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Biography of Harry S. Truman

Harry S. Truman was the President of the United States from 1945 to 1953. His presidency was marked by the use of nuclear weapons during World War II. The Cold War between the Democratic West and the Communist East also started during his political tenure. Truman died on 26th December, 1972.
Harry S. Truman
Early Life and Marriage Harry S. Truman was born to John Anderson Truman and Martha Ellen Young Truman on 8th May, 1884. Truman's father was a livestock seller and farmer. Harry S. Truman graduated from Independence High School in 1901. He enlisted in the United States military in 1917. Harry Truman participated in World War I as a soldier in the Missouri National Guard. He returned from the war as a colonel. Harry S. Truman married Bess Wallace on 28th June, 1919. The marriage was a happy one and resulted in the birth of a daughter, Mary Margaret Truman, in 1924.

Political Inklings The post World War I era saw Harry Truman becoming a County Court judge of Jackson County's eastern district for the Democratic Party. His "Ten Year Plan" dramatically improved the finances of Jackson County. Truman became the director of the Federal Re-Employment Program in 1933.

Truman Committee Harry S. Truman became a U.S. Senator in 1934 from Missouri. He was re-elected in 1940. One of Truman's many contributions to the U.S. War effort during World War II is the Truman committee's cost saving measures. The committee was entrusted with the task of minimizing non-essential military expenses occurred during the war. The success of the Truman Committee was to catapult Truman into the political consciousness of the United States.
President of the United States Harry S. Truman became a vice-president to President Theodore Roosevelt on 20th January, 1945. He served only a few months as the vice-President, when the untimely death of President Roosevelt elevated him to the Presidency. Truman became the 33rd President of the United States after the incumbent President, Franklin D. Roosevelt died on 12th April, 1945.

Manhattan Project Harry S. Truman's presidency in its initial years was dominated by the events of the Second World War. The development and culmination of the Manhattan Project occurred during Truman's time. The Manhattan Project was a military effort that resulted in the nuclear bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. President Truman authorized the use of nuclear bombs during World War II. The logic was that, the devastation of a nuclear strike would force the Japanese to surrender-and they did.

Post World War II Harry S. Truman exhibited striking leadership skills after World War II. The European reconstruction guideline of the Marshall Plan was created under his political tutelage. The Truman Doctrine bears the US President's well thought out hallmark. The Cold War strategy of formulating a central Department of Defense was also brought about by Harry Truman. The 1947 National Security Act laid the path of the creation of the National Security Council and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Truman was also a strong advocate of the North American Treaty Organization (NATO).


The United States recognized the Jewish nation of Israel when President Truman was in the Oval office. Israel declared itself an independent nation in 1948. The Berlin airlift also took place during Truman's tenure.

The Truman administration was particularly successful in upholding and ensuring civil rights for all US citizens irrespective of color. He ended segregationist policies relating to the army and the workplace. The economic outlook of the United States also improved considerably during Truman's presidency.

Last DaysHarry S. Truman won two presidential terms. The first was from 1945 to 1949. The second was from 1949 to 1953. He did not contest the 1953 US election. He was succeeded by Dwight D. Eisenhower.

Harry S. Truman died on the 5th of December, 1972. The cause of death was multiple organ failure and pneumonia.



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Dwight D. Eisenhower BiographyUlysses S. Grant BiographyJames Madison Biography
Harry S. Truman BiographyAndrew Johnson BiographyThomas Jefferson Biography
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Calvin Coolidge Biography 

Last Updated Date: July 08, 2016


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