Explore this Turkey map to learn everything you want to know about this country. Learn about Turkey’s location on the world map, official symbol, seal, flag, geography, climate, postal/area/zip codes, time zones, etc. Check out Turkey’s history, significant states, provinces/districts, & cities, most popular travel destinations and attractions, the capital city’s location, facts and trivia, Top FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions), and many more.
Turkey, officially known as the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country. The country is located mainly on the Anatolian Peninsula in Western Asia, with a small portion (about 3%) on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. The European part of Turkey is called Eastern Thrace, situated at the extreme eastern edge of the Balkan Peninsula. The country occupies an area of 783,356 sq. km, with 97% of this area located in Asia. The Asian part of the country is separated from the European territory by the Turkish Straits, occupying most of the Anatolian Plateau region. Turks form the vast majority of the country’s population, and the most significant minority are Kurds. Istanbul is Turkey’s largest city and financial center.
The National flag of Turkey was adopted in the late 18th century from the late Ottoman flag and acquired its final form in 1844. The design of the turkey flag comprises a red background on which there is the crescent moon and a star motif. The star in the Turkish flag is said to represent the Morning Star, as mentioned in the Holy Koran. The star and white present are the symbols of Islam. The flag of Turkey is often referred to as the” red flag” and is often called” the red banner” in the Turkish national anthem.
The Turkey Location Map shows the exact location of Turkey on the world map. This map depicts the boundaries of this country, neighboring countries, and oceans. Turkey is a transcontinental Eurasian country located in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres of the Earth. Turkey shares its boundaries with seven countries, Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest, Armenia and Iran to the east, Georgia to the northeast, Iraq to the southeast, and Syria to the South. The country has coastlines on the Mediterranean Sea to the south, the Black Sea to the north, and the Aegean Sea to the west. Nakhchivan, an enclave of Azerbaijan, also borders Turkey to the east.
Turkey’s Latitude and Longitude extent are 38.9637. N Latitude and 35.2433.E Longitude in Asia. One can check this Latitude and Longitude Map of Turkey for more information.
The capital city of Turkey is Ankara. Ankara city is located in the central part of the Anatolia region in the middle of the Kizilirmak and Sakarya rivers. The city is the second largest in Turkey after Istanbul. Historically known as Ancyra and Angor, it served as the capital of the ancient Celtic state of Galatia (280-64 B.C.) and later of the Roman province (25 BC-7th century). Ankara city is an important crossroads for trade and forms a major junction in the road network of Turkey. The historical center of the city is a rocky hill rising 150 m (150 ft) over the left bank of Ankara River, a tributary of the Sakarya River.
Time Zones in Turkey
The country uses only a one-time zone, Turkey Time(TRT). The time zone in Turkey is (UTC+03:00) year around. It means that Turkey is 3hours ahead of UTC. The turkey time at most is the same as the Moscow Times and standard Arabian Peninsula Time. The country has been effectively observing permanent Daylight Saving Time (DST) since 2016. Check this Turkey Time Zone Map to learn more.
The physical map of Turkey reveals all the details of the country’s physical features. Turkey is a country consisting of a large peninsula that bridges the continents of Europe and Asia. The country is surrounded on three sides by the Mediterranean Sea, the Black Sea, and the Aegean Sea. The country has diverse terrains, from the plains of Anatolia to forests of the Black Sea, semi-arid lands to natural lakes, and the coastlines of three seas. Many country peaks exceed 10,000 feet; the tallest, most rugged ones are in the eastern Taurus Mountains. The highest point of Turkey is Mt.Ararat at 16,948 ft (5,166 m). Based on topography, location, Flora, Fauna, and agricultural diversities, Turkey is divided into seven geographical regions:
- Black Sea Region
- Marmara Region
- Aegean Region
- Mediterranean Region
- Central Anatolia Region
- Eastern Anatolia Region
- Southeastern Anatolia Region
Check this Map of Turkey’s Geographical Regions to locate all the regions.
