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Types of Governments

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ColorGovernment Type
Transitional government
Federal democratic Republic
Constitutional monarchy and commonwealth realm
Federal Parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm
Democratic Constitutional Republic
Constitutional emirate
Emerging federal democratic Republic
Operates under a transitional government
Military junta
Constitutional Republic
A parliamentary democracy, a federation, and a constitutional monarchy
Federal Republic
Constitutional democracy
Theocratic Republic
N. A
Multiparty democracy under a constitutional monarchy
Constitution-based Federal Republic; strong democratic tradition
A parliamentary government with a constitutional monarchy
ColorGovernment Type
Communist state
Democratic Republic
Federal government
Federal Parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy
Islamic Republic
Federated Parliamentary Republic
Secular democracy and a presidential Republic
Constitutional democratic Republic
formally a confederation but similar in structure to a Federal Republic
Parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
Constitutional sultanate (locally known as Malay Islamic Monarchy)
Multiparty democracy
Constitutional Parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm
Constitutional monarchy

List of Current President and Prime Ministers of Countries of the World

CountryGovt TypeHead of StateHead of Government
AfghanistanUnitary presidential republicPresident Mohammad Ashraf GhaniChief Executive Officer – Abdullah Abdullah
AlbaniaUnitary parliamentary constitutional republicPresident Bujar NishaniPrime Minister Edi Rama
AlgeriaUnitary semi-presidential republicPresident Abdelaziz BouteflikaPrime Minister Abdelmalek Sellal
AngolaUnitary presidential republicPresident José Eduardo dos SantosPresident José Eduardo dos Santos
ArgentinaFederal presidential constitutional republicPresident Mauricio MacriPresident Mauricio Macri
ArmeniaSemi-presidential republicPresident Serzh SargsyanPrime Minister Hovik Abrahamyan
AustraliaFederal parliamentary constitutional monarchyQueen Elizabeth , Governor-General – Sir Peter CosgrovePrime Minister Malcolm Turnbull
AustriaFederal semi-presidential republicFederal President Heinz FischerFederal Chancellor Werner Faymann
AzerbaijanDominant-party presidential republicPresident Ilham AliyevPrime Minister Artur Rasizade
BahamasUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyQueen – Elizabeth II Governor-General – Dame Marguerite PindlingPrime Minister – Perry Christie
BangladeshUnitary parliamentary constitutional republicPresident – Abdul HamidPrime Minister – Sheikh Hasina
BelarusPresidential republicPresident – Alexander LukashenkoPrime Minister – Andrei Kobyakov
BelgiumFederal parliamentary constitutional monarchyKing – PhilippePrime Minister – Charles Michel
BelizeUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyQueen – Elizabeth II[n 3] Governor-General – Sir Colville YoungPrime Minister – Dean Barrow
BeninPresidential republicPresident – Yayi BoniPrime Minister – Lionel Zinsou
BhutanUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyKing – Jigme Khesar Namgyel WangchuckPrime Minister – Tshering Tobgay
BoliviaUnitary presidential constitutional republicPresident Evo MoralesHigh Representative Valentin Inzko
Bosnia HerzegovinaFederal parliamentary RepublicPresidency Dragan Čović (Chairman) Mladen Ivanić (Member) Bakir Izetbegović (Member)Chairman of the Council of Ministers – Denis Zvizdić
BotswanaParliamentary RepublicPresident Ian KhamaPresident Ian Khama
BrazilFederal presidential constitutional republicPresident Dilma RousseffPresident Dilma Rousseff
BruneiUnitary Islamic absolute monarchySultan and Prime Minister Hassanal BolkiahSultan and Prime Minister Hassanal Bolkiah
BulgariaUnitary parliamentary republicPresident – Rosen PlevnelievPrime Minister – Boyko Borisov
