Types of Governments

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Mouse over on the country to know about the type of government and other details

ColorGovernment Type
Transitional government
Federal democratic Republic
Constitutional monarchy and commonwealth realm
Federal Parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm
Democratic Constitutional Republic
Constitutional emirate
Emerging federal democratic Republic
Operates under a transitional government
Military junta
Constitutional Republic
A parliamentary democracy, a federation, and a constitutional monarchy
Federal Republic
Constitutional democracy
Theocratic Republic
Multiparty democracy under a constitutional monarchy
Constitution-based Federal Republic; strong democratic tradition
A parliamentary government with a constitutional monarchy
ColorGovernment Type
Communist state
Democratic Republic
Federal government
Federal Parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy
Islamic Republic
Federated Parliamentary Republic
Secular democracy and a presidential Republic
Constitutional democratic Republic
formally a confederation but similar in structure to a Federal Republic
Parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
Constitutional sultanate (locally known as Malay Islamic Monarchy)
Multiparty democracy
Constitutional Parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm

List of Current President and Prime Ministers of Countries of the World

CountryGovt TypeHead of StateHead of Government
Afghanistan Presidential Islamic republicPresident - Ashraf Ghani Chief Executive Officer - Abdullah Abdullah
AlbaniaParliamentary republicPresident - Bujar NishaniPrime Minister - Edi Rama
AlgeriaPresidential republicPresident - Abdelaziz BouteflikaPrime Minister - Abdelmalek Sellal
AndorraUnitary parliamentary Semi-Elective diarchyEpiscopal Co-Prince - Joan Enric Vives Sicília
Co-Prince's Representative - Josep Maria Mauri
French Co-Prince - François Hollande
Co-Prince's Representative - Jean-Pierre Hugues
Head of Government - Antoni Martí
AngolaPresidential republicPresident - Jose Eduardo dos Santos  
Antigua and BarbudaParliamentary democracy (Parliament) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realmQueen - Elizabeth II, Governor-General - Sir Rodney WilliamsPrime Minister - Gaston Browne
ArgentinaPresidential republicPresident - Mauricio Macri  
ArmeniaSemi-presidential republicPresident - Serzh SargsyanPrime Minister - Karen Karapetyan
AustraliaParliamentary democracy (Federal Parliament) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realmQueen - Elizabeth II, Governor-General - Sir Peter CosgrovePrime Minister - Malcolm Turnbull
AustriaFederal parliamentary republicFederal President - Alexander Van der BellenFederal Chancellor - Christian Kern
AzerbaijanPresidential republicPresident - Ilham AliyevPrime Minister - Artur Rasizade
Bahamas,TheParliamentary democracy (Parliament) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realmQueen - Elizabeth II, Governor-General - Dame Marguerite Pindling Prime Minister - Perry Christie
BahrainConstitutional monarchyKing - Sheikh Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Prime Minister - Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa
BangladeshParliamentary republicPresident - Abdul Hamid Prime Minister - Sheikh Hasina
BarbadosParliamentary democracy (Parliament) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realmQueen - Elizabeth II, Governor-General - Sir Elliott BelgravePrime Minister - Freundel Stuart
BelarusPresidential republic in name, although in fact a dictatorshipPresident - Alexander LukashenkoPrime Minister - Andrei Kobyakov
BelgiumFederal parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchyKing - Philippe Prime Minister - Charles Michel
BelizeParliamentary democracy (National Assembly) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realmQueen - Elizabeth II, Governor-General - Sir Colville YoungPrime Minister - Dean Barrow
BeninPresidential republicPresident - Patrice Talon  
BhutanConstitutional monarchyKing - Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck Prime Minister - Tshering Tobgay
