- Georgia Counties - Georgia County Map, Map of Georgia Counties
- Major Cities of Georgia - Atlanta, Savannah
- Neighbouring States - Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Florida, Alabama
- Regional Maps - Map of USA
- Other Georgia Maps - Where is Georgia, Georgia Physical Map, Georgia Airports Map, Georgia Lat Long Map, Georgia Zip Code Map, Georgia Area Code Map, Georgia Nationaal Parks Map
Explore this Georgia Map to know everything you want to know. Learn about the location of this state in the United States of America. Check out its geography, time zones, history, major cities, national parks, trails, flag, capital, and many more.
Georgia is the 4th state of the United States, which was admitted to the union on January 2, 1788. Atlanta is Georgia’s capital city. It is also the largest city and the largest metro-urban area in Georgia state.
English and Spanish are the major spoken languages. Georgia is currently the 29th populous state in the US. While “Peach State” and “Empire State of the South” are its nicknames, “Wisdom, Justice, Moderation” is the State Motto. Learn more about this US state from Facts of Georgia.
Georgia’s state flag has three horizontal stripes: Red, White, and Red (from the top). The flag also features a blue canton. It features a gold-colored coat of arms of Georgia, surrounded by a ring of 13 five-pointed white stars. These stars represent the original Thirteen Colonies. In April 1775, these 13 Colonies started fighting the American Revolutionary War. Ultimately, they declared complete independence on July 4, 1776, and formed the United States of America.
Georgia’s coat of arms consists of:
- An arch that symbolizes the constitution of the state.
- Three pillars symbolize the government’s three branches.
- “Wisdom, Justice, and Moderation”, the state motto, is wrapped around the pillars.
- A male figure wearing an American Revolutionary War dress is seen guarding the pillars.
- A drawn sword is there in the arms of the male soldier. It symbolizes that the male figure is there to defend the state’s constitution.
- “In God, We Trust”, an additional state motto, is engraved below the coat of arms elements.
The width-to-length ratio of the Georgia flag is 3 to 5. The current design of the flag was adopted on February 19, 2003.
Georgia State Symbols
The Georgia emblem, or the Great Seal of the State of Georgia, is almost identical to Georgia’s coat of arms in the flag. In addition to the flag’s coat of arms defined above, a border surrounds it. Outside the arms, “State of Georgia, 1776” is inscribed.
The seal’s back side has a different design. It features:
- On the coast of Georgia state, where you can see an American flag-bearing ship arriving to take cotton and tobacco abroad. It symbolizes the export trade of the state.
- A smaller boat can also be seen in the image. It represents the internal traffic of the state.
- A man can be seen plowing in the left part of the image. It also shows a flock of sheep.
- The “Agriculture and Commerce, 1776” motto is inscribed outside the image.
Though the seal’s original design was approved in 1777, the current version was adopted in 1914.
The early history of Georgia can be traced back 10,000 to 12,000 years ago. Small, seasonally occupied camps of the Paleo-Indian period’s migratory hunters can be found here. The Woodland culture emerged in the 1000 BCE to 900 CE period, followed by the Mississippian culture in and around 700 CE.
The first European expedition to this land area was done by Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto in around 1540. However, the advent of Europeans led to the decimation of the Mississippian culture, the indigenous population, and its highly organized agriculturalists. In 1732, George II granted the charter to establish the colony of Georgia. This led to the large-scale migration of English people to North America in the 17th Century.
In 1733, Savannah became Georgia’s first English Settlement. On the direction of James Edward Oglethorpe, a philanthropist and a soldier, a tightly structured settlement system was designed in Savannah. While slavery was abolished, small farm tracts and outlying garden cultivation wwereas encouraged for yeoman farmers in both towns and villages. In 1752, the trustees surrendered all power in the colony to the British government after facing emigration and unrest. After this, plantation agriculture took center stage. Plantation agriculture was heavily dependent on slavery, and it went on to become the economy of the colony. On January 2, 1788, Georgia became a state of the USA.
The American Revolution was a chaotic time for most Georgians. The response of Georgia to revolutionary tensions was complex. Many civil wars took place between patriots and loyalists. Once the revolution was complete, the settlement started to expand westwards. The expansion began in Augusta and continued to central Georgia (especially the “cotton counties”.)
