The historical background of the United Kingdom can be dated back to the time of the Anglo Saxons. During the early 10th century C.E., they secured an allegiance with their Celtic neighbors. After continuous successful conquests in the following centuries, the kingdoms located farther away became subject to English ruling.
Originally, Wales was part of the the Celtic kingdom. However, it was formally united with England in 1536 by the Acts of Union. In 1707, Scotland officially joined Wales and England to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain. During the 1600s, Ireland became subject to English control. They officially joined Great Britain in the Act of Union of 1800. In 1922, the Republic of Ireland became independent while six of their nine counties remained part of the United Kingdom.
Major Counties in the UK
The United Kingdom has a total of 57 counties. However, only ten of these are considered to be major counties. These include London, Birmingham, Glasgow, Liverpool, Bristol, Manchester, Sheffield, Leeds, Edinburgh and Leicester.
London is the capital city of the United Kingdom and it is the center of all business, entertainment, architecture and education. It is considered to be one of the oldest great cities in the world. Its history spans over two millenia and it continues to thrive with its bustling cityscapes.
is most popularly known for being home to the Cadbury chocolate. It is located in the West Midlands region of England.
is a port city which is located on the River Clyde. It is part of the Western Lowlands in Scotland.
is located in the northwestern part of England and it is a maritime city.
is another maritime city located in the southwestern part of England.
has the richest industrial heritage in the entire region.
is located in South Yorkshire and it is home to a variety of museums and galleries.
is located in Yorkshire and it is one of the most popular tourist destinations in England.
is the official capital of Scotland and it is home to the Holyrood Palace which was built in the 16th century.
is located in the East Midlands and it is the county town of Leicestershire.
Important Facts about Major Counties
- London is the biggest city in the United Kingdom and it is where the Houses of Parliament is located.
- Birmingham is one of the United Kingdom's greenest cities. A fun fact about this county is that it is officially the youngest city in Europe.
- Glasgow is the fourth most populous county and the word “Glasgow” translates to “green valley” in the Gaelic language.
- The waterfront located in Liverpool was officially named a World Heritage Site.
- Bristol is located on the rivers of Frome and Avon and it's one of the wealthiest trading ports in the country.
- Manchester is home to more than twenty Nobel prize winners who have studied at the University of Manchester.
- Sheffield is referred to as the city of steel because it had the most iconic steel industry during the 1970s to 1980s.
- Leeds is home to the popular fashion brand Marks and Spencer or M&S. It was in the Leeds Market where Michael Marks first opened a penny bazaar stall in 1884.
- The Edinburgh Castle is built upon an extinct volcano which last erupted millions of years ago.
- In 1967, the first ever local radio station in Britain was aired in Leicester.
Other Counties and what are they famous for
With the help of the county map, you'll be able to easily identify your preferred travel destinations. There are plenty of facts regarding each of the counties which are very interesting to learn.
Yorkshire is a great place to visit since it is home to various Michelin-starred restaurants. The county is extremely beautiful and you'd be able to enjoy various artworks of Victorian artists scattered around the vicinity.
Cotswold is filled with honey colored towns and villages. It is complete with lively galleries and vibrant festivals which would surely pique your interest.
Devon is the best place to spend a holiday getaway because of its picturesque landscape. You will have a grand time exploring the magnificent beaches and enjoying the great outdoors.
If you love the countryside, Norfolk is a must-see destination during your visit. It is composed of flint built villages which are amazing for walking, touring, strolling and cycling. It is also home to several medieval castles and fascinating museums.
