About Mexico :
Ethnic diversity, colorful cultural traditions, enigmatic and advanced civilization, and amazing natural diversity make up Mexico. One of the distinctive features of Mexico is its unity in diversity - the country attracts millions of tourists every year, making it one of the most visited countries of the world.
Located in southern North America
, Mexico covers a total land area of 761,606 square miles. It shares its border to the north with the United States, and to the south with Guatemala and Belize. The country is bordered by the Pacific Ocean to the west and Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea to the east. It is home to diverse landforms varying from mountains, plains, deserts, and plateaus. Mexico also enjoys both temperate and tropical climates because of its location on the Tropic of Cancer.
Historic Background :
Long before Europeans reached Mexico, it was occupied by natives of advanced civilizations including Aztecs, Mayan, Toltec, Zapotec, Teotihuacan, and Olmec.
In 1519, Hernando Cortes and a crew of Spanish soldiers sailed to Mexico in search of treasure, and by 1521 they had defeated and conquered the Aztec Empire with their military skills and weapons. For the next 300 years, it remained a colony of Spain, until the Mexicans revolt in 1810. Their independence was recognized only after the signing of Treaty of Cordoba in 1821.
Unfortunately, after achieving independence, Mexico faced a lack of expertise in the running of a country, and struggled to gain political stability. In the forty years following independence, 56 governments, several dictators, two emperors, and many presidents reigned. Mexico lost some of its territories between 1836 and 1848, including Texas, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, parts of Arizona and California to the United States.
In 1855, Benito Juarez, an upcoming political leader at the time, administered reforms by passing a series of laws. Between 1858 and 1861 civil war broke out in the country; after the war ended, Juarez was elected president in 1861. In 1867, France withdrew its troops from the country and Juarez remained president. Juarez died in 1872, and Dictator Porfirio Diaz became his successor. The Mexican Revolution began in 1910, and by 1917 a new constitution was established. In 1921, the National Revolutionary party was established. After the Second World War, the government emphasized economic growth, and in 1994 Mexico joined the USA and Canada
in signing North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
Economy and Challenges :
One of the largest economies in Latin America and the world, Mexico has made remarkable economic growth despite the post-independence political instability. It became a major producer of petroleum under the leadership of President Jose Lopez Portillo. In 1994, Mexico joined United States and Canada in signing North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and in 1996, it became a member of the World Trade Organization. Mexico is expected to reach the top five global economies by 2050.
Even with such good economic growth, the country is still struggling to minimize the disparity between the extremely poor and extremely rich, which remains a major challenge for the government.
Travel and Tourism :
Mexico is ranked in the top thirty highest spending countries on tourism in the world. Its varied landscape, rich cultural heritage, cuisines, and friendly locals make the country an attractive tourist destination. The majority of tourists come to Mexico from the United States and Canada
Last Updated on: October 13th, 2017