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About New YorkComprising 54,555 square miles, the state is located in the northeastern Mid-Atlantic Region of the United States. It borders Vermont, Connecticut and Massachusetts in the East, Quebec and Ontario (Canadian provinces) in the North and West respectively and New Jersey and Pennsylvania in the South.
Geography of New YorkNew York state has a wide variety of topography. The eastern part of New York state is dominated by the Great Appalachian Valley, while the northern part of the state includes Lake Champlain. This part also features the Hudson River. The western part of the valley features the Adirondack Park- largest state park in the US. Vast tracts of wilderness and rural communities are prevalent in the Upstate New York. Like New York City, much of the state borders water bodies.
Western New York, Finger Lakes, Southern Tier, Central New York, Mohawk Valley, Capital District, Hudson Valley and Long Island are popular regions in the state. The state has 62 counties.
History of New YorkOriginally inhabited by the Algonquian and Iroquoian tribes, the region that is now NY was explored by the Dutch and claimed as New Netherland in the early 17th century. British settlers later annexed the colony, creating the Province of New York in 1664. New York was a major battleground during the Revolutionary War, and achieved statehood on July 26, 1788 as one of the original thirteen colonies. The Erie Canal was used as a major trade route in the early 19th century.
The fact that the state of New York has resplendent and enchanting travel destinations to visit attracts millions of tourists every year. Prominent tourist attractions include Coney Island, Empire State Building, majestic Niagara Falls, Adirondacks' rugged mountains, the captivating Catskills, the Statue of Liberty, Finger Lakes and Hudson River Valley. The state also consists of various wildlife management areas, state parks and forests that are home to hundreds of native species.
Transportation in New YorkBy Air- LaGuardia and JFK airports in New York City are two of the busiest ones in the country.
By Train- The Lake Shore Limited, Maple Leaf, Empire Service and Ethan Allen Express are the Amtrak trains serving the state.
By Road- The New York State Thruway along with interstate highways (I-90, I-87, I-287, and I-390) traverse the state.
Education in New YorkNew York's statewide public university system is the State University of New York (SUNY). The New York City Department of Education is the largest in the world. The University of the State of New York governs all public education from primary to secondary. The Columbia University, Cornell University, New York University and Rockefeller University are some notable private institutions. Know more here.
Facts about New York
- New York has the third largest economy of any US state, after California and Texas.
- Albany is the capital of New York.
- It is the fourth most populous state in the US.
- Mount Marcy at 1629 meters is the highest point in the state.
- Taughannock Falls is the highest single-drop waterfall in the entire northeastern US.
|Area||54,475 square miles|
|Land Area||48,708 square miles|
|Water Area||7,251 square miles|
|Highest point||Mount Marcy (5,344 feet above sea level)|
|Lowest point||Atlantic Ocean|
|Highest average temperature||76°F (25°C)|
|Lowest average temperature||35°F (2°C)|
|Geographic Center||Madison County|
Rivers in NYImportant rivers of New York state are:
Mountains in NYThere are four major mountain ranges in New York state. These are
- Adirondacks: It is located in the northeastern part of New York. It runs through Clinton, Essex, Franklin, Fulton, Hamilton, Herkimer, Lewis, Saint Lawrence, Saratoga,Warren and Washington counties. They are eroded domes consisting of many peaks either isolated or in groups.
- Catskills: These mountains are dissected plateau, an uplifted region which was eroded into sharp relief. They are on the west side of Hudson River and lie within the bounds of six counties.
- Shawangunks: It is a ridge in Ulster County.
- Taconic: It runs along the eastern border of New York State and extends into three boroughs of New York City. The highest peak is Mount Equinox
Lakes in NYNew York state has more than 7,600 freshwater lakes, ponds and reservoirs. There are around ten natural freshwater lakes of ten square miles or more, Lake Champlain being one of them. Other prominent lakes are the Finger lakes, Erie, Ontario, Greenwood lake, etc.
|County Name||Population||Area (sq. mi.)|
|Albany County Map||294,565||523.45|
|Allegany County Map||49,927||1030.22|
|Bronx County Map||1,332,650||42.03|
|Broome County Map||200,536||706.82|
|1||Saratoga National Historical Park||3,392 acres (13.73 km2)||Jun 1, 1938||Stillwater, Saratoga County, New York, USA|
|2||Women's Rights National Historical Park||6.83 acres (27,600 m²)||Dec 28, 1980||Seneca County, New York, USA|
Featured New York Links
Map of Cities in New York
|Buffalo city Map||Rochester Map||Yonkers Map|
|Syracuse Map||Albany city Map||New Rochelle Map|
|Cheektowaga Map||Mount Vernon Map||Schenectady Map|
|Utica Map||Brentwood Map||Tonawanda Map|
Last Updated on : January 04, 2017