Though the British started westward expansion, it was soon taken over by the American settlers. In the mid-18th century, the indigenous lands of Muskogee and Cherokee were encroached by the settlers. In the 1790s, large-scale commercial agriculture (mainly cotton cultivation) started after the native Americans were forced to leave their lands. The systematic removal of Muskogee and Cherokee people continued for decades, finally leading to the forced infamous Trail of Tears migration of 1838–39.
Slavery became an indispensable part of the Georgian economy in the mid-19th century. The American Civil War started in 1861. At that time, most of the white southerners joined the war in favor of the Confederacy and built the Confederate States of America to defend the rights of the slave owners and continue slavery. The Union army under Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman started their Georgian conquest in 1864 from the north and captured the southeast by December.
Slavery was abolished after the Civil War, which led to the rise of sharecropping. While the whites remained owners, blacks predominantly were the laborers. The pattern continued in the late 1910s and early 1920s. Reconstruction of Georgia was violent as the Ku Klux Klan killed hundreds of African Americans. Thomas E. Watson led a political alliance of farmers in the 1890s to defeat the conservatives and white supremacists.
The industrial economy was promoted in the late 19th century. Textile and iron manufacturing expanded in the 1880s and 1890s. Depending on railroad transportation, Atlanta quickly became a commercial center of the state.
During World War 1, many black people of Georgia left the state and migrated to the north. Thousands of sharecroppers were forced out of farming during the Great Depression of the 1930s. The economic reforms proposed by US President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal policies undermined the traditional farmers’ dominance. A government-regulated economy (against the laissez-faire economy) to balance conflicting economic interests was promoted to increase employment and revive the economy.
Military bases in Georgia increased during World War 2, revitalizing the state’s economy. The segregation of African Americans started getting challenged after WW2. Martin Luther King, Jr. led the civil rights movement. However, in 1868, he was assassinated. His grave has become a national historic site now. In 1972, African American Andrew Young was elected to the US Congress. In 1973, Maynard Jackson got elected as mayor of Atlanta. Jimmy Carter became the first Georgian to be elected president of the USA.
Georgia Location Map shows the exact location of the US state of Georgia on the US map. It also shows the boundaries of states in the US, neighboring countries, and oceans.
The state of Georgia is situated in the southeastern region of the US. It shares its border with North Carolina and Tennessee (in the north), South Carolina (in the northeast), Florida (in the south), the Atlantic Ocean (in the southeast), and Alabama (in the east).
Its precise location is 30.356–34.985° N Latitude and 80.840–85.605° W Longitude. To learn more about the location, check the Georgia Longitude and Latitude Map.
This state is spread across a total area of 59,425 sq mi (153,909 sq km), out of which 57,906 sq mi (149,976 sq km) is land area and 1,519 sq mi (3,933 sq km) is water area. In terms of area, it is the 24th largest state in the United States.
The geographical area of Georgia has four predominant features:
- In the northwest part of the state, Ridge-and-valley Appalachians are situated.
- In the northeast part of the state, the Blue Ridge Mountains are situated.
- In the central part of the state, the Piedmont plateau is situated.
- In the southern part of the state, the Coastal Plain is situated.
Brasstown Bald is the highest point in Georgia. It is situated around 1,458 m (4,783 ft) above sea level. The Atlantic Ocean is the lowest elevation level in the state. Twiggs County is the geographic center of the state. Sandstone, limestone, sedimentary rocks, and shale are abundant in the northwest corner of Georgia. Check this Georgia Topographic Map to learn more.
Learn about the location of mountain peaks, rivers, lakes, the state capital, state boundary, ocean, and neighboring states from this Physical Map of Georgia.
Georgia has 159 counties, which is the second-highest number of counties in a state (after Texas). Ware County is the largest county having a total area of 903 sq mi (2,339 sq km). Clarke County is the smallest country in Georgia, having a total area of 121 sq mi (313 sq km). Check out the location and boundaries of different counties in the Georgia County Map.
Georgia Area Codes
Currently, the US State of Georgia has ten telephone area codes. They are:
The Georgia Area Codes Map helps you locate a particular area code and also shows the area code boundary, county and state boundaries, and state capital.
Georgia Zip Codes
There are 699 active zip codes in Georgia. Some of the best zip codes to live in are
30339, 30005, 30328, 30309, 30068, 30009, 30022, 30004, 30290, 30097, and many more. The Georgia Zip Code Map helps you locate a particular zip code’s location and shows the zip code boundary, state boundary, and state capital.