Burkina FasoProvisional republicActing President – Michel KafandoActing Prime Minister – Yacouba Isaac Zida
CambodiaUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyKing Norodom SihamoniPrime Minister Hun Sen
CameroonDominant-party presidential republicPresident Paul BiyaPrime Minister Philémon Yang
CanadaFederal parliamentary constitutional monarchyQueen – Elizabeth II Governor General – David JohnstonPrime Minister – Stephen Harper Prime Minister-Designate – Justin Trudeau
Central African RepublicProvisional republicHead of State of the Transition Catherine Samba-PanzaPrime Minister Mahamat Kamoun
ChadDominant-party presidential republicPresident Idriss DébyPrime Minister Kalzeubet Pahimi Deubet
ChileUnitary presidential constitutional republicPresident Michelle BacheletPresident Michelle Bachelet
ChinaSocialist single-party stateXi Jinping President Xi JinpingPremier of the State Council Li Keqiang
ColombiaUnitary presidential constitutional republicPresident Juan Manuel SantosPresident Juan Manuel Santos
CongoPresidential republicPresident Denis Sassou NguessoPresident Denis Sassou Nguesso
Costa RicaUnitary presidential constitutional republicPresident Luis Guillermo SolísPresident Luis Guillermo Solís
CroatiaUnitary parliamentary constitutional republicPresident Grabar-KitarovicPrime Minister Zoran Milanovic
CubaMarxist–Leninist single-party statePresident of the Council of State and President of the Council of Ministers Raúl CastroPresident of the Council of State and President of the Council of Ministers Raúl Castro
CyprusUnitary presidential constitutional republicPresident Nicos AnastasiadesPresident Nicos Anastasiades
Czech RepublicUnitary parliamentary constitutional republicPresident Miloš ZemanPrime Minister Bohuslav Sobotka
Democratic Rep. of CongoSemi-presidential republicPresident Joseph KabilaPrime Minister Augustin Matata Ponyo
DenmarkUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyQueen Margrethe IIPrime Minister – Lars Løkke Rasmussen
DjiboutiSingle-party semi-presidential republicPresident Ismaïl Omar GuellehPrime Minister Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed
East TimorUnitary semi-presidential republicPresident Taur Matan RuakPrime Minister – Rui Maria de Araújo
Ecuador Unitary presidential constitutional republicPresident Rafael CorreaPresident Rafael Correa
EgyptUnitary semi-presidential republicPresident Abdel Fattah el-Sisi Prime Minister – Sherif Ismail
El SalvadorUnitary presidential constitutional republicPresident Salvador Sánchez CerénSalvador Sánchez Cerén
Equatorial GuineaMulti-party presidential republicPresident Teodoro Obiang Nguema MbasogoPrime Minister Vicente Ehate Tomi
EritreaSingle-party presidential republicPresident Isaias AfewerkiPresident Isaias Afewerki
EstoniaParliamentary RepublicPresident Toomas Hendrik IlvesPrime Minister Taavi Roivas
EthiopiaFederal parliamentary RepublicPresident Mulatu TeshomePrime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn
FinlandUnitary parliamentary constitutional republicPresident Sauli NiinistöPrime Minister – Juha Sipilä
FranceUnitary semi-presidential constitutional republicPresident François HollandePrime Minister Manuel Valls
French GuianaN. AN. AN. A
GabonDominant-party presidential republicPresident Ali Bongo OndimbaPrime Minister Daniel Ona Ondo
GeorgiaUnitary semi-presidential republicPresident Giorgi MargvelashviliPrime Minister Irakli Garibashvili
GermanyUnitary semi-presidential republicPresident Joachim GauckChancellor Angela Merkel
GhanaUnitary presidential constitutional republicPresident John Dramani MahamaPresident John Dramani Mahama
GreeceUnitary parliamentary constitutional republicPresident – Prokopis PavlopoulosPrime Minister – Alexis Tsipras
GreenlandParliamentary democracy within a constitutional monarchyN. AN. A
GuatemalaUnitary presidential republicJimmy MoralesJimmy Morales
