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Located in the North-east, New York is a world-famous state, known for its vibrant New York City, which is a major cultural and financial center of the nation. With the third largest population in the country (at about twenty million), and a status as the twenty-seventh largest, New York has a high population density, heavily concentrated in New York City. In fact, about 40 percent of the state's population resides in New York City. As the main point of entry for immigrants to the United States for many years, New York is a diverse region with a wide variety of cultures represented. Outside of the city, New York offers scenic beauty in the form of the Catskills, Niagara Falls, and more.
History of New York
Originally inhabited by the Algonquian and Iroquoian tribes, the region that is now NY was explored by the Dutch and claimed as New Netherland in the early 17th century. British settlers later annexed the colony, creating the Province of New York in 1664. New York was a major battleground during the Revolutionary War, and achieved statehood on July 26, 1788 as one of the original thirteen colonies.
Located in the north-eastern region of the United States, the state of New York is the third most populous of the 50 states in the U.S. The state of New York shares its borders with New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Massachusetts and Vermont. New York state is also bordered (through sharing a maritime border) with the states of Rhode Island and Canada.
The eastern part of New York state is dominated by the Great Appalachian Valley, while the northern part of the state includes Lake Champlain. This part also features the Hudson River. The western part of the valley features the Adirondack Mountains.
New York has the third largest economy of any state, after California and Texas. Its financial center, Wall Street, is the leading center of banking and commerce, and is home to the largest stock exchange in the world, the New York Stock Exchange. In addition to the financial and commercial institutions based in New York, it is also a major agricultural state, a strong producer of dairy products, apples, cabbage, cherries, and livestock.
The New York State is also named "The Empire State" for its profusion of wealth and diversity in resources. The state was named by the British to bestow honor at the Duke of Albany and York, the brother of King Charles II of England. It was then, in 1664 that New Amsterdam ceased to belong to the Dutch and the city as well as the state were named New York.
The fact that the state of New York has resplendent and enchanting tourist destinations to visit, it attracts millions of tourists every year. Major sites, include, Coney Island, Empire State Building, majestic Niagara Falls, Adirondacks' rugged mountains, the captivating Catskills, The Statue of Liberty, etc. The dominant features of the place are rivers, lakes, and streams.
The state also consists of various wildlife management areas, state parks, and forests that are homes to hundreds of wildlife species and are open for public.
The higher education system in New York state is the State University of New York (SUNY) as well as the City University of New York (CUNY), additionally funded by New York City. Additionally, there are several prestigious private universities such as Columbia University in New York and Cornell University in Ithaca. This makes it the only US state to have more than a single Ivy League university.
Last Updated On : Sept 11, 2014
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