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Spanish settlers began establishing a chain of missions in the region that is now Texas in around 1690. The native people of the area fought against European settlement, creating hostile conditions. The United States claimed the territory as part of the Louisiana Purchase. In the Mexican War of Independence in 1821, Mexico regained the Texas territory. The Texas Revolution in 1835 led to the state's independence as the Republic of Texas. Texas was annexed by the United States, becoming a state on December 29, 1845.
Economy of Texas
Texas has the second highest GDP in the nation, and by itself has one of the largest economies in the world. Agriculture is a major part of the economy of Texas, leading the United States in cattle, sheep, goats, and cotton. Energy is another major sector of the economy in which Texas excels, with about a quarter of the country's petroleum reserves, and the highest wind power production nationwide. The technology sector of Texas is also thriving.
- Texas is the only state to fly the flags of six nations that have governed the region: Spain, France, Mexico, Republic of Texas, Confederacy, and the United States.
- Texas emits the most greenhouse gases of any state. If Texas were a nation, it would be the 7th largest producer of greenhouse gases.
- Texas has the most farms of any state in the country, leading the United States in livestock and cotton production.
- Texas is home to Dell and Compaq computers, and central Texas is sometimes referred to as the Silicon Valley of the South.
- The state bird of Texas is the mockingbird, and the state flower is the Bluebonnet.
Last Updated On : April 18, 2013
Area268581 sq mi
CurrencyU.S. Dollar ($)
StatehoodDec 29, 1845
NicknameThe Lone Star State