About Ohio State
Also known as the ‘Buckeye State,’ Ohio was the 17th State to join the Union on March 1st, 1803. The name of the state is derived from an Iroquois word ‘Ohi-Yo,’ which translates to Great River or Large Creek. The people of Ohio are also known as Buckeyes, as the state has buckeye trees in abundance. The capital of Ohio and the largest city in the state is Columbus, while the largest metros in the state are Cleveland and Cincinnati.
History of Ohio
Archaeological evidence shows that people have been living in the regions of Ohio since 13,000 BC. Between 1000 BC to 800 BC, there were semi-permanent villages set up across the Ohio Valley. In 1650, the Iroquois Indians lived in the areas between the Ohio River and Great Lake.
The region was claimed by the French in the 18th century, who set up trading posts in the region, for the purpose of controlling the fur trade industry that was booming in the region. After the French and Indian War in 1754, the British colonial possession followed. By the end of the American Revolution, the British conceded their control of the region to the growing United States.
Ohio was then included in the great Northwest Territory. The region eventually received statehood status on March 1st, 1803, but it was never formally declared. It wasn't until 1953 that President Dwight Eisenhower officially signed the original documents that the formal declaration was made.
Geography of Ohio
Ohio is located in the Midwest region of the United States. The state is bordered by Ontario, Canada to the north, Michigan to the northwest, Pennsylvania to the east, Indiana to the west, Kentucky to the south, and Virginia to the southeast.
The Ohio River defines the state's southern border, while much of the northern border is defined by Lake Erie. The state features glaciated plains and low mountain peaks. The tallest peak of Ohio is Campbell Hill at 1,539 feet.
Travel Destinations in Ohio
Ohio is a treasure chest full of small boxes, each having a hidden delight waiting to be experienced. Allowing a four-season outdoor experience, the state greets travelers with proud Midwest culture. From the fern-filled valleys to the Appalachian foothills, the 'Buckeye State' opens up your senses.
Comprising of 16 roller coasters and 72 rides, Cedar Point in Sandusky, is one of the most popular amusement parks in the US. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland, is a pilgrimage site for many music enthusiasts, featuring exhibits and collections of the most influential musicians of all time. The Columbus Zoo and Aquarium houses over 7,000 animals representing over 800 species.
The Hocking Hills State Park is a rugged natural area that's famous for its camping facilities and hiking trails. Cuyahoga Valley National Park, Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historic Park, Franklin Park Conservatory, Great Lakes Science Center, and the Cincinnati Museum Center are other prominent attractions in Ohio.
Transportation in Ohio
- By Air - The Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, nine miles southwest of downtown Cleveland, is served by major airlines in North America.
- By Train - The Capitol Limited, Lake Shore Limited and Cardinal are the Amtrak trains serving the state.
- By Road - Network of Interstate Highways (I-71, I-90, I-80, I-70, and I-75) and U.S. Routes (US 62, US 20, US 6, US 30, and US 22) traverse through the state.
Education in Ohio
There are 700 school districts in Ohio. For higher education, the state has one of the largest university systems in the US. Notable universities include Xavier University in Cincinnati for being one of the top Catholic colleges in the country; the University of Dayton for its highly ranked entrepreneurship program and high level of student happiness; and Ohio State University, which is one of the top public universities in the country.Know more here
Facts about Ohio
Last Updated on: February 21, 2019
- The state derives its name from the Ohio River.
- Columbus is capital of Ohio.
- Fifty percent of the US population lives within 500-mile radius of Columbus. More Facts...