BoliviaPresidential republicPresident - Evo Morales  
Bosnia and HerzegovinaParliamentary republicMladen Ivanic (as Chairman), Dragan Covic (as Member) Bakir Izetbegović (as Member) Chairman of the Council of Ministers - Denis Zvizdic
BotswanaParliamentary republicPresident - Ian Khama  
BrazilFederal presidential republicPresident - Michel Temer 
BruneiAbsolute monarchy or sultanate (locally known as Malay Islamic Monarchy)Sultan and Prime Minister - Hassanal Bolkiah 
BulgariaParliamentary republicPresident - Rumen RadevActing Prime Minister - Ognyan Gerdzhikov
Burkina FasoPresidential republicPresident - Roch Marc Christian KaborePrime Minister - Paul Kaba Thieba
BurundiPresidential republicPresident - Pierre Nkurunziza  
CambodiaParliamentary constitutional monarchyKing - Norodom Sihamoni Prime Minister - Hun Sen
CameroonPresidential republicPresident - Paul Biya Prime Minister - Philemon Yang
CanadaFederal parliamentary democracy (Parliament of Canada) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realmQueen - Elizabeth II, Governor General - David JohnstonPrime Minister - Justin Trudeau
Cape VerdeUnitary semi-presidential republic President - Jorge Carlos FonsecaPrime Minister - Ulisses Correia e Silva
Central African RepublicPresidential republicPresident - Faustin-Archange TouaderaPrime Minister - Simplice Sarandji
ChadPresidential republicPresident - Idriss DebyPrime Minister - Albert Pahimi Padacke
ChilePresidential republicPresident - Michelle Bachelet  
ChinaCommunist statePresident - Xi Jinping Premier of the State Council - Li Keqiang
ColombiaPresidential republicPresident - Juan Manuel Santos 
ComorosFederal presidential republicPresident - Azali Assoumani 
Congo,Democratic Republic of theSemi-presidential republicPresident - Joseph Kabila Prime Minister - Samy Badibanga
Congo,Republic of thePresidential republicPresident - Denis Sassou NguessoPrime Minister - Clement Mouamba
Costa RicaPresidential republicPresident - Luis Guillermo Solís 
CroatiaParliamentary republicPresident - Kolinda Grabar-KitarovicPrime Minister - Andrej Plenkovic
CubaCommunist stateFirst Secretary of the Communist Party - Raul Castro 
CyprusUnitary presidential constitutional republicPresident - Nicos Anastasiades 
Czech RepublicUnitary parliamentary constitutional republicPresident - Milos Zeman Prime Minister - Bohuslav Sobotka
DenmarkParliamentary constitutional monarchyQueen - Margrethe II Prime Minister - Lars Lokke Rasmussen
DjiboutiSemi-presidential republicPresident - Ismaïl Omar Guelleh Prime Minister - Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed
DominicaParliamentary republicPresident - Charles Savarin Prime Minister - Roosevelt Skerrit
Dominican RepublicPresidential republicPresident - Danilo Medina 
East Timor President - Taur Matan Ruak Prime Minister - Rui Maria de Araujo
EcuadorPresidential republicPresident - Rafael Correa 
EgyptPresidential republicPresident - Abdel Fattah el-Sisi Prime Minister - Sherif Ismail
El SalvadorPresidential republicPresident - Salvador Sanchez Ceren 
Equatorial GuineaPresidential republicPresident - Teodoro Obiang Nguema MbasogoPrime Minister - Francisco Pascual Obama Asue
EritreaPresidential republicPresident - Isaias Afwerki 
EstoniaParliamentary republicPresident - Kersti Kaljulaid Prime Minister - Juri Ratas
EthiopiaFederal parliamentary republicPresident - Mulatu Teshome Prime Minister - Hailemariam Desalegn
FijiParliamentary republicPresident - George Konrote Prime Minister - Frank Bainimarama
FinlandParliamentary republicPresident - Sauli NiinistoPrime Minister - Juha Sipila
FranceSemi-presidential republicPresident - Emmanuel MacronPrime Minister - Édouard Philippe
GabonPresidential republicPresident - Ali Bongo OndimbaPrime Minister - Emmanuel Issoze-Ngondet
Gambia,ThePresidential republicPresident - Adama Barrow 
GeorgiaSemi-presidential republicPresident - Giorgi Margvelashvili Prime Minister - Giorgi Kvirikashvili
GermanyFederal parliamentary republicPresident - Frank-Walter SteinmeierChancellor - Angela Merkel
GhanaPresidential republicPresident - Nana Akufo-Addo 
GreeceParliamentary republicPresident - Prokopis Pavlopoulos Prime Minister - Alexis Tsipras
