The official flag of Massachusetts was adopted on March 21, 1971. The background is off white colour and there is a blue seal at the centre of the flag.
About the State of Massachusetts
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts is located in the New England region of the northeastern part of the United States. It is the seventh smallest and third most densely populated state in the country. It has New York to the west, Rhode Island and Connecticut to the south, and Vermont and New Hampshire to the north. To its east lies the Atlantic Ocean.
There are a total of fourteen counties in Massachusetts. The largest county in Massachusetts is Worcester County and the smallest is Nantucket County. Check this Massachusetts County Map which locates all the counties of Connecticut on the map.
History of Massachusetts
Massachusetts has a rich history. The Pilgrims first came here in 1620, and it became the second permanent British colony in North America. It was the site of the infamous Salem witch trials of the 17th century. Massachusetts is also well known for the Boston Tea Party and the pivotal role it played in the American Revolution. It became the sixth state of the United States when it joined the Union on February 6th, 1788. During the 19th century, it emerged as the leader of the Industrial Revolution and was a keen supporter of the Union during the Civil War.
Geography of Massachusetts
Massachusetts is divided into several distinctive regions. It has the Berkshire Mountains and the Connecticut River Valley in its west, and many rural hill-towns in its central part. Its eastern part includes the urban Greater Boston region and the sandy beaches of Cape Cod, while islands like Nantucket and Martha’s Vineyard lie off its southeastern coast.
Massachusetts experiences a temperate climate. January is the coldest month while July is the hottest.
Travel Destinations in Massachusetts
Despite its small size, Massachusetts has a lot to offer to tourists. Some popular places of tourist interest include:
- Boston: The capital city of the state boasts a wide array of popular tourist sites including Fenway Park, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston Symphony Orchestra, Boston Public Garden, Freedom Trail, North End, John F. Kennedy Presidential Museum & Library, and Boston Tea Party Ships & Museum, to name a few.
- Martha’s Vineyard: Some popular tourist destinations include Joseph Sylvia State Beach, Oak Bluffs Campground, Martha’s Vineyard Film Center, Aquinnah Cliffs, Chappaquiddick and Edgartown Lighthouse.
- Salem: Revisit history when you come to Salem. Do not miss The Salem Witch Walk, Bewitched in Salem, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem Witch Trials Memorial, and Salem Maritime National Historic Site.
- Plymouth: Learn about the Pilgrims’ history in this beautiful city. Visit the National Monument to the Forefathers, Mayflower II, Pilgrim Memorial State Park, Plimoth Grist Mill, Plymouth Rock, and Plimoth Plantation.
- Cambridge: Home to two of the world’s best-known universities –Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT),. Popular tourist destinations of the city include Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Harvard Museum of Natural History, Longfellow House Washington’s Headquarters National Historic Site, Charles River Bike Path, and Peabody Museum.
- Nantucket: When in Nantucket, do not forget to visit the Whaling Museum, Great Point Light, beaches like the Surfside Beach and Madaket Beach, Nantucket Shipwreck & Lifesaving Museum, and Coskata-Coatue Wildlife Refuge.
Other important places of tourist interest are:
1. Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge:
- Situated in Chatham, it is a birdwatcher’s paradise.
2. Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame:
- If you are a basketball fan, you cannot miss this museum named after James Naismith, the inventor of the game. It is located in Springfield.