List of Counties in United Kingdom
Last Updated on: June 22, 2017
|England||Hillingdon||44.67 sq mi (115.70 km2)||292,690 (mid-2014 est.)|
|England||Wandsworth||13.23 sq mi (34.26 km2)||312,145 (mid-2014 est.)|
|England||Kensington and Chelsea||4.68 sq mi (12.13 km2)||156,190 (mid-2014 est.)|
|England||Westminster||8.29 sq mi (21.48 km2)||233,292 (mid-2014 est.)|
|England||Camden||8.4 sq mi (21.8 km2)||234,846 (mid-2014 est.)|
|England||Haringey||11.42 sq mi (29.59 km2)||267,541 (mid-2014 est.)|
|England||Islington||5.74 sq mi (14.86 km2)||221,030 (mid-2014 est.)|
|England||Hackney||7.36 sq mi (19.06 km2)||263,150 (mid-2014 est.)|
|England||London||607 sq mi (1,572 km2)||8,538,689 (2014)|
|England||Tower Hamlets||7.63 sq mi (19.77 km2)||284,015 (mid-2014 est.)|
|England||Lambeth||10.36 sq mi (26.82 km2)||318,216 (mid-2014 est.)|
|England||Harrow||19.49 sq mi (50.47 km2)||246,011( mid- 2014 est.)|
|England||Southwark||11.14 sq mi (28.85 km2)||302538 ( mid- 2014 est.)|
|England||Lewisham||13.57 sq mi (35.15 km2)||291933 ( mid- 2014 est.)|
|England||Waltham Forest||14.99 sq mi (38.82 km2)||268020 ( mid- 2014 est.)|
|England||Redbridge||21.78 sq mi (56.41 km2)||293055 ( mid- 2014 est.)|
|England||Havering||43.35 sq mi (112.27 km2)||245974 ( mid- 2014 est.)|
|England||Newham||13.98 sq mi (36.22 km2)||324322 ( mid- 2014 est.)|
|England||Barking and Dagenham||13.93 sq mi (36.09 km2)||198294 ( mid- 2014 est.)|
|England||Greenwich||NA||30,578 (Peninsula and Greenwich West wards 2011)|
|England||Bexley||23.38 sq mi (60.56 km2)||239865 ( mid- 2014 est.)|
|England||Merton||14.52 sq mi (37.61 km2)||203515 ( mid- 2014 est.)|
|England||Ealing||21.44 sq mi (55.53 km2)||342118 ( mid- 2014 est.)|
|England||Sutton||10.4 miles (16.7 km)||41483 ( mid- 2014 est.)|
|England||Croydon||9.5 miles (15.3 km)||173314 ( mid- 2014 est.)|
|England||Bromley||9.3 miles (15 km)||16,826 (Bromley Town ward)|
|England||Hounslow||21.61 sq mi (55.98 km2)||265568 ( mid- 2014 est.)|
|England||Enfield||31.74 sq mi (82.20 km2)||324574 ( mid- 2014 est.)|
|England||Brent||16.70 sq mi (43.24 km2)||320762 ( mid- 2014 est.)|
|England||Hammersmith and Fulham||6.33 sq mi (16.40 km2)||178365 ( mid- 2014 est.)|
|England||Richmond upon Thames||5.38 km2 (2.08 sq mi)||21,469 (North Richmond and South Richmond wards 2011)|
|England||Kingston upon Thames||10 miles (16.1 km)||43013 ( mid- 2014 est.)|
|Wales||Swansea||150 sq mi (380 km2)||Unitary Authority area: 239,000, Ranked 2nd Urban area within Unitary Authority: 179,485 Wider Urban Area: 300,352 Metropolitan Area: 462,000 (2011)|
|Wales||Neath Port Talbot||170.7 mi²||35,633 (2001)|
|Wales||Bridgend||2.51 mi²||49,404 (April 2011)|
|Wales||Rhondda, Cynon, Taff||163.7 mi²||31,705 (2001 Census)|
|Wales||Vale of Glamorgan||129 sq mi (335 km²)||126,300 (2011)|
|Wales||Merthyr Tydfil||approximately 23 miles (37 km) north of Cardiff||61250|
|Wales||Cardiff||54.2 sq mi (140.3 km2)||346,100 (2011 Census)|
|Wales||Blaenau Gwent||42.09 mi²||NA|
|Wales||Torfaen||48.65 mi²||91,100 (2011)|
|Wales||Newport||70 sq mi (190 km2)||145700 (2011 Census)|
|Wales||Monmouthshire||850 km2 (330 sq mi)||91,300 (2011)|
|Scotland||Inverclyde||60 sq mi (160 km2)||81,000 (2010 est.)|
|Scotland||West Dunbartonshire||61 sq mi (159 km2)||91,000 (2010 est.)|
|Scotland||Renfrewshire||101 sq mi (261 km2)||175,000 (2010 est.)|
|Scotland||East Dunbartonshire||68 sq mi (175 km2)||105,000 (2010 est.)|
|Scotland||Glasgow||175.5 km2 (67.8 sq mi)||599,650 (2015)|
|Scotland||East Renfrewshire||67 sq mi (174 km2)||91,000 (2010 est.)|
|Scotland||North Lanarkshire||180 sq mi (470 km2)||338,000 (2010 est.)|
|Scotland||Falkirk||11 km2 (4.2 sq mi)||35,168 (2010)|
|Scotland||Clackmannanshire||61 sq mi (159 km2)||51,000 (2010 est.)|
|Scotland||West Lothian||165 sq mi (427 km2)||175,000 (2010 est.)|
|Scotland||Edinburgh||264 km2 (102 sq mi)||464,990 - Urban Area 492,680 - Local Authority Area (2014)|
|Scotland||Midlothian||137 sq mi (354 km2)||83,000 (2010 est.)|
|Scotland||East Lothian||262 sq mi (679 km2)||100,000 (2010 est.)|