Explore this Maine Map to learn about the twenty-third state of Maine in the USA. Update yourself about the exact geographical location of Maine. Look at its geography, history, significant towns and cities, capital city’s location, largest city, time zones, area/zip codes, flag, the emblem, various terrains in the state, hiking and backpacking trails, Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs), etc.
Maine is situated in the northeastern part of the USA. The capital is Augusta. The city of Portland, farther south, is the largest in the state. Maine became the 23rd state of the USA on March 15, 1820, a part of Massachusetts earlier. Maine is also called “The Pine Tree State” or, most popularly, “Vacationland.” The Motto of the state is “Dirigo,” whose meaning in Latin can be either “I lead,” “I guide,” or “I direct.” Almost 92% of the state’s inhabitants speak English, and nearly 5% of the state’s total population speaks French.
Check key facts about Maine to get knowledge about this twenty-third US state.
The original Maine flag features two of Maine’s most well-known symbols:
- White pine
- North star
Civil War veterans wanted the Maine flag to resemble the battle flags from the war. They wanted the state flag to be primarily blue, representing the Union and contrasting the Red of the Confederacy.
Maine has two state flags. Besides the commonly used blue flag, Maine has a white Merchant and Marine flag. It is meant to be flown by Maine-flagged ships. This flag dates back to 1939 and contains a green pine tree.
Learn more exciting State aspects from Maine Facts and Trivia.
The Great Seal of the State of Maine is the official emblem of Maine. The legislature adopted the language that governs the seal’s design on June 9, 1820. The description and explanation of the seal’s design are credited to Waldoboro’s Colonel Isaac G. Reed.
The official seal’s design features:
- A shield at the center of the circular seal. The design of this shield includes:
- Pine tree
- A moose resting on green grass at the foot of the pine tree
- A farmer leaning on a scythe is standing on the left-hand side
- A seaman resting on an anchor is standing on the right-hand side
- Below the shield, the state’s name “MAINE” is written on a label in large Roman capital letters.
- Above the shield, a stylized North Star can be seen. The state motto “Dirigo” (meaning “I Lead”) can be seen on a label below the star.
Maine Location Map shows the exact location of the US state of Maine on the United States Map. This map showcases the US state boundaries, neighboring countries, and oceans. Maine is located in the country’s northeastern part. It is also the northernmost state out of the six new New England States.
This state shares its borders with:
- Canada’s New Brunswick province (to the northeast)
- Gulf of Maine (in the southeast)
- New Hampshire (in the west)
- Canada’s Quebec provinces (in the northwest)
Maine’s exact geographical location is 42° 58′ N to 47° 28′ N Latitude and 66° 57′ W to 71° 5′ W Longitude. Check the Latitude and Longitude Map Of Maine to learn about the precise location of this state in the United States of America.
The earliest dwellers in Maine were the aboriginals, who used to live here in 3000 BC. These aboriginals mainly belonged to Mi’kmaq (Micmac) and Abenaki tribes, who used to speak the Algonquian language.
The earliest Europeans who visited the current Maine areas are believed to be the Vikings. Leif Ericson and 30 Viking sailors were thought to visit this land around 500 years before Columbus “discovered” America. They also tried to establish a settlement here.
It was in 1498 that an Italian sailor employed by England’s King Henry VII reached and explored the Maine coast. However, the first-ever settlement was settled in 1607 at Popham by the Plymouth Company. In 1607 another settlement was established in Virginia’s Jamestown. However, this settlement didn’t last long due to the extreme cold temperature. That’s why Jamestown is still considered the first permanent settlement in America.
Throughout the early 18th century, many wars took place between the French and the English troops on the question of ownership over Maine. The French fort capture at Nova Scotia’s Louisburg during the French and Indian Wars in 1745 was a significant military development.
All French claims to this territory ended in 1763 when the Treaty of Paris was signed. Maine’s population of settlers started to grow when the threats from the Native Indians lessened in the mid-1700s. From 1743 to 1763, the people of this place jumped from 12,000 to 24,000. By the century-end, the people of settlers in this area jumped to over 150,000.
The first major naval battle during the American Revolution occurred in June 1775. Around one thousand soldiers died during the American Revolution in Maine. Under the Missouri Compromise, Maine was established as the twenty-third state of the Union on March 15, 1820.
During the American Civil War, around 73,000 men joined the Union forces, out of which 10% died during the conflict. Joshua L. Chamberlain and Oliver Otis Howard were the two war heroes who led the Union troops to victory in Maine.
Maine spreads across a total area of 35,385 sq mi (91,646 sq km), out of which 30,862 sq mi (80,005 sq km) is land area and 4,523 sq mi (11,724 sq km) is water area. Maine is divided into these distinct areas:
- Coastal Lowlands: It starts from the Atlantic Ocean adjacent to Maine. It extends inland by around 10-40 miles (16-to-64.4 km). The characteristic features of this landform are:
- In the north, between higher cliffs, small sandy beaches in small inlets are there.
- In the south, flat and sandy beaches are there.
More than four hundred islands can be found off Maine’s coastal area. The largest of these islands is the Mount Desert (which forms Cadillac Mountain’s base). Mount Desert’s elevation is 1,530 feet (466.3 m) above sea level.
Tidal creeks and salt marshes characterize the Coastal Lowlands to the west of the beaches and the coast.