GrenadaParliamentary democracy under constitutional monarchyQueen - Elizabeth II, Governor-General - Dame Cecile La GrenadePrime Minister - Keith Mitchell
GuatemalaPresidential republicPresident - Jimmy Morales 
GuineaPresidential republicPresident - Alpha CondePrime Minister - Mamady Youla
Guinea-BissauSemi-presidential republicPresident - Jose Mario Vaz Prime Minister - Umaro Sissoco Embalo
GuyanaParliamentary republicPresident - David A. GrangerPrime Minister - Moses Nagamootoo
HaitiSemi-presidential republicPresident - Jovenel Moïse Prime Minister - Jack Guy Lafontant
HondurasPresidential republicPresident - Juan Orlando Hernandez 
HungaryParliamentary republicPresident - Janos Ader Prime Minister - Viktor Orban
IcelandParliamentary republicPresident - Guoni Th. Johannesson Prime Minister - Bjarni Benediktsson
IndiaFederal parliamentary republicPresident - Ram Nath KovindPrime Minister - Narendra Modi
IndonesiaPresidential republicPresident - Joko Widodo 
IranTheocratic republicSupreme Leader - Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, President - Hassan Rouhani 
IraqFederal parliamentary republicPresident - Fuad Masum Prime Minister - Haider al-Abadi
IrelandParliamentary republicPresident - Michael D. Higgins Taoiseach - Enda Kenny
IsraelParliamentary democracyPresident - Reuven Rivlin Prime Minister - Benjamin Netanyahu
ItalyParliamentary republicPresident - Sergio Mattarella Prime Minister - Paolo Gentiloni
Ivory Coast President - Alassane OuattaraPrime Minister - Amadou Gon Coulibaly
JamaicaUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyQueen - Elizabeth II, Governor-General - Sir Patrick AllenPrime Minister - Andrew Holness
JapanParliamentary constitutional monarchyEmperor - Akihito Prime Minister - Shinzo Abe
JordanParliamentary constitutional monarchyKing - AbdullahPrime Minister - Hani Al-Mulki
KazakhstanPresidential republicPresident - Nursultan Nazarbayev Prime Minister - Bakhytzhan Sagintayev
KenyaPresidential republicPresident - Uhuru Kenyatta 
KiribatiPresidential republicPresident - Taneti Mamau 
KuwaitConstitutional monarchyEmir - Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Prime Minister - Sheikh Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah
KyrgyzstanParliamentary republicPresident - Almazbek Atambayev Prime Minister - Sooronbay Jeenbekov
LaosCommunist statePresident - Bounnhang Vorachith Prime Minister - Thongloun Sisoulith
LatviaParliamentary republicPresident - Raimonds Vejonis Prime Minister - Maris Kucinskis
LebanonParliamentary republicPresident - Michel Aoun Prime Minister - Saad Hariri
LesothoParliamentary constitutional monarchyKing - Letsie Prime Minister - Pakalitha Mosisili
LiberiaPresidential republicPresident - Ellen Johnson Sirleaf 
LibyaProvisional governmentChairman of the Presidential Council and Prime Minister - Fayez al-Sarraj 
LiechtensteinConstitutional monarchyPrince - Hans-Adam, Regent - Hereditary Prince AloisHead of Government - Adrian Hasler
LithuaniaSemi-presidential republicPresident - Dalia GrybauskaitePrime Minister - Saulius Skvernelis
LuxembourgConstitutional monarchyGrand Duke - Henri Prime Minister - Xavier Bettel
MacedoniaParliamentary republicPresident - Gjorge Ivanov Interim Prime Minister - Emil Dimitriev
MadagascarSemi-presidential republicPresident - Hery Rajaonarimampianina Prime Minister - Olivier Mahafaly Solonandrasana
MalawiPresidential republicPresident - Peter Mutharika 
MalaysiaFederal constitutional monarchyYang di-Pertuan Agong - Muhammad V Prime Minister - Mahathir Bin Mohamad
MaldivesPresidential republicPresident - Abdulla Yameen 
MaliSemi-presidential republicPresident - Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta Prime Minister - Modibo Keita
MaltaParliamentary republicPresident - Marie Louise Coleiro Preca Prime Minister - Joseph Muscat
Marshall IslandsPresidential republic in free association with the USPresident - Hilda Heine 
MauritaniaPresidential republicPresident - Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz Prime Minister - Yahya Ould Hademine
MauritiusParliamentary republicPresident - Ameenah Gurib Prime Minister - Pravind Jugnauth
MexicoFederal presidential republicPresident - Enrique Pena Nieto 
