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Types of Governments

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ColorGovernment Type
Transitional government
Federation
Federal democratic Republic
Constitutional monarchy and commonwealth realm
Federal Parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm
Democratic Constitutional Republic
Constitutional emirate
Emerging federal democratic Republic
Operates under a transitional government
Military junta
Constitutional Republic
A parliamentary democracy, a federation, and a constitutional monarchy
Federal Republic
Constitutional democracy
Theocratic Republic
Multiparty democracy under a constitutional monarchy
Constitution-based Federal Republic; strong democratic tradition
A parliamentary government with a constitutional monarchy
ColorGovernment Type
Communist state
Democratic Republic
Federal government
Monarchy
Federal Parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy
Islamic Republic
Emirate
Federated Parliamentary Republic
Secular democracy and a presidential Republic
Constitutional democratic Republic
formally a confederation but similar in structure to a Federal Republic
Republic
Parliamentary
Parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
Constitutional sultanate (locally known as Malay Islamic Monarchy)
Multiparty democracy
Constitutional Parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm

List of Current President and Prime Ministers of Countries of the World

CountryGovt TypeHead of StateHead of Government
Afghanistan Presidential Islamic republicPresident - Ashraf Ghani Chief Executive Officer - Abdullah Abdullah
AlbaniaParliamentary republicPresident - Bujar NishaniPrime Minister - Edi Rama
AlgeriaPresidential republicPresident - Abdelaziz BouteflikaPrime Minister - Abdelmalek Sellal
AndorraUnitary parliamentary Semi-Elective diarchyEpiscopal Co-Prince - Joan Enric Vives Sicília
Co-Prince's Representative - Josep Maria Mauri
French Co-Prince - François Hollande
Co-Prince's Representative - Jean-Pierre Hugues
Head of Government - Antoni Martí
AngolaPresidential republicPresident - Jose Eduardo dos Santos  
Antigua and BarbudaParliamentary democracy (Parliament) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realmQueen - Elizabeth II, Governor-General - Sir Rodney WilliamsPrime Minister - Gaston Browne
ArgentinaPresidential republicPresident - Mauricio Macri  
ArmeniaSemi-presidential republicPresident - Serzh SargsyanPrime Minister - Karen Karapetyan
AustraliaParliamentary democracy (Federal Parliament) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realmQueen - Elizabeth II, Governor-General - Sir Peter CosgrovePrime Minister - Malcolm Turnbull
AustriaFederal parliamentary republicFederal President - Alexander Van der BellenFederal Chancellor - Christian Kern
AzerbaijanPresidential republicPresident - Ilham AliyevPrime Minister - Artur Rasizade
Bahamas,TheParliamentary democracy (Parliament) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realmQueen - Elizabeth II, Governor-General - Dame Marguerite Pindling Prime Minister - Perry Christie
BahrainConstitutional monarchyKing - Sheikh Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Prime Minister - Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa
BangladeshParliamentary republicPresident - Abdul Hamid Prime Minister - Sheikh Hasina
BarbadosParliamentary democracy (Parliament) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realmQueen - Elizabeth II, Governor-General - Sir Elliott BelgravePrime Minister - Freundel Stuart
BelarusPresidential republic in name, although in fact a dictatorshipPresident - Alexander LukashenkoPrime Minister - Andrei Kobyakov
BelgiumFederal parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchyKing - Philippe Prime Minister - Charles Michel
BelizeParliamentary democracy (National Assembly) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realmQueen - Elizabeth II, Governor-General - Sir Colville YoungPrime Minister - Dean Barrow
BeninPresidential republicPresident - Patrice Talon  
BhutanConstitutional monarchyKing - Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck Prime Minister - Tshering Tobgay