- Eastern New England Uplands: You’ll find this terrain from southern Canada to Connecticut. This section of landform is spread across a width of 20-to-50 miles (32-to-80 km). In the western part, Eastern New England Uplands rise to around 2,000 ft (609.6 m). The Aroostook Plateau is situated in the northern parts of this landform. This plateau has deep fertile soil, and that’s why it is used as farmland to grow Maine Potato crops. Fast streams and lakes are there in the Aroostook Plateau’s south. Through the New England Uplands’ center, the Longfellow Mountains run through.
- White Mountains: These mountainous terrains in the state are mainly situated in the northwestern part. While its width is 5 miles (8 km) in the northern part, its width in the southern part is around 30 miles (48.3 km). Maine’s highest elevation point is Mount Katahdin (whose elevation is 5,276 feet or 1,608 m above sea level). This mountain is situated in the White Mountain landform in Maine. This region has around nine mountains whose elevation is more than 4,000 ft (1,219.2 m) and ninety-seven mountains whose elevation is more than 3,000 ft (914.4 m). Check this Maine Topographic Map to learn more.
Northcentral deep water lakes cover significant areas of the state. Some major lakes in Maine are Moosehead (the largest in Maine), Sebago, Richardson, Chamberlain, Long lakes, and more.
From this physical map of Maine, you can learn more about the mountain range, rivers, deserts, plains, the state capital, state boundary, and neighboring country.
Maine has 16 counties. Aroostook County is the largest county, and Sagadahoc County is the smallest county. Check the Maine County Map to learn more about the location and boundaries of different counties in the state.
There is only one area code in the US State of Maine. It is:
The Maine Area Codes Map will help you locate a particular area code. You can also use it to learn more about the area code boundary, county and state boundaries, and state capital.
There are 432 active zip codes in Maine as of 2022. The best zip codes where you can live in the state are 04107, 04096, 04110, 04105, 04021, etc. You can find a particular zip code’s location, boundary, state boundary, and state capital with the help of the Maine Zip Codes Map.
Learn about the state’s significant places from this Maine cities map. It also helps you know the exact location of the state capital, other cities, state boundaries, neighboring states and oceans, and many more. Maine’s most prominent cities are Portland, Auburn, South Portland, Bangor, Lewiston, and many more.
The busiest airports in Maine are Portland International Jetport, Bangor International Airport, Knox County Regional Airport, etc. Check the location of different airports in the state on the Maine Airports Map. This map also shows Maine’s state and country boundaries, cities, the state capital, neighboring states, and oceans.
Maine National Park and Trails
Maine has four national parks. Around 2,717,380 visitors visit these national parks annually. Major national parks in the State are Acadia National Park, Katahdin Woods and Waters National Monument, Roosevelt Campobello International Park, and others.
In Maine, you can enjoy 1,845 recreational trails (hiking, backpacking, mountain biking, and other adventurous trails). The Beehive Loop Trail, Jordan Pond Path, Gorham Mountain Loop, etc., are some of Maine’s most popular hiking routes.
Check out the National Parks in Maine Map to get a clear idea about the locations of different national parks, monuments, preserves, etc.
Maine Time Zones
The time zone in most parts of Maine is UTC−05:00 (Eastern), and its summer (DST) is UTC−04:00 (EDT).
In the USA, Maine is one of the coldest regions. The average monthly temperature ranges from 11.9 °F (-11.2 °C) to 78.9 °F (26.1 °C). You’ll find a climatic condition similar to that of the Central European weather.
In Maine, the summers remain warm, long, and wet. Summer’s average temperature ranges from around 60 °F (15.6 °C) in the far north of the state to around 70 °F (21.1 °C) in the southern parts.
The winters in Maine are generally cold and freezing. Prolonged cold spells are rare. Throughout winter, it remains partly cloudy. The average temperature in the winter season ranges from less than 15 °F (-9.4 °C) in the northern and interior parts of Maine to 25 °F (-3.9 °C) in the far south.
FAQs on Maine
FAQ #1: What Time Zone Is Maine?
Ans: UTC−05:00 (Eastern) is the time zone in Maine. UTC−04:00 (EDT) is its Summer (DST) time zone.
FAQ #2: What Is The Capital Of Maine?
Ans: Augusta is the capital of Maine.
FAQ #3: What Is Maine Known For?
Ans: Maine is known for Acadia National Park, Atlantic Coast’s stunning views, lobsters, iconic fishing harbors, blueberries, Maine to Nova Scotia ferry, winter sports, and many more.
FAQ #4: Does It Snow In Maine?
Ans: Yes, heavy snowfall takes place in Maine. The average annual snowfall level varies from 50-70 inches (1,270-1,778 mm) in coastal areas to 60-110 inches (1,524-2,794 mm) in inland areas.
FAQ #5: Who Is The Governor Of Maine?
Ans: Democratic Party Janet Mills is the incumbent Governor of Maine in 2022. She assumed the office as the 75th Governor of Maine on January 2, 2019.
FAQ #6: What Is The Population Of Maine?
Ans: Maine’s population in 2022 is estimated to be 1.38 million, making it the thirty-eighth populous state in the USA.
FAQ #7: What Is The State Bird Of Maine?
Ans: Chickadee (Parus atricapillus) is Maine’s state bird.
FAQ #8: When Did Maine Become A State?
Ans: On March 15, 1820, Maine became a state.
FAQ #9: How Many Counties Are In Maine?
Ans: There are 16 counties in Maine.
FAQ #10: What is the Largest College in Maine?
Ans: The University of Maine is the largest in Maine.