MicronesiaFederal parliamentary republic Under a Non-partisan democracyPresident - Peter M. Christian 
MoldovaParliamentary republicPresident - Igor Dodon Prime Minister - Pavel Filip
MonacoConstitutional monarchySovereign Prince - Albert II Minister of State - Serge Telle
MongoliaSemi-presidential republicPresident - Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj Prime Minister - Jargaltulgyn Erdenebat
MontenegroParliamentary republicPresident - Filip VujanovicPrime Minister - Dusko Markovic
MoroccoParliamentary constitutional monarchyKing - Mohammed VI Head of Government - Saadeddine Othmani
MozambiquePresidential republicPresident - Filipe NyusiPrime Minister - Carlos Agostinho do Rosario
MyanmarUnitary parliamentary constitutional republicPresident - Htin KyawState Counsellor - Aung San Suu Kyi
NamibiaPresidential republicPresident - Hage GeingobPrime Minister - Saara Kuugongelwa
NauruParliamentary republicPresident - Baron Waqa 
NepalFederal parliamentary republicPresident - Bidhya Devi Bhandari Prime Minister - Pushpa Kamal Dahal
NetherlandsParliamentary constitutional monarchy; part of the Kingdom of the NetherlandsKing - Willem-Alexander Prime Minister - Mark Rutte
New ZealandUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyQueen - Elizabeth II, Governor-General - Dame Patsy ReddyPrime Minister - Bill English
NicaraguaPresidential republicPresident - Daniel Ortega 
NigerSemi-presidential republicPresident - Mahamadou Issoufou Prime Minister - Brigi Rafini
NigeriaFederal presidential republicPresident - Muhammadu Buhari 
North KoreaUnitary one-party socialist republicSupreme Leader and Chairman of the State Affairs Commission - Kim Jong-unPremier of the Cabinet - Pak Pong-ju
NorwayParliamentary constitutional monarchyKing - Harald V Prime Minister - Erna Solberg
OmanAbsolute monarchySultan and Prime Minister - Qaboos bin Said al Said 
PakistanFederal parliamentary republicPresident - Mamnoon Hussain Prime Minister - Shahid Khaqan Abbasi
PalauPresidential republic in free association with the USPresident - Tommy Remengesau 
PalestineParliamentary republic, semi-presidential multi-party republicPresident - Mahmoud Abbas Prime Minister - Rami Hamdallah
PanamaPresidential republicPresident - Juan Carlos Varela 
Papua New GuineaUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyQueen - Elizabeth II, Governor-General - Bob DadaePrime Minister - Peter O'Neill
ParaguayPresidential republicPresident - Horacio Cartes 
PeruPresidential republicPresident - Pedro Pablo KuczynskiPrime Minister - Fernando Zavala
PhilippinesPresidential republicPresident - Rodrigo Duterte 
PolandParliamentary republicPresident - Andrzej Duda Prime Minister - Beata Szydło
PortugalSemi-presidential republicPresident - Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa Prime Minister - Antonio Costa
QatarAbsolute monarchyEmir - Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Prime Minister - Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani
RomaniaSemi-presidential republicPresident - Klaus Iohannis Prime Minister - Sorin Grindeanu
RussiaSemi-presidential federationPresident - Vladimir Putin Prime Minister - Dmitry Medvedev
RwandaPresidential republicPresident - Paul KagamePrime Minister - Anastase Murekezi
Saint Kitts and NevisFederal parliamentary constitutional monarchyQueen - Elizabeth II, Governor-General - Sir Tapley SeatonPrime Minister - Timothy Harris
Saint LuciaParliamentary democracy under constitutional monarchyQueen - Elizabeth II, Governor-General - Dame Pearlette LouisyPrime Minister - Allen Chastanet
SamoaParliamentary republicO le Ao o le Malo - Tufuga Efi Prime Minister - Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi
San MarinoParliamentary republicCaptain Regent - Marino Riccardi, Captain Regent - Fabio Berardi 
Sao Tome and Principesemi-presidential republicPresident - Evaristo Carvalho Prime Minister - Patrice Trovoada
Saudi ArabiaAbsolute monarchyKing and Prime Minister - Salman 
SenegalPresidential republicPresident - Macky Sall Prime Minister - Mohammed Dionne
SerbiaParliamentary republicPresident - Tomislav NikolicPrime Minister - Aleksandar Vucic