GuineaPresidential republicPresident Alpha CondéPrime Minister Mohamed Said Fofana
Guinea BissauUnitary semi-presidential republicPresident – José Mário VazPrime Minister – Carlos Correia
GuyanaUnitary semi-presidential republicPresident – David GrangerPrime Minister – Moses Nagamootoo
HaitiUnitary semi-presidential republicPresident Michel MartellyPrime Minister – Evans Paul
HondurasPresidential republicPresident Juan Orlando HernándezPresident Juan Orlando Hernández
HungaryUnitary parliamentary constitutional republicPresident János ÁderPrime Minister Viktor Orbán
IcelandUnitary parliamentary constitutional republicPresident Ólafur Ragnar GrímssonPrime Minister Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson
IndiaFederal parliamentary constitutional republicPresident Pranab MukherjeePrime Minister Narendra Modi
IndonesiaUnitary presidential constitutional republicPresident – Joko Widodo President – Joko Widodo
IranTheocracy: Unitary presidential republic President Hassan RouhaniSupreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei
IraqFederal parliamentary RepublicPresident Fuad MasumPrime Minister – Haider Al-Abadi
IrelandUnitary parliamentary constitutional republicPresident Michael D. HigginsPrime Minister Enda Kenny
IsraelUnitary parliamentary republicPresident Reuven RivlinPrime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu
ItalyUnitary parliamentary constitutional republicPresident – Sergio MattarellaPresident of the Council of Ministers – Matteo Renzi
Ivory CoastSemi-presidential republicPresident Alassane OuattaraPrime Minister Daniel Kablan Duncan
JapanUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyEmperor AkihitoPrime Minister Shinzō Abe
JordanUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyKing Abdullah IIPrime Minister Abdullah Ensour
KazakhastanUnitary dominant-party presidential republicPresident Nursultan NazarbayevPrime Minister Karim Masimov
KenyaPresidential republicPresident Uhuru KenyattaPresident Uhuru Kenyatta
KuwaitUnitary constitutional monarchyEmir Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-SabahPrime Minister Sheikh Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah
KyrgyzstanUnitary parliamentary republicPresident Almazbek AtambayevPrime Minister – Temir Sariyev
Laoscommunist (Marxist-Leninist), socialist, single-party statePresident Choummaly SayasonePrime Minister Thongsing Thammavong
LatviaParliamentary RepublicPresident – Raimonds VējonisPrime Minister Laimdota Straujuma
LebanonUnitary parliamentary multi-confessionalist republicPresident Tammam SalamActing President and President of the Council of Ministers – Tammam Salam
LesothoUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyKing Letsie IIIPrime Minister – Pakalitha Mosisili
LiberiaUnitary presidential republicPresident Ellen Johnson SirleafPresident Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
LibyadisputedChairman of the House of Representatives – Aguila Saleh IssaPrime Minister Abdullah al-Thani
LithuaniaUnitary parliamentary republicPresident Dalia GrybauskaitėPrime Minister Algirdas Butkevičius
Madagascar Unitary semi-presidential republicPresident Hery Rajaonarimampianina Prime Minister – Jean Ravelonarivo
MalawiUnitary presidential republicPresident Peter MutharikaPresident Peter Mutharika
MalaysiaFederal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, Elective monarchyYang di-Pertuan Agong Abdul HalimPrime Minister Najib Razak
MaliUnitary semi-presidential republicPresident – Ibrahim Boubacar KeïtaPrime Minister – Modibo Keita
MauritaniaSemi-presidential republicPresident Mohamed Ould Abdel AzizPrime Minister – Yahya Ould Hademine
MexicoFederal presidential constitutional republicPresident Enrique Peña NietoPresident Enrique Peña Nieto
MoldovaUnitary parliamentary republicPresident Nicolae TimoftiPrime Minister – Valeriu Streleț
