The national capital of the Indian subcontinent is Delhi, which is also the second biggest city in the country. It happens to be one of the largest multicultural and cosmopolitan urban centers which can boast of lots of attractions that appeal to numerous tourists throughout the year. Here, you'll find many places of historical importance that you can visit during your tour to Delhi.
About Delhi Map
Prior to arriving in the city, it is recommended to consult the travel map of Delhi so that you're able to get an overview of the metropolis.
Delhi, the Capital of India, is situated on the banks of river Yamuna in the northern part of India. It includes 9 districts, 27 tehsils, 59 census towns, 165 villages and 3 legislative towns - Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD), New Delhi Municipal Committee (NDMC) and Delhi Cantonment Board (DCB).
History of Delhi
Delhi, the political hub of the country and has been inhabited from 6th century BC. The earliest historical records show that Anang Pal founded the Lal Kot in 736 AD and this later became the nucleus of present Delhi. The city gained importance from the Sultanate era. Today, it is regarded as a microcosm of India and is the center of political, administrative and cultural activities. It covers an area of 1,483 sq km and has an approximate population of 16.75 million.
The capital of India happens to be a center of the cultural and political hub of the country for several centuries and almost every single structure in the city has a historical background behind it. According to the eminent historians, Indraprastha which was mentioned in the epic named Mahabharata was actually Delhi. This location was ruled by the valiant Rajputs before it was captured by the Afghans. Following this, the land was ruled by multiple hands such as the Tughlaks, Lodhis and Mughals.
Finally, the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan made Old Delhi his capital. The historic monuments, tombs, and forts which are scattered around the city are well-known tourist attractions. All these structures depict the architectural glory of ancient and Medieval India.
Geography of Delhi
The city has got a unique geography which is not present in any other part of India. The Delhi Ridge and the flood plains of the Yamuna are the most prominent aspects of the geography of Delhi. Being the only river of this region, the Yamuna is of significant importance and it is mainly responsible for the presence of the fertile soil in and around the city.
The Delhi Ridge (standing at an elevation of more than 300 m) is a prominent landmark of the area and it covers almost all the parts of the city, especially the north-eastern, western as well as the north-western parts. Unfortunately, the capital of India falls within an earthquake-prone zone in Asia. However, till now, no major catastrophe has been recorded during the past few centuries.
Delhi has an extreme tropical continental type of climate. Summers are extremely hot and humid while winters are quite cold. The rainy season lasts from June to October though some rainfall is also experienced in the winter.
How to Reach Delhi
New Delhi is connected with other parts of India by flight and the airport in this area is known as the Indira Gandhi International airport. There are also regular train and bus services to Delhi from the major cities in India. If you follow the driving directions which are provided in all the prominent tourist maps of Delhi, you should not face any trouble to arrive in the city from any other place in India.
When to Visit Delhi
It is advisable to visit the city during October to March when the climate is quite comfortable for the tourists. During this time, the pleasant weather allows the holidaymakers to enjoy the city to the fullest.
Attractions in the City
Since Delhi occupies a large amount of area, there are plenty of places to visit in and around the region and it will take nearly one entire week for a tourist to explore the city. In fact, there are numerous tourist attractions and the most prominent among them happen to be the Red Fort in Old Delhi, Qutub Minar at Mehrauli, Jama Masjid, Lodhi Gardens, Zafar Mahal, India Gate, Raj Ghat, Humayun’s tomb as well as other tombs from the Mughal Era, the Akshardham Temple and the Lotus Temple.
New Delhi, as it is now known, came into existence after India achieved Independence in 1947. Many people from different regions, of different religions came and settled in Delhi – giving Delhi a cosmopolitan set up. Delhi, being the capital of India, accommodates some of the most important buildings and offices of the Indian government. They are:
- The Parliament House
- The Supreme Court
- The Rashtrapati Bhawan
- Foreign Embassies
- UPSC Office
Important Festivals of Delhi
It will not be an exaggeration to assert that Delhi is packed with festivals and is always in a festivity mode. There are individuals of all caste, creed, and religion residing in this metropolis and the festivals are spread out evenly throughout the year. Among the major festivals, mention may be made of the following:
Diwali - It is arguably the biggest festival of Delhi. Individuals of all ages celebrate this festival by burning fireworks all over the city. Traditional oil lamps are illuminated during this festival and sweets are distributed amongst the family members, friends as well as relatives. This particular festival is celebrated in the month of November.
Holi - This festival is known as the festival of colors and is celebrated by spraying colored water on one another by individuals of all ages.
Durga Puja - It is a major festival in the city and is celebrated for as many as nine days during October. Individuals participate in the famous Dandiya dance and Durga Mandals are constructed in almost every street in the city.
Apart from the above-mentioned festivals, the other prominent ones happen to be Maha Shivrathri, Ganesh Chaturthi, Guru Nanak Jayanthi, Vasant Panchami, New Year, Christmas, etc.
Last Updated on: June 14, 2017
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