Asia MapThe Earth has seven continents, and Asia is the largest, both in terms of area and population. Europe and Africa are located to the West of Asia. Oceania is situated to its South and North America to its East. Asia consists of 48 countries. Because Asia's borders are not finite, some countries that are located on the continent's western border are, sometimes included in Asia, and other times in Europe. These include Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia. Russia and Turkey are located in both Europe and Asia. The continent comprises diverse climatic conditions ranging from tropical in southern India and Southeast Asia, to arctic and sub-arctic in Siberia.
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Asia ContinentAsia is the largest continent in the world, both in size and population. Asia covers an area of 17,212,000 sq. miles with a population of 4.4 billion, which is about 60% of the world's population. Asia consists of a total of 48 countries, some of which are Myanmar, China, Kazakhstan, India, Cambodia, Pakistan, North Korea, South Korea, Japan, Philippines, Thailand, Taiwan, Vietnam, Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Mongolia, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, and the Middle Eastern Nations of Yemen, Oman, Israel, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Jordon. Russia and Turkey are two countries that span across both Asia and Europe. The average literacy rate of Asia is 65.5%, and the principal languages spoken in this region are Chinese, Bengali, Hindi, Punjabi, Javanese, Japanese, Korean, and Urdu. The major religions are; Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, Christianity, Shintoism, Zoroastrianism, and Taoism.
A Brief History of AsiaThere are two theories regarding the origin of the word Asia. One considers it to be the derivative of an Ancient Greek word, "Aơiα", which was first associated to the Persian Wars in 440 BC. But, initially, it was thought to refer to the east bank of the Aegean Sea - the area which was famous for being related to Hittites as "Assuwa." Another idea is that the word Asia is derived from the word "Asu," which means "rising," or "light," referring to the sunrise. Loosely translated, Asia means the "Eastern Land," from which the sun rises.
History shows that Asia has been under the rule of various kings during different eras. History has recorded that a wise king, Chandra Gupta Maurya, a former slave, became the founder of the Maurya Dynasty. Maurya died in 297 BCE, after becoming known in the Hellenistic world for defeating Seleucus I Nicator. Another famous and well-loved king of those times was King Ashoka, the grandchild of Chandra Gupta Maurya.
King Ashoka died in 232 BCE. Another golden era in the history of Asia was the era of Muslim rulers, from 632 AD until the Ottoman Empire's reign in 1566. Many of the Asian rulers built elaborate monuments during their reign which are considered masterpieces and visited by millions of people to this day.
Culture and People of AsiaThe people of Asia are best known for their attractive features and the simplicity in their ways of living. In the Asian cultures, having guests is considered an honor, and they are treated with great respect - so generally, Asian are seen to be very open-hearted and generous towards their guests.
Asian people also love culture, art, music, literature, and philosophy. In Asian cultures, people generally strictly follow their religious values.
Geography of AsiaThe huge landmass of Asia is made up of numerous rivers, lakes, mountains, deserts, and other physical features. Asia, which is the world's largest and most populous continent, is a part of the Eurasian supercontinent and makes up its eastern part. The western part forms Europe. Asia is surrounded by three oceans – Pacific Ocean, Arctic Ocean, and the Indian Ocean.
The Himalayan Range, which is home to the earth's highest mountain – Mount Everest (8,850 meters) – includes more than 50 mountains which have a height of about 7,200 meters. The Himalayas, which covers an area of 236,000 square miles, is spread over five countries – India, Bhutan, Nepal, China, and Pakistan. Some major rivers that rise from here are the Ganges, Indus, and Tsangpo-Brahmaputra. Apart from Mount Everest, other major mountains in Asia are K2, Kangchenjunga, Mount Carmel, Mount Kailash, Nanda Devi, etc.
Some of the world's largest deserts are located in Asia. These include the Gobi desert in Central Asia and the Arabian & Syrian Deserts in West Asia. The Ob River at 1.15 million square miles is the largest watershed in Asia. There are a number of plateaus in Asia. The Iranian plateau, which encompasses the countries of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Iran, covers an area of 1.4 million square miles. The Deccan Plateau with an elevation of 600 meters comprises most of South India. There's also Tibetan Plateau which is popularly known as the Rooftop of the World.
