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- Africa (German: Afrika Karte) covers 20.4 % of total land area and 6% of earth's total surface area.
- The African continent comprises 54 fully recognized countries and Western Sahara, whose statehood is disputed by Morocco.
- South Sudan is the continent's newest country.
- Africa is the world's second largest continent covering an area of 11,668,599 sq miles. It is the second most populous continent as well.
- The continent is bordered by the South Atlantic Ocean to the southwest and the Mediterranean Sea to the north.
- Over one billion people inhabit Africa.
- Over 2,000 languages are spoken in Africa (according to UNESCO). Some of the major language groups are Afro-Asiatic, Nilo-Saharan, Niger-Congo, and the Koshian.
- When it comes to religious make-up, the Encyclopedia Britannica says that 45% people are Christians and 40% are Muslims.
History of Africa
- Africa has a rich history, which spans back to many millennia, when early life-forms roamed the Earth. It was only around 3300 BC that ancient civilizations, like that of Egypt came into existence.
- Most of the northern African coastline was under the control of Roman Empire during its heydays.
- Islam started to expand in the continent by about seventh century AD, and to this day remains a major religion.
- In the last 200 years, Africa saw a dark period of colonization and the slave trade, when most of the continent was a colony of one empire or the other.
- The European powers, who managed to remain in control for most of the time, were significantly weakened during World War II, after which there was a wave of independence movements among the African countries.
- In 2013, Africa was rated as the world’s fastest-growing continent at 5.6% a year.
- Table Mountain: Located in South Africa, it is the country's most photographed attraction overlooking the city of Cape Town.
- Rwandan rainforest: Take a trip down to the Rwandan rainforests and you are sure to spot a mountain gorilla.
- Victoria Falls: It will be apt to call the majestic waterfalls the 'Jewel of Zambia and Zimbabwe.'
- Pyramids of Giza: Located in Egypt, the Pyramid of King Cheops was built around 2650 BC. It took 2.5 million blocks of limestone to build this magnificent structure.
- Draa Valley: Located in Morocco, the Draa Valley is worth a visit. Here, a traveler would come across some of the most splendid landscapes.
- The Great Sphinx, Egypt: Another ancient masterpiece located in Egypt, the Sphinx is in the form of a body of a lion and the head of a human.
- Masai Mara National Reserve: Pristine beauty, acres of greenery and abundant wildlife greet the visitors as they enter the Masai Mara National Reserve southwest of Kenya. It is home to over 450 bird species and also holds one of the highest lion densities in world.
- The Serengeti National Park: Located in Tanzania, the Serengeti National Park is famous for its annual migration of over 1.5 million white-bearded wildebeest. It is also home to 250,000 zebra and several Nile crocodile.
- Robben Island: located less than 7 km west of the coast of Bloubergstrand, Cape Town, Robben Island is the place where former president of South Africa spent 18 of the 27 years of his prison life.
- Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: If you are looking for adventure, then do take a trip to Tanzania where you will encounter the towering Mount Kilimanjaro.
- Africa is the second largest and second most populous continent in the world.
- It was formerly known as Ifriqiya or sunny place.
- Before Africa fell prey to colonial rule, some 10,000 different states and autonomous groups comprised the continent.
- Sahara is the largest desert in the world.
- Victoria is Africa's largest lake. It is also the largest tropical lake in the world, and the second largest freshwater lake in the world.
- The longest river in the world is the Nile River.
- Ancient Egypt’s Pharaonic civilization is the oldest literate civilization in the world.
- The continent is rich in natural resources, especially coal, petroleum, natural gas, uranium, radium, iron ores, diamond, and gold.
- South Africa, alone, contributes to around 50 per cent of the manufacturing output of the entire continent.