Georgia Major Cities
Georgia cities map helps you learn about the state’s major cities and locations. It also showcases the state capital, state boundary, other cities, neighboring states and oceans, and many more.
Georgia’s largest and major cities are Atlanta, Macon, Augusta, Columbus, Sandy Springs, Athens, Savannah, Johns Creek, Roswell, South Fulton, and many more. Check out the Georgia Cities Map for more details.
The busiest airports in Georgia are Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport, Savannah/Hilton Head International Airport, Augusta Regional Airport (Bush Field), and many more. Check the location of different airports (both public-use and military) in the state on the Georgia Airports Map. This map also shows Georgia’s state and country boundaries, cities, the state capital, neighboring states, and oceans.
Georgia National Park and Trails
Georgia has 11 national parks. Around 6,706,170 visitors visit these national parks annually. Major national parks in the state are Appalachian, Arabia Mountain National Heritage Area, Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area, Cumberland Island National Seashore, Ocmulgee Mounds National Historical Park, and others.
In Georgia, you can enjoy around 1,476 recreational trails (hiking, backpacking, mountain biking, and other adventurous trails). Some of the most popular ones are Mount Yonah Trail, Raven Cliff Falls Trail, East Palisades Trail and Bamboo Forest, Amicalola Falls through East Ridge Loop Trail, etc.
Check out the locations of different national parks, monuments, preserves, and more details in the National Parks in Georgia Map.
You’ll find a humid subtropical climate in most parts of Georgia. Hot and humid summers are usually found in most parts of the state. The winters are mild and short; however, climatic conditions change in the highest elevation areas. The mountainous terrain makes the northwest region cooler than other parts of the state.
The average temperature in the mountains remains 39 °F (4 °C) in January and 78 °F (26 °C) in July. The average daytime temperature during summer usually remains above 95 °F (35 °C). You can commonly experience tropical cyclones and tornadoes in Georgia.
Moderate to heavy precipitation levels, including in the North Georgia mountains, occur throughout the state. While central Georgia receives around 75 inches (1905 mm) of rainfall, the northeastern part of the state gets 45 inches (1143 mm).
Georgia Time Zones
The time zone of most of Georgia is UTC−05:00 (Eastern). Georgia’s Summer (DST) time zone is UTC−04:00 (EDT).
FAQs on Georgia
FAQ #1: What Timezone is Georgia in?
Ans: The timezone of Georgia is UTC−05:00 (Eastern). The Summer (DST) time zone of the state is UTC−04:00 (EDT).
FAQ #2: What is the Capital of Georgia?
Ans: Atlanta is the capital of Georgia.
FAQ #3: Does it Snow in Georgia?
Ans: Small amount of snowfall takes place around Georgia. In the northern parts of Georgia, the potential for snow increases.
FAQ #4: What is Georgia Known For?
Ans: Georgia is known for being the birthplace of Martin Luther King Junior, Peaching Farming, the world’s largest drive-in restaurant (Varsity), Stone Mountain Park, Rock City, Savannah Historic District, Okefenokee Swamp, Georgia peanuts, Jekyll Island, and many more.
FAQ #5: Where is Georgia? What Region is Georgia in?
Ans: Georgia is situated in the USA’s southeastern region.
FAQ #6: How Many People Live in Georgia?
Ans: In 2022, the population of Georgia state is estimated to be 10.85 million, making it the 8th largest state (in terms of population).
FAQ #7: Are There Alligators in Georgia?
Ans: Yes, you’ll find alligators in Georgia, USA. According to estimates, the state has around 200,000-250,000 alligators.
FAQ #8: How Far is Georgia From Florida?
Ans: Air distance between Georgia and Florida is 321 miles (516 km).
FAQ #9: How Far Is Georgia From Texas?
Ans: Air distance between Georgia and Texas is 997 miles (1,604 km).
FAQ #10: Is Georgia a Republican State?
Ans: During US Presidential Elections, Republican candidates have won most of the time since 1976. In the last 12 elections, the Republican candidate has won 8-times (1984, 1988, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, and 2016). The Democratic candidate has won 4-times (1976, 1980, 1992, and 2020). In the last US Presidential Election 2020, Democratic candidate Joe Biden won from Georgia by a slender margin.