BoliviaPresidential republicPresident - Evo Morales  
Bosnia and HerzegovinaParliamentary republicMladen Ivanic (as Chairman), Dragan Covic (as Member) Bakir Izetbegović (as Member) Chairman of the Council of Ministers - Denis Zvizdic
BotswanaParliamentary republicPresident - Ian Khama  
BrazilFederal presidential republicPresident - Michel Temer 
BruneiAbsolute monarchy or sultanate (locally known as Malay Islamic Monarchy)Sultan and Prime Minister - Hassanal Bolkiah 
BulgariaParliamentary republicPresident - Rumen RadevActing Prime Minister - Ognyan Gerdzhikov
Burkina FasoPresidential republicPresident - Roch Marc Christian KaborePrime Minister - Paul Kaba Thieba
BurundiPresidential republicPresident - Pierre Nkurunziza  
CambodiaParliamentary constitutional monarchyKing - Norodom Sihamoni Prime Minister - Hun Sen
CameroonPresidential republicPresident - Paul Biya Prime Minister - Philemon Yang
CanadaFederal parliamentary democracy (Parliament of Canada) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realmQueen - Elizabeth II, Governor General - David JohnstonPrime Minister - Justin Trudeau
Cape VerdeUnitary semi-presidential republic President - Jorge Carlos FonsecaPrime Minister - Ulisses Correia e Silva
Central African RepublicPresidential republicPresident - Faustin-Archange TouaderaPrime Minister - Simplice Sarandji
ChadPresidential republicPresident - Idriss DebyPrime Minister - Albert Pahimi Padacke
ChilePresidential republicPresident - Michelle Bachelet  
ChinaCommunist statePresident - Xi Jinping Premier of the State Council - Li Keqiang
ColombiaPresidential republicPresident - Juan Manuel Santos 
ComorosFederal presidential republicPresident - Azali Assoumani 
Congo,Democratic Republic of theSemi-presidential republicPresident - Joseph Kabila Prime Minister - Samy Badibanga
Congo,Republic of thePresidential republicPresident - Denis Sassou NguessoPrime Minister - Clement Mouamba
Costa RicaPresidential republicPresident - Luis Guillermo Solís 
CroatiaParliamentary republicPresident - Kolinda Grabar-KitarovicPrime Minister - Andrej Plenkovic
CubaCommunist stateFirst Secretary of the Communist Party - Raul Castro 
CyprusUnitary presidential constitutional republicPresident - Nicos Anastasiades 
Czech RepublicUnitary parliamentary constitutional republicPresident - Milos Zeman Prime Minister - Bohuslav Sobotka
DenmarkParliamentary constitutional monarchyQueen - Margrethe II Prime Minister - Lars Lokke Rasmussen
DjiboutiSemi-presidential republicPresident - Ismaïl Omar Guelleh Prime Minister - Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed
DominicaParliamentary republicPresident - Charles Savarin Prime Minister - Roosevelt Skerrit
Dominican RepublicPresidential republicPresident - Danilo Medina 
East Timor President - Taur Matan Ruak Prime Minister - Rui Maria de Araujo
EcuadorPresidential republicPresident - Rafael Correa 
EgyptPresidential republicPresident - Abdel Fattah el-Sisi Prime Minister - Sherif Ismail
El SalvadorPresidential republicPresident - Salvador Sanchez Ceren 
Equatorial GuineaPresidential republicPresident - Teodoro Obiang Nguema MbasogoPrime Minister - Francisco Pascual Obama Asue
EritreaPresidential republicPresident - Isaias Afwerki 
EstoniaParliamentary republicPresident - Kersti Kaljulaid Prime Minister - Juri Ratas
EthiopiaFederal parliamentary republicPresident - Mulatu Teshome Prime Minister - Hailemariam Desalegn
FijiParliamentary republicPresident - George Konrote Prime Minister - Frank Bainimarama
FinlandParliamentary republicPresident - Sauli NiinistoPrime Minister - Juha Sipila
FranceSemi-presidential republicPresident - Emmanuel MacronPrime Minister - Édouard Philippe
GabonPresidential republicPresident - Ali Bongo OndimbaPrime Minister - Emmanuel Issoze-Ngondet
Gambia,ThePresidential republicPresident - Adama Barrow 
GeorgiaSemi-presidential republicPresident - Giorgi Margvelashvili Prime Minister - Giorgi Kvirikashvili
GermanyFederal parliamentary republicPresident - Frank-Walter SteinmeierChancellor - Angela Merkel
GhanaPresidential republicPresident - Nana Akufo-Addo 
GreeceParliamentary republicPresident - Prokopis Pavlopoulos Prime Minister - Alexis Tsipras
