What Countries have Won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine?

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What Countries have Won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine?

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Nobel Prize in Medicine


In 2018, two well-known immunologists have won Nobel Peace Prize in medicine for their unique and fresh approach for treatment of the deadly disease – Cancer. American James P Allison and Tasuku Honjo from Kyoto, Japan did research which helped in unleashing advancement in immunotherapy, bringing out knowledge on the significance of immune system when cancer occurs.

Life expectancies are increasing and mortality rates are declining around the world. The pharmaceutical industry through its innovation and development are improving the health sector. Over the years, the contribution of the medical industry has been tremendous. Now vaccines for polio, measles, H1N1 flu, influenza, cholera, are readily available in most countries, which earlier costed the lives of many people.

These medical achievements are worth treasuring and they are honored by the esteemed Nobel Prize.

The Nobel Prize is the top-award and was started by the will of Alfred Nobel, a Swedish chemist, engineer, and philanthropist, renowned for inventing dynamite. The award has been making a mark since 1901 when it was first awarded to Emil Adolf von Behring. Between 1901 and 2017, the prize has been awarded 108 times to 214 Nobel Laureates. In addition to medicine, the award is also given in the fields of chemistry, physics, economics, literature, and peace.

Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm awards the prize in an annual event on December 10th, that marks the death anniversary of Alfred Nobel. Following is the list of all the Nobel Prize winners, with the countries to which they were affiliated when they received the award.