The West Siberian Plain is considered one of the largest area of continuous flatland in the world. Located in central Russia, it extends some 1,500 miles north to south and 1,200 miles west to east. Lake Baikal is the world's deepest lake. Situated in the southern part of Russia, it reaches a depth of 1,620 meters. With a length of 3,915 miles, Yangtze is the world's third longest river and the longest in Asia.
The largest countries in Asia are Russia, China, India, and Kazakhstan. The smallest are Maldives, Singapore, Bahrain, and Brunei.
The estimated area encompassed by Asia is 44,000,000 sq. km (about 16988495 square miles), which makes it the biggest continent on the planet. Consequently, the geography varies across the continent. Nature wonders like Gobi desert and the towering snow-capped peaks of the Himalayas are just a few of the gems. Rivers and lakes are also aplenty.
Asia is not sharply divided by Europe. It is only an imaginary line that marks the boundary, connecting the Ural Mountains, Ural River, Caspian Sea, and the Caucasus Mountains.
The most prominent name among the Asian mountain systems is that of the Himalayas. The range covers at least 2,400 km and divides the Indian subcontinent from Tibetan Plateau. Asia also has the world's highest mountain peaks: Mount Everest and K2. The mountain range has about 15,000 glaciers and also has a number of freshwater sources.
Other mountain ranges in the continent are Pamir Mountains, Hindu Kush, Caucasus Mountains, and more.
Located in China, the Yangtze River (measuring 6,418 km (3988 miles) is the longest in Asia and third-longest in the world. Another major river important to economy and culture of China is the Yellow River and is popularly known as the "Cradle of Chinese Civilization".
The Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Indus are other noteworthy rivers.
The Arabian Peninsula is dominated by the Arabian Desert. Spread over 2,330,000 sq. km (899618 sq. mi), it is arid and massive. The main natural resources found in this desert are natural gas, phosphates, sulfur, and oil.
Another prominent desert is the Gobi Desert, touching parts of China and Mongolia. Unlike the Arabian Desert, it is a cold desert which means that it often sees snowfall. However, it also exhibits wild fluctuations of temperature, even within a single day.
The Caspian Sea is surrounded by Iran, Russia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, and Turkmenistan and is considered the largest lake on the planet. It has no outflows and covers an area of 371,000 sq. km (143243.901 sq. miles).
Other lakes in Asia are: Lake Toba, Dal Lake, Poyang Lake, and others.
Tourism in Asia
Asia has a plenty of world-renowned monuments that can give anybody a glimpse back into history. Snow-capped mountains, meandering rivers, never-ending deserts, and sparkling lakes, are just the part of the prelude to the boundless beauty of Asia.
Some of the top tourist destinations in the continent are the Great Wall of China, Burj Al Arab, Taj Mahal, Petronas Twin Towers, and more.
Some of the tourist favorites are Hong Kong, India, Philippines, China, Thailand, and Japan.
Interesting Facts about Asia:
- It is the largest continent in the world.
- Asia is the name of Titan Goddess of Lydia in Greek mythology.
- It is the most populous continent on the planet.
- It is bounded by 3 oceans: Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, and the Arctic Ocean.
|Asia Geography Facts|
|Largest Urban Area||Tokyo-Yokohama, Japan (37.8 million people)|
|Highest Elevation||Mount Everest, Nepal: 8,848 meters/29,029 feet|
|Largest Watershed||Ob River (3 million square kilometers/1.15 million square miles)|
|Population Density||225 people per square mile|
|Largest desert in Asia||Gobi desert|
|Longest river in Asia||Yangtze (3,915 miles)|
|Major Countries in Asia|
|Russia Map||South Korea Map||Malaysia Map|
|India Map||Singapore Map||Map of Israel|
|Japan Map||Saudi Arabia Map||China Map|
|Asia Thematic Maps|
|More About Asia|
|Asia Fast Facts||Country Profiles of Asian Countries||South East Asia|
|Infographic of Asia Facts||Geography of Asia||South Asia Geography|
|Flag of Asia||Wall Map of Asia||List of Asian Countries|
|Major Cities in Asia|
|Tokyo Map||Bangkok Map||Kuala Lumpur Map|
|Shanghai Map||Singapore Map||Bangalore Map|
|Delhi Map||Hong Kong Map||Hyderabad Map|
|Moscow Map||Mumbai Map||Chennai Map|
|Dubai Map||Istanbul Map||Kolkata Map|
|Beijing Map||Seoul Map|
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