GrenadaParliamentary democracy under constitutional monarchyQueen - Elizabeth II, Governor-General - Dame Cecile La GrenadePrime Minister - Keith Mitchell
GuatemalaPresidential republicPresident - Jimmy Morales 
GuineaPresidential republicPresident - Alpha CondePrime Minister - Mamady Youla
Guinea-BissauSemi-presidential republicPresident - Jose Mario Vaz Prime Minister - Umaro Sissoco Embalo
GuyanaParliamentary republicPresident - David A. GrangerPrime Minister - Moses Nagamootoo
HaitiSemi-presidential republicPresident - Jovenel Moïse Prime Minister - Jack Guy Lafontant
HondurasPresidential republicPresident - Juan Orlando Hernandez 
HungaryParliamentary republicPresident - Janos Ader Prime Minister - Viktor Orban
IcelandParliamentary republicPresident - Guoni Th. Johannesson Prime Minister - Bjarni Benediktsson
IndiaFederal parliamentary republicPresident - Pranab Mukherjee Prime Minister - Narendra Modi
IndonesiaPresidential republicPresident - Joko Widodo 
IranTheocratic republicSupreme Leader - Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, President - Hassan Rouhani 
IraqFederal parliamentary republicPresident - Fuad Masum Prime Minister - Haider al-Abadi
IrelandParliamentary republicPresident - Michael D. Higgins Taoiseach - Enda Kenny
IsraelParliamentary democracyPresident - Reuven Rivlin Prime Minister - Benjamin Netanyahu
ItalyParliamentary republicPresident - Sergio Mattarella Prime Minister - Paolo Gentiloni
Ivory Coast President - Alassane OuattaraPrime Minister - Amadou Gon Coulibaly
JamaicaUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyQueen - Elizabeth II, Governor-General - Sir Patrick AllenPrime Minister - Andrew Holness
JapanParliamentary constitutional monarchyEmperor - Akihito Prime Minister - Shinzo Abe
JordanParliamentary constitutional monarchyKing - AbdullahPrime Minister - Hani Al-Mulki
KazakhstanPresidential republicPresident - Nursultan Nazarbayev Prime Minister - Bakhytzhan Sagintayev
KenyaPresidential republicPresident - Uhuru Kenyatta 
KiribatiPresidential republicPresident - Taneti Mamau 
KuwaitConstitutional monarchyEmir - Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Prime Minister - Sheikh Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah
KyrgyzstanParliamentary republicPresident - Almazbek Atambayev Prime Minister - Sooronbay Jeenbekov
LaosCommunist statePresident - Bounnhang Vorachith Prime Minister - Thongloun Sisoulith
LatviaParliamentary republicPresident - Raimonds Vejonis Prime Minister - Maris Kucinskis
LebanonParliamentary republicPresident - Michel Aoun Prime Minister - Saad Hariri
LesothoParliamentary constitutional monarchyKing - Letsie Prime Minister - Pakalitha Mosisili
LiberiaPresidential republicPresident - Ellen Johnson Sirleaf 
LibyaProvisional governmentChairman of the Presidential Council and Prime Minister - Fayez al-Sarraj 
LiechtensteinConstitutional monarchyPrince - Hans-Adam, Regent - Hereditary Prince AloisHead of Government - Adrian Hasler
LithuaniaSemi-presidential republicPresident - Dalia GrybauskaitePrime Minister - Saulius Skvernelis
LuxembourgConstitutional monarchyGrand Duke - Henri Prime Minister - Xavier Bettel
MacedoniaParliamentary republicPresident - Gjorge Ivanov Interim Prime Minister - Emil Dimitriev
MadagascarSemi-presidential republicPresident - Hery Rajaonarimampianina Prime Minister - Olivier Mahafaly Solonandrasana
MalawiPresidential republicPresident - Peter Mutharika 
MalaysiaFederal constitutional monarchyYang di-Pertuan Agong - Muhammad V Prime Minister - Najib Razak
MaldivesPresidential republicPresident - Abdulla Yameen 
MaliSemi-presidential republicPresident - Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta Prime Minister - Modibo Keita
MaltaParliamentary republicPresident - Marie Louise Coleiro Preca Prime Minister - Joseph Muscat
Marshall IslandsPresidential republic in free association with the USPresident - Hilda Heine 
MauritaniaPresidential republicPresident - Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz Prime Minister - Yahya Ould Hademine
MauritiusParliamentary republicPresident - Ameenah Gurib Prime Minister - Pravind Jugnauth