MongoliaUnitary parliamentary constitutional republicPresident Tsakhiagiin ElbegdorjPrime Minister – Chimediin Saikhanbileg
MontenegroParliamentary RepublicPresident Filip VujanovićPrime Minister Milo Đukanović
MoroccoUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyKing Mohammed VIPrime Minister Abdelilah Benkirane
MozambiqueUnitary presidential republicPresident – Filipe NyusiPrime Minister – Carlos Agostinho do Rosário
MyanmarUnitary presidential republicPresident Htin KyawPresident Htin Kyaw
NamibiaUnitary presidential constitutional republicPresident – Hage GeingobPrime Minister – Saara Kuugongelwa-Amadhila
NepalFederal parliamentary RepublicPresident Bidhya Devi BhandariPrime Minister – Khadga Prasad Oli
NetherlandsDemocratic parliamentary constitutional monarchy King Willem-AlexanderPrime Minister Mark Rutte
New ZealandUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyQueen – Elizabeth II Governor-General – Sir Jerry MateparaePrime Minister – John Key
NicaraguaUnitary presidential constitutional republicPresident Daniel OrtegaPresident Daniel Ortega
NigerUnitary semi-presidential republicPresident Mahamadou IssoufouPrime Minister Brigi Rafini
NigeriaFederal presidential republicPresident – Muhammadu BuhariPresident – Muhammadu Buhari
North KoreaJuche single-party state (various interpretations)President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly – Kim Yong-nam, First Chairman of the National Defence Commission – Kim Jong-unPremier of the Cabinet – Pak Pong-ju
NorwayUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyKing Harald VPrime Minister Erna Solberg
OmanUnitary Parliamentary Absolute monarchySultan and Prime Minister Qaboos bin Said al SaidSultan and Prime Minister Qaboos bin Said al Said
PakistanFederal parliamentary RepublicPresident Mamnoon HussainPrime Minister Nawaz Sharif
PanamaUnitary presidential constitutional republicPresident Juan Carlos VarelaPresident Juan Carlos Varela
Papua New GuineaUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyQueen – Elizabeth, Governor General Sir Michael OgioPrime Minister Peter ONeill
ParaguayUnitary presidential constitutional republicPresident – Horacio CartesPresident – Horacio Cartes
PeruUnitary presidential constitutional republicPresident Ollanta HumalaPresident of the Council of Ministers – Pedro Cateriano
PhilippinesUnitary presidential constitutional republicPresident Benigno Aquino IIIPresident Benigno Aquino III
PolandParliamentary RepublicPresident – Andrzej DudaPresident of the Council of Ministers – Ewa Kopacz
PortugalUnitary semi-presidential constitutional republicPresident Aníbal Cavaco SilvaPrime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho
QatarUnitary Parliamentary Absolute monarchyEmir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al ThaniPrime Minister Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani
Republic of MacedoniaParliamentary RepublicPresident Gjorge IvanovPresident of the government Nikola Gruevski
RomaniaUnitary semi-presidential republicPresident – Klaus IohannisPrime Minister Victor Ponta
RussiaFederal semi-presidential constitutional republicPresident Vladimir PutinChairman of the Government Dmitry Medvedev
Saudi ArabiaUnitary Islamic absolute monarchyKing and Prime Minister – SalmanKing and Prime Minister – Salman
SenegalSemi-presidential republicPresident Macky SallPrime Minister Mohamed Dionne
SerbiaParliamentary RepublicPresident Tomislav NikolićPrime Minister Aleksandar Vucic
Sierra LeoneUnitary presidential constitutional republicPresident Ernest Bai KoromaPresident Ernest Bai Koroma
SlovakiaParliamentary RepublicPresident Andrej KiskaPrime Minister Robert Fico
SloveniaUnitary parliamentary constitutional republicPresident Borut PahorPresident of the Government – Miro Cerar
SomaliaFederated Parliamentary RepublicPresident Hassan Sheikh MohamudPrime Minister – Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke
South AfricaUnitary constitutional parliamentary republicPresident Jacob ZumaPresident Jacob Zuma
South KoreaUnitary presidential constitutional republicPresident Park Geun-hyePrime Minister – Hwang Kyo-ahn
South SudanPresidential republicPresident Salva Kiir MayarditPresident Salva Kiir Mayardit
SpainUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyKing Felipe VIPresident of the Government Mariano Rajoy
SrilankaUnitary semi-presidential constitutional republicPresident – Maithripala SirisenaPrime Minister – Ranil Wickremesinghe
SudanDominant-party federal presidential republicPresident Omar al-BashirPresident Omar al-Bashir
SurinameUnitary parliamentary constitutional republicPresident Dési BoutersePresident Dési Bouterse
SwazilandUnitary Parliamentary Absolute monarchyKing Mswati IIIPrime Minister Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini
SwedenUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyKing Carl XVI GustafPrime Minister – Stefan Löfven
SwitzerlandFederal multi-party directorial republic with thorough elements of direct democracyFederal Council:-Doris Leuthard (Member), Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf (Member), Ueli Maurer (Member), Didier Burkhalter (Member), Johann Schneider-Ammann (Vice President), Alain Berset (Member)Federal Council:-Doris Leuthard (Member), Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf (Member), Ueli Maurer (Member), Didier Burkhalter (Member), Johann Schneider-Ammann (Vice President), Alain Berset (Member)
SyriaUnitary dominant-party semi-presidential republicActing President Bashar al-AssadPrime Minister Wael Nader Al-Halqi
TaiwanUnitary semi-presidential constitutional republicPresident Ma Ying-jeouPresident of the Executive Yuan – Mao Chi-kuo
TajikistanDominant-party semi-presidential republicPresident Emomalii RahmonPrime Minister Kokhir Rasulzoda
TanzaniaUnitary presidential constitutional republicPresident Jakaya KikwetePrime Minister Mizengo Pinda
ThailandConstitutional monarchy under military juntaKing Bhumibol AdulyadejPrime Minister – Prayuth Chan-ocha
TogoPresidential republicPresident Faure GnassingbéPrime Minister – Komi Sélom Klassou
TunisiaUnitary parliamentary republicPresident – Beji Caid EssebsiHead of Government – Habib Essid
TurkeyUnitary parliamentary constitutional republicPresident – Recep Tayyip ErdoğanPrime Minister – Ahmet Davutoğlu
TurkmenistanUnitary presidential republicPresident Gurbanguly BerdimuhamedowPresident Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow
UAEFederation of 7 hereditary monarchiesPresident Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al NahyanPrime Minister Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
UgandaDominant-party semi-presidential republicPresident Yoweri MuseveniPrime Minister – Ruhakana Rugunda
UkraineUnitary semi-presidential constitutional republicPresident Petro PoroshenkoPrime Minister – Arseniy Yatsenyuk
United KingdomUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchyQueen Elizabeth IIPrime Minister David Cameron
United States of AmericaFederal presidential constitutional republicPresident Barack ObamaPresident Barack Obama
UruguayUnitary presidential constitutional republicPresident – Tabaré VázquezPresident – Tabaré Vázquez
UzbekistanPresidential republicPresident Islam KarimovPrime Minister Shavkat Mirziyoyev
VenezuelaFederal presidential constitutional republicPresident Nicolas MaduroPresident Nicolas Maduro
VietnamSocialist single-party statePresident Trần Đại QuangPrime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung
Western SaharaSahrawi Arab Democratic RepublicN. AN. A
YemendisputedPresident Abd Rabbuh Mansur HadiPrime Minister – Khaled Bahah
ZambiaPresidential republicPresident – Edgar LunguPresident – Edgar Lungu
ZimbabweDominant-party presidential republicPresident Robert MugabePresident Robert Mugabe

Last Updated on : October 22, 2015

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