SeychellesPresidential republicPresident - Danny Faure 
Sierra LeonePresidential republicPresident - Ernest Bai Koroma 
SingaporeParliamentary republicPresident - Tony Tan Prime Minister - Lee Hsien Loong
SlovakiaParliamentary republicPresident - Andrej Kiska Prime Minister - Robert Fico
SloveniaParliamentary republicPresident - Borut Pahor Prime Minister - Miro Cerar
Solomon IslandsUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyQueen - Elizabeth II, Governor-General - Sir Frank KabuiPrime Minister - Manasseh Sogavare
SomaliaFederal parliamentary republicPresident - Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed Prime Minister - Hassan Ali Khayre
South AfricaParliamentary republicPresident - Jacob Zuma 
South Korea President and Prime Minister - Hwang Kyo-ahn  
South SudanPresidential republicPresident - Salva Kiir Mayardit 
SpainParliamentary constitutional monarchyKing - Felipe VI President of the Government - Mariano Rajoy
Sri LankaPresidential republicPresident - Maithripala SirisenaPrime Minister - Ranil Wickremesinghe
SudanPresidential republicPresident - Omar al-BashirPrime Minister - Bakri Hassan Saleh
SurinamePresidential republicPresident - Desi Bouterse 
Eswatini(Swaziland)Absolute monarchyKing - Mswati III Prime Minister - Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini
SwedenParliamentary constitutional monarchyKing - Carl XVI Gustaf Prime Minister - Stefan Lofven
SwitzerlandFederal republic (formally a confederation)Doris Leuthard (as President), Alain Berset (as Vice President) Ueli Maurer (as Member) Didier Burkhalter (as Member) Simonetta Sommaruga (as Member) Johann Schneider-Ammann (as Member) Guy Parmelin (as Member)  
SyriaPresidential republic; highly authoritarian regimePresident - Bashar al-Assad Prime Minister - Imad Khamis
TajikistanPresidential republicPresident - Emomali RahmonPrime Minister - Kokhir Rasulzoda
TanzaniaPresidential republicPresident - John MagufuliPrime Minister - Kassim Majaliwa
ThailandConstitutional monarchy; note - interim military-affiliated government since May 2014King - Maha Vajiralongkorn Prime Minister - Prayut Chan-o-cha
TogoPresidential republicPresident - Faure GnassingbePrime Minister - Komi Selom Klassou
TongaConstitutional monarchyKing - Tupou VI Prime Minister - Akilisi Pohiva
Trinidad and TobagoParliamentary republicPresident - Anthony Carmona Prime Minister - Keith Rowley
TunisiaParliamentary republicPresident - Beji Caid Essebsi Head of Government - Youssef Chahed
TurkeyParliamentary republicPresident - Recep Tayyip ErdoganPrime Minister - Binali Yıldırım
TurkmenistanPresidential republic; highly authoritarianPresident - Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow 
TuvaluNon-partisan parliamentary democracy under constitutional monarchyQueen - Elizabeth II, Governor-General - Sir Iakoba ItaleliPrime Minister - Enele Sopoaga
UgandaPresidential republicPresident - Yoweri MuseveniPrime Minister - Ruhakana Rugunda
UkraineSemi-presidential republicPresident - Petro Poroshenko Prime Minister - Volodymyr Groysman
United Arab EmiratesFederation of monarchiesPresident - Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan Prime Minister - Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
United KingdomUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyQueen - Elizabeth IIPrime Minister - Theresa May
United StatesConstitutional federal republicPresident - Donald Trump  
UruguayPresidential republicPresident - Tabare Vazquez 
UzbekistanPresidential republic; highly authoritarianPresident - Shavkat MirziyoyevPrime Minister - Abdulla Aripov
VanuatuParliamentary republicPresident - Baldwin Lonsdale Prime Minister - Charlot Salwai
VenezuelaFederal presidential republicPresident - Nicolas Maduro 
VietnamCommunist statePresident - Tran Dại Quang Prime Minister - Nguyen Xuan Phúc
Yemenin transition (Provisional government)President - Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi Prime Minister - Ahmed Obeid bin Daghr
ZambiaPresidential republicPresident - Edgar Lungu 
ZimbabweSemi-presidential republicPresident - Emmerson Mnangagwa

Last Updated on: February 22, 2020

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