MexicoFederal presidential republicPresident - Enrique Pena Nieto 
MicronesiaFederal parliamentary republic Under a Non-partisan democracyPresident - Peter M. Christian 
MoldovaParliamentary republicPresident - Igor Dodon Prime Minister - Pavel Filip
MonacoConstitutional monarchySovereign Prince - Albert II Minister of State - Serge Telle
MongoliaSemi-presidential republicPresident - Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj Prime Minister - Jargaltulgyn Erdenebat
MontenegroParliamentary republicPresident - Filip VujanovicPrime Minister - Dusko Markovic
MoroccoParliamentary constitutional monarchyKing - Mohammed VI Head of Government - Saadeddine Othmani
MozambiquePresidential republicPresident - Filipe NyusiPrime Minister - Carlos Agostinho do Rosario
MyanmarUnitary parliamentary constitutional republicPresident - Htin KyawState Counsellor - Aung San Suu Kyi
NamibiaPresidential republicPresident - Hage GeingobPrime Minister - Saara Kuugongelwa
NauruParliamentary republicPresident - Baron Waqa 
NepalFederal parliamentary republicPresident - Bidhya Devi Bhandari Prime Minister - Pushpa Kamal Dahal
NetherlandsParliamentary constitutional monarchy; part of the Kingdom of the NetherlandsKing - Willem-Alexander Prime Minister - Mark Rutte
New ZealandUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyQueen - Elizabeth II, Governor-General - Dame Patsy ReddyPrime Minister - Bill English
NicaraguaPresidential republicPresident - Daniel Ortega 
NigerSemi-presidential republicPresident - Mahamadou Issoufou Prime Minister - Brigi Rafini
NigeriaFederal presidential republicPresident - Muhammadu Buhari 
North KoreaUnitary one-party socialist republicSupreme Leader and Chairman of the State Affairs Commission - Kim Jong-unPremier of the Cabinet - Pak Pong-ju
NorwayParliamentary constitutional monarchyKing - Harald V Prime Minister - Erna Solberg
OmanAbsolute monarchySultan and Prime Minister - Qaboos bin Said al Said 
PakistanFederal parliamentary republicPresident - Mamnoon Hussain Prime Minister - Nawaz Sharif
PalauPresidential republic in free association with the USPresident - Tommy Remengesau 
PalestineParliamentary republic, semi-presidential multi-party republicPresident - Mahmoud Abbas Prime Minister - Rami Hamdallah
PanamaPresidential republicPresident - Juan Carlos Varela 
Papua New GuineaUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyQueen - Elizabeth II, Governor-General - Bob DadaePrime Minister - Peter O'Neill
ParaguayPresidential republicPresident - Horacio Cartes 
PeruPresidential republicPresident - Pedro Pablo KuczynskiPrime Minister - Fernando Zavala
PhilippinesPresidential republicPresident - Rodrigo Duterte 
PolandParliamentary republicPresident - Andrzej Duda Prime Minister - Beata Szydło
PortugalSemi-presidential republicPresident - Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa Prime Minister - Antonio Costa
QatarAbsolute monarchyEmir - Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Prime Minister - Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani
RomaniaSemi-presidential republicPresident - Klaus Iohannis Prime Minister - Sorin Grindeanu
RussiaSemi-presidential federationPresident - Vladimir Putin Prime Minister - Dmitry Medvedev
RwandaPresidential republicPresident - Paul KagamePrime Minister - Anastase Murekezi
Saint Kitts and NevisFederal parliamentary constitutional monarchyQueen - Elizabeth II, Governor-General - Sir Tapley SeatonPrime Minister - Timothy Harris
Saint LuciaParliamentary democracy under constitutional monarchyQueen - Elizabeth II, Governor-General - Dame Pearlette LouisyPrime Minister - Allen Chastanet
SamoaParliamentary republicO le Ao o le Malo - Tufuga Efi Prime Minister - Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi
San MarinoParliamentary republicCaptain Regent - Marino Riccardi, Captain Regent - Fabio Berardi 
Sao Tome and Principesemi-presidential republicPresident - Evaristo Carvalho Prime Minister - Patrice Trovoada
Saudi ArabiaAbsolute monarchyKing and Prime Minister - Salman 
SenegalPresidential republicPresident - Macky Sall Prime Minister - Mohammed Dionne
SerbiaParliamentary republicPresident - Tomislav NikolicPrime Minister - Aleksandar Vucic
