includes the Beaver, Bobcat, Canadian Lynx, Lemming, Polar Bear, Wolverine, Arctic Fox, Badger, Black Bear, Coyote, Moose, and Porcupine.

National Parks
National ParksCanada has designated 42 areas as national parks and national park reserves to preserve the country’s natural beauty, historic heritage and biodiversity. Some of the most visited national parks and reserves in the country are Cape Breton in Nova Scotia; Banff National Park in Alberta; Fundy National Park in New Brunswick; Gros Morne National Park in Newfoundland and Labrador; Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve and Haida Heritage Site in British Columbia; Bruce Peninsula National Park and Fathom Five National Marine Park in Ontario; Forillon National Park in Quebec; Yoho National Park in British Columbia; Auyuittuq National Park in Nunavut, and Nahanni National Park Reserve in the northwest territories.

State and Polity
State and PolityAdministratively the country is divided into 10 provinces and three territories.

Canada is a parliamentary democracy, a federation and a constitutional monarchy. The Constitution is a mix of unwritten and written acts, customs, judicial decisions and traditions.

Everyone over 18 years of age is eligible to vote. The leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition usually becomes the prime minister following legislative elections; however, the monarchy is hereditary. Since November 4, 2015, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has been the head of the government while Queen Elizabeth II has been the monarch and the head of state since February 6, 1952. She is represented by a governor general, presently the post is held by Governor General David Johnston since October 1, 2010.

In the bicameral Parliament of the country the members of the House of Commons are elected by direct, popular vote for a term of four years while the members of the Senate are appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister and serves till the age of 75 years. The last election was held on October 19, 2015.

The main branches of the Canadian military are the Canadian Army, the Royal Canadian Navy, and the Royal Canadian Air Force. Expenditure on military for the year 2015 was 1% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). 

Human Development Index (HDI)
As per the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Canada is ranked 10th in the world with a HDI of 0.920 in 2016.

The life expectancy at birth in Canada is 81.9 years. Expenditure on health care for the year 2014 was 10.4% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

Elections in Canada were held on October 19, 2015. The next Canadian elections will take place either on or before October 21, 2019. 

Per Capita National Income
Gross National Income per capita in purchasing power parity terms was USD 46,200 for the year 2016.

Interesting Facts About Canada
  • The number of lakes in Canada are more than combined lakes of the rest of the world.
  • Canada has six time zones.
  • In the Canadian Northwest Territories, the License plates are shaped like polar bears.
  • Canada’s coastline is the largest coastline in the world.
  • Canadians own the Mall of America.
  • The longest international border in the world is the U.S. / Canada Border.
  • USA invaded Canada twice, in 1775 and in 1812.More Canada Facts...


Last Updated on: October 12th, 2017

USA Map USA Map Iceland Map Greenland (Denmark)