Year Name Country
2018  James P Allison United States
2018 Tasuku Honjo Japan
2017 Jeffrey C. Hall United States
2017 Michael Rosbash United States
2017 Michael W. Young United States
2016 Yoshinori Ohsumi Japan
2015 William C. Campbell United States
2015 Satoshi Ōmura Japan
2015 Tu Youyou China
2014 John O’Keefe United Kingdom
2014 May-Britt Moser Norway
2014 Edvard I. Moser Norway
2013 James E. Rothman United States
2013 Randy W. Schekman United States
2013 Thomas C. Südhof United States
2012 Sir John B. Gurdon United Kingdom
2012 Shinya Yamanaka Japan
2011 Bruce A. Beutler United States
2011 Jules A. Hoffmann France
2011 Ralph M. Steinman Canada
2010 Sir Robert G. Edwards United Kingdom
2009 Carol W. Greider United States
2009 Jack W. Szostak United States
2009 Elizabeth H. Blackburn United States
2008 Harald zur Hausen Germany
2008 Françoise Barré-Sinoussi France
2008 Luc Montagnier France
2007 Oliver Smithies United States
2007 Mario R. Capecchi United States
2007 Sir Martin J. Evans United Kingdom
2006 Andrew Z. Fire United States
2006 Craig C. Mello United States
2005 Barry J. Marshall Australia
2005 J. Robin Warren Australia
2004 Richard Axel United States
2004 Linda B. Buck United States
2003 Paul Lauterbur United States
2003 Sir Peter Mansfield United Kingdom
2002 H. Robert Horvitz United States
2002 Sir John E. Sulston United Kingdom
2002 Sydney Brenner South Africa
2001 Leland H. Hartwell United States
2001 Sir Tim Hunt United Kingdom
2001 Sir Paul M. Nurse United Kingdom
2000 Paul Greengard United States
2000 Eric R. Kandel United States
2000 Arvid Carlsson Sweden
1999 Günter Blobel United States
1998 Robert F. Furchgott United States
1998 Louis J. Ignarro United States
1998 Ferid Murad United States
1997 Stanley B. Prusiner United States
1996 Peter C. Doherty Australia
1995 Edward B. Lewis United States
1995 Eric F. Wieschaus United States
1995 Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard Germany
1994 Alfred G. Gilman United States
1994 Martin Rodbell United States
1993 Phillip A. Sharp United States
1993 Sir Richard J. Roberts United Kingdom
1992 Edmond H. Fischer United States
1992 Edwin G. Krebs United States
1991 Erwin Neher Germany
1991 Bert Sakmann Germany
1990 Joseph E. Murray United States
1990 E. Donnall Thomas United States
1989 J. Michael Bishop United States
1989 Harold E. Varmus United States
1988 Gertrude B. Elion United States
1988 George H. Hitchings United States
1988 Sir James W. Black United Kingdom
1987 Susumu Tonegawa Japan
1986 Stanley Cohen United States
1986 Rita Levi-Montalcini Italy
1985 Michael S. Brown United States
1985 Joseph L. Goldstein United States
1984 César Milstein United Kingdom
1984 Georges J.F. Köhler West Germany
1984 Niels K. Jerne Denmark
1983 Barbara McClintock United States
1982 Sir John R. Vane United Kingdom
1982 Sune K. Bergström Sweden
1982 Bengt I. Samuelsson Sweden
1981 Roger W. Sperry United States
1981 Torsten N. Wiesel Sweden
1981 David H. Hubel Canada
1980 George D. Snell United States
1980 Jean Dausset France
1980 Baruj Benacerraf Venezuela
1979 Sir Godfrey N. Hounsfield United Kingdom
1979 Allan M. Cormack South Africa
1978 Daniel Nathans United States
1978 Hamilton O. Smith United States
1977 Andrew V. Schally United States
1977 Roger Guillemin United States
1977 Rosalyn Yalow United States
1976 Baruch S. Blumberg United States
1976 D. Carleton Gajdusek United States
1975 David Baltimore United States
1975 Howard Martin Temin United States
1975 Renato Dulbecco United Kingdom
1974 Albert Claude Belgium
1974 Christian de Duve Belgium
1974 George E. Palade Romania
1973 Karl von Frisch West Germany
1973 Konrad Lorenz Austria
1973 Nikolaas Tinbergen Netherlands
1972 Gerald M. Edelman United States
1972 Rodney R. Porter United Kingdom
1971 Earl W. Sutherland, Jr. United States
1970 Julius Axelrod United States
1970 Sir Bernard Katz United Kingdom
1970 Ulf von Euler Sweden
1969 Salvador E. Luria United States
1969 Max Delbrück United States
1969 Alfred D. Hershey United States
1968 Har Gobind Khorana United States
1968 Robert W. Holley United States
1968 Marshall W. Nirenberg United States
1967 Haldan Keffer Hartline United States
1967 George Wald United States
1967 Ragnar Granit Sweden
1966 Peyton Rous United States
1966 Charles Brenton Huggins United States
1965 François Jacob France
1965 André Lwoff France
1965 Jacques Monod France
1964 Konrad Bloch United States
1964 Feodor Lynen West Germany
1963 Sir Alan Lloyd Hodgkin United Kingdom
1963 Sir Andrew Fielding Huxley United Kingdom
1963 Sir John Carew Eccles Australia
1962 James Dewey Watson United States
1962 Maurice Hugh Frederick Wilkins United Kingdom
1962 Francis Harry Compton Crick United Kingdom
1961 Georg von Békésy United States
1960 Sir Peter Brian Medawar United Kingdom
1960 Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet Australia
1959 Arthur Kornberg United States
1959 Severo Ochoa United States
1958 George Wells Beadle United States
1958 Edward Lawrie Tatum United States
1958 Joshua Lederberg United States
1957 Daniel Bovet Italy
1956 André Frédéric Cournand United States
1956 Dickinson W. Richards United States
1956 Werner Forssmann West Germany
1955 Axel Hugo Theodor Theorell Sweden
1954 John Franklin Enders United States
1954 Frederick Chapman Robbins United States
1954 Thomas Huckle Weller United States
1953 Fritz Albert Lipmann United States
1953 Sir Hans Adolf Krebs United Kingdom
1952 Selman Abraham Waksman United States
1951 Max Theiler South Africa
1950 Philip Showalter Hench United States
1950 Edward Calvin Kendall United States
1949 António Caetano Egas Moniz Portugal
1947 Carl Ferdinand Cori United States
1947 Gerty Theresa Cori, née Radnitz United States
1947 Bernardo Alberto Houssay Argentina
1946 Hermann Joseph Muller United States
1945 Sir Alexander Fleming United Kingdom
1945 Sir Ernst Boris Chain United Kingdom
1945 Howard Walter Florey Australia
1944 Joseph Erlanger United States
1944 Herbert Spencer Gasser United States
1943 Edward Adelbert Doisy United States
1943 Carl Peter Henrik Dam Denmark
1939 Gerhard Domagk Germany
1938 Corneille Jean François Heymans Belgium
1937 Albert Szent-Györgyi von Nagyrapolt Hungary
1936 Sir Henry Hallett Dale United Kingdom
1936 Otto Loewi Austria
1935 Hans Spemann Germany
1934 George Hoyt Whipple United States
1934 George Richards Minot United States
1934 William Parry Murphy United States
1933 Thomas Hunt Morgan United States
1932 Sir Charles Scott Sherrington United Kingdom
1932 Edgar Douglas Adrian United Kingdom
1931 Otto Heinrich Warburg Germany
1930 Karl Landsteiner Austria
1929 Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins United Kingdom
1929 Christiaan Eijkman Netherlands
1928 Charles Jules Henri Nicolle France
1927 Julius Wagner-Jauregg Austria
1926 Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger Denmark
1924 Willem Einthoven Netherlands
1923 John James Rickard Macleod United Kingdom
1923 Sir Frederick Grant Banting Canada
1922 Archibald Vivian Hill United Kingdom
1922 Otto Fritz Meyerhof Germany
1920 Schack August Steenberg Krogh Denmark
1919 Jules Bordet Belgium
1914 Robert Bárány Austria
1913 Charles Richet France
1912 Alexis Carrel France
1911 Allvar Gullstrand Sweden
1910 Albrecht Kossel Germany
1908 Paul Ehrlich Germany
1908 Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov Russia
1907 Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran France
1906 Camillo Golgi Italy
1906 Santiago Ramón y Cajal Spain
1905 Robert Koch Germany
1904 Ivan Petrovich Pavlov Russia
1903 Niels Ryberg Finsen Denmark
1902 Sir Ronald Ross United Kingdom
1901 Emil Adolf von Behring Germany

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