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Oceania Map

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Oceania Map
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Disclaimer  :  All efforts have been made to make this image accurate. However Compare Infobase Limited, its directors and employees do not own any responsibility for the correctness or authenticity of the same.

About Oceania Map :-Though there is much debate over the definition of Oceania, the Pacific Islands including Australia and New Zealand are consistently included. This map of Australia and Oceania shows the many islands that dot the Pacific Ocean, such as Vanuatu, Fiji, Tuvalu, Samoa, Marshall Islands, Nauru, and the Solomon Islands.




The 14 countries in the region are: Australia, Papua New Guinea.New Zealand, Fiji, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Samoa, Kiribati, Tonga, Federation of Micronesia, Marshall Islands, Palau, Nauru and Tuvalu

The 2 non-UN member countries are: Cook Islands and Niue

The 23 UN recognized dependent territories are: American Samoa, Ashmore and Cartier Islands, Baker Island, Coral Sea Islands, Easter Island, French Polynesia, Guam, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, New Caledonia, Norfolk Island, Northern Mariana Islands, Ogasawara Village, Palmyra Atoll, Papua Pitcairn Islands, Tokelau, Wake Island, Wallis and Futuna, and West Papua.

Despite the large number of countries and territories, Oceania is the smallest continental grouping in land area. It is the second least populated grouping, after the continent of Antarctica. 40 million people are inhabited in the region.

HISTORY

It was between 50,000 and 30,000 years ago, that the earliest inhabitants arrived in Oceania. The first settlements were witnessed in Australia, New Guinea, and the large islands on the eastern side of Oceania. Europeans began their explorations in the 16th century. Between 1512 and 1526, Portuguese explorers arrived at the Tanimbar Islands, few of the Caroline Islands and west Papua New Guinea. In 18th century, James Cook, reached the Tahiti and east coast of Australia, on his first voyage. However, the major attention was brought to the Pacific region during the Second World War, owing to the rivalry between Allied Powers (United States and Australia), and Axis powers (Japan). Since, the social and political norms were altered because of the explorations, plenty discussions are being carried out recently by Oceanians, to have their individualistic identity and their own flag.

GEOGRAPHY

The islands situated on the geographic extremes of Oceania are:
  • Bonin Islands - a politically integral part of Japan
  • Clipperton Island – possessed by France
  • Juan Fernández Islands – a part of Insular Chile
  • Campbell Islands- administrated by New Zealand.

The islands sustain four basic types: continental islands, high islands, coral reefs and uplifted coral platform. Owing to the volcanic origin of High Islands, numerous active volcanoes are located here. Bougainville, and Solomon Islands are some of the examples of these High Islands. The Great Barrier Reef in Australia is one of the coral reefs, sustaining chains of reef patches because they are stacked on dramatic lava flowing under the surface of the ocean.
  • Melanesia
    It stretches from New Guinea island in the southwestern Pacific Ocean to the Arafura Sea. Moving on the east side is extends to Fiji.
  • Micronesia
    The region lies on the north of equator and West of the International Date Line, comprising thousands of small islands, located in the Pacific Ocean.
  • Polynesia
    The region includes islands located in the central and southern Pacific Ocean.
  • Australasia
    It comprises Australia, New Zealand (also a part of Polynesia), neighboring islands in the Pacific Ocean and the island of New Guinea (also included in region of Melanesia).

Countries and subregions of geopolitical Oceania which are categorized according to the geographic subregions used by the UN.

Name of region with countryArea km2Population 2016Capital
Australasia
Ashmore and Cartier Islands (Australia)199  
Australia76,86,8502,41,25,848Canberra
Coral Sea Islands (Australia)104 
New Zealand2,68,68046,60,833Wellington
Norfolk Island (Australia)352,302Kingston
Melanesia
Fiji18,2708,98,760Suva
New Caledonia (France)19,0602,72,677Nouméa
Papua (Indonesia)3,19,03634,86,432Jayapura
West Papua (Indonesia)1,40,3757,60,855Manokwari
Papua New Guinea4,62,84080,84,991Port Moresby
Solomon Islands28,4505,99,419Honiara
Vanuatu12,2002,70,402Port Vila
Micronesia
Federated States of Micronesia7021,04,937Palikir
Guam (United States)5491,62,896Hagåtña
Kiribati8111,14,395South Tarawa
Marshall Islands18153,066Majuro
Nauru2111,347Yaren (de facto)
Northern Mariana Islands (United States)47755,023Saipan
Palau45821,503Ngerulmud
Wake Island (United States)2150Wake Island
Polynesia
American Samoa (United States)19955,599Pago Pago, Fagatogo
Cook Islands (New Zealand)24017,379Avarua
Easter Island (Chile)1645,761Hanga Roa
French Polynesia (France)4,1672,80,208Papeete
Niue (New Zealand)2601,624Alofi
Pitcairn Islands (United Kingdom)4747Adamstown
Samoa2,9441,95,125Apia
Tokelau (New Zealand)101,282Nukunonu
Tonga7481,07,122Nuku?alofa
Tuvalu2611,097Funafuti
Wallis and Futuna (France)27411,899Mata-Utu
Total89,19,5304,57,25,020 
Total (Excluding mainland Australia)12,32,6802,15,99,172

ECONOMY

Ranging from the highly developed Australia and New Zealand, to the islands of Palau, Fiji and Tonga which entail medium sized economies, to countries like Kiribati and Tuvalu which are less developed – diverse economies are present in the region of Oceania.
Tourism industry also benefits the economy of the countries and islands in the region. People from Japan, the USA and the United Kingdom visit Oceania the most. Fiji Islands draw around 500,000 tourists. Vanuatu is known for its scuba-diving attractions as adventurers love to explore the rich coral reefs in the South Pacific region. Australia and New Zealand have also witnessed tourism being the significant component of its thriving economy. Australia observed around 7.4 million tourists in 2015 and in New Zealand, around 7.3 million people visited in 2013.

Other important facts about Oceania:

  • The longest continuously practiced artistic tradition in the world, is none other than the Rock Art of Australian Aborigines.
  • Puncak Jaya in Papua is termed as the highest peak in Oceania
  • Australia has the most diverse flora in the region, as there are tropical rainforests in the north-east, mountain ranges in the south-east, south-west and east, and dry desert in the center of the country.


Last Updated on: November 28th, 2018

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