The climatic conditions of Turkey vary considerably across the country. The coastal area of the country bordering the Mediterranean Sea and the Aegean Sea has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate with dry, hot summers and cool, mild, wet winters. The country’s coastal area has a temperate Oceanic Climate with wet and warm summers and cold, wet winters. The arid interior regions of the country have a humid continental climate with sharply contrasting seasons like the central Anatolian plateau of the interior of Turkey. Istanbul and parts connecting the Sea of Marmara have a transitional climate between the Mediterranean and temperate Oceanic climates.
The history of Turkey dates back a million years ago. The area is home to one of the earliest settlements in the world. Catal Hoyuk (a labyrinth of 150 mud homes joined together) was built 8,800 years ago. People then had to enter their homes through holes in the roof as no streets existed. Hittites created an empire about 4,000 years ago in the central part of what is now called Turkey in Anatolia. Hittites ruled for hundreds of years before losing power in the Trojan War.
Around 700 B.C., king Midas ruled western Turkey. In 334 B.C. Alexander the Great took Anatolia under Macedonian Greek rule until Rome took over. In A.D. 330, Anatolia became part of Roman Asia Minor, and Constantine became the Roman emperor and formed a new capital called Constantinople. Byzantine Empire came after the fall of the Roman Empire.
In 1453 the city of Constantinople was conquered by the Ottomans, and Turkey became part of the Ottoman Empire. After World War I, Turkey was invaded by Greece. In 1920, the Turkish War of Independence was led by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, and the Turkish assembly declared Turkey a republic in 1923. The country became secular, and women gained voting rights in 1934.
The country is divided into 81 provinces (iler, ilk-singular) for administrative purposes. The provinces of Turkey are further divided into 937 districts and smaller subdivisions. Check Turkey Political map to locate all the provinces on the map. Each of the provincial governments in Turkey is seated in the central district (Merkez ice). The Central district bears the name of the province for non-metropolitan municipality-designated provinces. Each province in the country is administered by an appointed governor (vali) from the Ministry of the Interior. The most populous region of Turkey is Istanbul, and Konya is the biggest province of Turkey by Area(40,813.53 sq km)
Turkey Major Cities
The Map of Turkey Cities reveals valuable details, including the National capital and administrative divisions. Major cities of Turkey are:
- Ankara (capital)
Turkey has about 58 airports located across the country. Thirty-five airports offer domestic and international flights, while 23 provide regional flights across Turkey. Check Turkey Airports Map to learn more. The Biggest and busiest airports in Turkey are:
- Istanbul Ataturk Airport
- Sabiha Gokcen Airport
- Antalya Airport
- Ankara Esenboga Airport
- Trabzon Airport
- Dalaman Airport
- Erzurum Airport
- Milas-Bodrum Airport
Turkey Postal Codes
The postal codes of Turkey consist of five digits. The postal codes start with two digits license plate code corresponding to the provinces, followed by three numbers to specify the location within the province’s districts. The first two digits in Turkish postal codes are the same as the Vehicle license plate codes of each province.
Tourism in Turkey includes various historical sites and seaside resorts along its Aegean and the Mediterranean Sea coasts. Some of the most-visited tourist attractions of Turkey are:
- Dolmabahce Palace
- Hagia Sophia
- Topkapi Palace
- Cruising the Mediterranean
- Mount Nemrut
- Grand Bazaar
Top FAQs on Turkey
FAQ #1: Is Turkey a Muslim Country?
Ans. the country is officially secular with no official religion, but 99 percent of the country’s population is Muslim.
Faq #2: Is Turkey in Europe?
Ans: Turkey has often considered part of Europe as the country’s 3% of the land area is in Europe, but it’s not a member of the European Union
Faq #3: What is the currency of Turkey?
Ans: The currency of Turkey is the Turkish Lira
Faq #4:What language is spoken in Turkey?
Ans: Turkish is spoken in Turkey as it is the mother tongue of 90 percent of the country’s population.
Faq #5: What is the capital of Turkey?
And: Ankara is the capital of Turkey.
Faq #6: Is Turkey part of the E.U.?
Ans: Turkey has been a candidate country to join the European Union since 1999 but is not a member of the E.U.
Faq #7: Is Turkey in nato?
Ans: Turkey has been a member of NATO since 1952.