Top Viewed Maps of Maine
The earliest human settlement during the prehistoric times in the south central part of Maine were of the Red Paint people as evinced from the burial mounds. The Red Paint people were followed by the Susquehanna culture that was the first
It was in the year 1604 that the first European settlement was established here on the Saint Croix Island. Explorers as Sieur de Mons, Pierre Dugua, and Samuel de Champlain were responsible for this settlement. The entire region, including the present day Maine was named Acadia by the French. The Plymouth Company established the first English settlement in 1607 under George Popham and Raleigh Gilbert. Their settlement, at the mouth of the Kennebec River did not flourish and the colonists went back to England in the year 1608.
There came a successor of the Plymouth Company, the Council for New England in 1620. When the process of creating new territories was being initiated, Captain John Mason and Sir Ferdinando Gorges were given the royal grant for all the territory that lay between Merrimack and Kennebec rivers. Under the 1622 land patent, the region then came to be known as the Province of Maine. The territory was split amidst them in a 1629 deal with the Province of New Hampshire being established by Mason in the southern part and New Somersetshire being formed by Gorges in the northern part, now known as southwestern Maine.
In the succeeding years, a series of wars between the French and the Indian allies ensued. Specific among those were the King’s Philips War (1675-76), King William’s War (1689-97), the Queen Anne’s War (1701-13), and the King George’s War (1744-48). The whole town and many communities were destroyed which further slowed the development and settlement in Maine.
In 1740s, the French were defeated in the hands of the British in Acadia. This made the region east of Penobscot River to fall under the power of the Province of Nova Scotia and along with the present day New Brunswick.
The year 1775 that marked the start of the American Revolution, Maine became heavily involved in the conflict. Both the American and the British forces were fighting for the territory of Maine. The British forces conquered the eastern part of Maine during the American Revolution and the War of 1812 that followed.
When the United States was created, the territory of Maine was affirmed as a part of Massachusetts. However, it was the Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842 that established the final border with the British territory. After the revolution, demands for separation from Massachusetts increased widely. In the year 1820, voters of Maine voted to discrete itself from Massachusetts. Under the Missouri Compromise of 1820, the Congress established Maine as the 23rd state on 15 March 1820. Maine became part of the Union as a free state while Missouri joined the Union as a slave state the following year. This retained a balance between free and slave states. Though Portland was initially made the capital of Maine, in 1832, it was shifted to Augusta due to its convenient location within the state.
Today, Maine is popular worldwide for its production of blueberries, potatoes, vegetables, dairy products, apples, poultry, eggs, etc. It is famous for its production of flat tins of sardines and for being the world’s biggest pulp-paper manufacturers.
In the U.S. Maine is located in the extreme corner of northeast in the New England region. The eastern and southern part of the state is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the western part by New Hampshire, the northwestern part by the Canadian provinces of Quebec, and the northeastern part is bordered by New Brunswick. It is the easternmost state of the United States and the largest of all the New England states. Portland, Lewiston, South Portland, Auburn, and Bangor are the major cities of Maine.
The state of Maine can be broadly divided into three geographic areas that stretch from the east to the northwest. They are the Coastal Lowlands, White Mountains, and the Eastern New England Uplands. From the Atlantic Ocean the Coastal Lowlands extend to about ten to forty miles inland. The Eastern New England Uplands stretches from south Canada to Connecticut on the northwest of the Coastal Lowlands. The White Mountains are a wing of New Hampshire’s White Mountains.
The monthly average temperature of Maine ranges from 78.9 degree Fahrenheit to 11.9 degree Fahrenheit. The recorded highest temperature was 105 degree Fahrenheit, which was recorded at North Bridgton on 10 July 1911. The lowest recorded temperature, on the other hand, was –48 degree Fahrenheit recorded at Van Buren on 19 January 1925.
Maine boast of a number of historical places, monuments, gardens, art galleries, museums, amusement parks, maritime memorabilia, and above all scenic views. Above all Maine offers an incredible number of outdoor recreations such as boating, hiking, camping, skiing, whitewater rafting, etc. Maine is home to some of the world’s loveliest sea beaches that leave tourists mesmerized. The state is inundated with picturesque sceneries that emanate a magical charm of its own. Some of the top tourist places, which fall under the category of ‘must see’ are:
- Acadia National Park
- Boothbay Harbor
- Monhegan Island
- Old Fort Western Museum on the Kennebec
- Palace Playland
- Bowdoin College Museum of Art
- Funtown Splashtown USA
- Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens
- Downeast Maine Lighthouses
- Victoria Mansion (Portland)
- Old Sow Whirlpool
WBAMA030714 Last Update On : February 20, 2015