SeychellesPresidential republicPresident - Danny Faure 
Sierra LeonePresidential republicPresident - Ernest Bai Koroma 
SingaporeParliamentary republicPresident - Tony Tan Prime Minister - Lee Hsien Loong
SlovakiaParliamentary republicPresident - Andrej Kiska Prime Minister - Robert Fico
SloveniaParliamentary republicPresident - Borut Pahor Prime Minister - Miro Cerar
Solomon IslandsUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyQueen - Elizabeth II, Governor-General - Sir Frank KabuiPrime Minister - Manasseh Sogavare
SomaliaFederal parliamentary republicPresident - Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed Prime Minister - Hassan Ali Khayre
South AfricaParliamentary republicPresident - Jacob Zuma 
South Korea President and Prime Minister - Hwang Kyo-ahn  
South SudanPresidential republicPresident - Salva Kiir Mayardit 
SpainParliamentary constitutional monarchyKing - Felipe VI President of the Government - Mariano Rajoy
Sri LankaPresidential republicPresident - Maithripala SirisenaPrime Minister - Ranil Wickremesinghe
SudanPresidential republicPresident - Omar al-BashirPrime Minister - Bakri Hassan Saleh
SurinamePresidential republicPresident - Desi Bouterse 
SwazilandAbsolute monarchyKing - Mswati III Prime Minister - Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini
SwedenParliamentary constitutional monarchyKing - Carl XVI Gustaf Prime Minister - Stefan Lofven
SwitzerlandFederal republic (formally a confederation)Doris Leuthard (as President), Alain Berset (as Vice President) Ueli Maurer (as Member) Didier Burkhalter (as Member) Simonetta Sommaruga (as Member) Johann Schneider-Ammann (as Member) Guy Parmelin (as Member)  
SyriaPresidential republic; highly authoritarian regimePresident - Bashar al-Assad Prime Minister - Imad Khamis
TajikistanPresidential republicPresident - Emomali RahmonPrime Minister - Kokhir Rasulzoda
TanzaniaPresidential republicPresident - John MagufuliPrime Minister - Kassim Majaliwa
ThailandConstitutional monarchy; note - interim military-affiliated government since May 2014King - Maha Vajiralongkorn Prime Minister - Prayut Chan-o-cha
TogoPresidential republicPresident - Faure GnassingbePrime Minister - Komi Selom Klassou
TongaConstitutional monarchyKing - Tupou VI Prime Minister - Akilisi Pohiva
Trinidad and TobagoParliamentary republicPresident - Anthony Carmona Prime Minister - Keith Rowley
TunisiaParliamentary republicPresident - Beji Caid Essebsi Head of Government - Youssef Chahed
TurkeyParliamentary republicPresident - Recep Tayyip ErdoganPrime Minister - Binali Yıldırım
TurkmenistanPresidential republic; highly authoritarianPresident - Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow 
TuvaluNon-partisan parliamentary democracy under constitutional monarchyQueen - Elizabeth II, Governor-General - Sir Iakoba ItaleliPrime Minister - Enele Sopoaga
UgandaPresidential republicPresident - Yoweri MuseveniPrime Minister - Ruhakana Rugunda
UkraineSemi-presidential republicPresident - Petro Poroshenko Prime Minister - Volodymyr Groysman
United Arab EmiratesFederation of monarchiesPresident - Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan Prime Minister - Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
United KingdomUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyQueen - Elizabeth IIPrime Minister - Theresa May
United StatesConstitutional federal republicPresident - Donald Trump  
UruguayPresidential republicPresident - Tabare Vazquez 
UzbekistanPresidential republic; highly authoritarianPresident - Shavkat MirziyoyevPrime Minister - Abdulla Aripov
VanuatuParliamentary republicPresident - Baldwin Lonsdale Prime Minister - Charlot Salwai
VenezuelaFederal presidential republicPresident - Nicolas Maduro 
VietnamCommunist statePresident - Tran Dại Quang Prime Minister - Nguyen Xuan Phúc
Yemenin transition (Provisional government)President - Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi Prime Minister - Ahmed Obeid bin Daghr
ZambiaPresidential republicPresident - Edgar Lungu 
ZimbabweSemi-presidential republicPresident - Robert Mugabe

Last Updated Date: March 27, 2017










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