History of Nigeria
Nigeria’s history can be traced from the old prehistoric settlers residing in this region from around 11,000 BC.
The inhabitants dominated the south-western region of Nigeria. On the other hand, the Yoruba settlers have been dominating the western area of the Niger. Evidence shows that their closest linguistic relatives are the Igala. Located in West Africa, the country Nigeria derives its name from the Niger River. Flora Shaw, the colonial administrator of Britain, was the first person to coin this name in the nineteenth century.
Neighboring Countries and Major cities
Nigeria is bounded by the countries of Benin, Niger, Chad, and Cameroon. Besides, some of the major cities of this nation, include, Lagos, Kano, Ibadan, Kaduna, Ogbomosho, Port Harcourt, Benin City, Maiduguri, Zaria, Aba, Jos, Ilorin, Oyo, Enugu, and Abeokuta.
With an approximate area of 923,768 sq kilometres, making it the 32nd largest country in the world after Tanzania. The country is bounded by Benin on the west, Cameroun on the east, Niger on the north, and Lake Chad on the north-east region. Benue and Niger and the major rivers of this country and the outlets of the same as well as their tributaries are veiled by the mangrove walls.
Nigeria is also home to some of the best mountain peaks in the world, including : –
- Munungu – 12,448 ft / 3,794 m
- Tsaunin Kwaiki – 7,740 ft / 2,359 m
- Tsaunin Kujeri – 5,843 ft / 1,781 m
- Chappal Hendu – 5,773 ft / 1,760 m
- Kumari – 7,480 ft / 2,280 m
- Tchangue – 5,850 ft / 1,783 m
- Hirai – 11,706 ft / 3,568 m
- Chappal Waddi – 7,936 ft / 2,419 m
- Danko Hill – 5,720 ft / 1,744 m
The NPA or the Nigerian Ports Authority is run by the federal government. This entity controls the various Nigerian ports, including, Tin Can Island Port and Lagos Port Complex in Lagos; Rivers Port, Delta Port, and Calabar Port at Port Harcourt as well as Onne Port.
Other Physical Features
The majority of the country’s surface comprises of crystalline rocks that have been subjected to erosion and weathering for a long period of time. This is one of the reasons why the plains of this region are interrupted by Granite Mountains. Besides, one will also find small granite formations on the Jos Plateau.
Soils in Nigeria and in Africa usually are not of a good quality as in other parts of the world. Nevertheless, Nigerians have over the centuries employed certain agricultural methods like slash and burn, intercropping, and facile planting techniques to cope with the soil deficiency.
Points of Interest
Noted for its warmth and captivity, Nigeria turns out to be a prominent cultural hub of Africa. The country is remarkable for its tourist attractions and diverse cultures. Some of the major points of interest in Nigeria have been included below:
The country is blessed with some of the best fauna and flora of the world. What contributes to this marvelous ecosystem is perhaps the climatic variations of this country. Some of the prominent national parks of Nigeria that one cannot afford to miss out on are as follows:-
- Chad Basin
- Cross River
- Kainji Lake
- Old Oyo
Similar to national parks, the country is also blessed with a wide array of brilliant beaches, including:
- Coconut Beach, Lagos
- Bar Beach, Lagos
- Tarkwa Bay, Lagos
- Lekki Beach, Lagos
- Agaja and Ilashe Beach, Lagos
- Calabar Beach, Cross Rivers
Besides the national parks and beaches, the country is also home to other attractions like Kano Dye Pits, Akwaette Weaving Centre, Obat Fish Port, Lord Lugard Hall, The Confluence Of Rivers Niger & Benue, Dukkey Wells, National Church Of Nigeria, National Mosque, Bonny Island, Emir’s Palace, Olumo Rock, Zuma Rock, Wase Rock, Shere Hills, Riyom Rock, Kahwang Rock Formation, and Idanre Hills, Sukur Cultural Landscape, Sungbo Eredo Shrine and Wall, Ijebu-Ode, Gidan Madakin Kafin Madaki, and Kano City Walls.
- By Air: The country is home to various international airports located in Kano, Abuja, Lagos, Port Harcourt, and Enugu. However, the international and domestic terminals in Lagos are not located too close to each other; rather they lie at a distance of several miles. Hence, make sure that one has a sufficient time if traveling from the domestic to international airport or vice versa. Even before two years, the Port Harcourt International Airport was not in complete service; however, as of now people can access the same to reach Nigeria.
- By train: Usually, train service in Nigeria is limited for cargo transportation. On the other hand, it is advisable to foreign nationals to not travel on train.
- By bus: This is perhaps a convenient option to go in for, provided one does not care much about the traffic jams that hit almost all major cities of Nigeria. One can avail here, various buses and coaches that will take him/her to the various regions of the country. State government buses can be taken on Lagos tour. Finally, ABC and CHISCO Transport are equally reliable and can help travel between Lagos and Accra.