Map of Arizona
Explore this Map of Arizona to know everything you want to know about the 48th state of the US. Learn about this state’s location in the United States of America. Also, check out its geography, time zones, history, major cities, area and zip codes, national parks, trails, flag, seal, capital, frequently asked questions (FAQs), and many more.
Arizona is the 48th state in the United States. On February 14, 1912, it was admitted to the Union. Phoenix is Arizona’s capital and also the largest city and metro-urban area.
This state’s official language is English. English, Spanish, and Navajo are the most spoken languages in the state. In the US, Arizona is the 14th most populous state. “The Grand Canyon State”, “The Valentine State”, and “The Copper State” are the nicknames of this state. “Ditat Deus” (which means “God enriches”) is the State Motto.
Check Key Facts of Arizona to learn more about this US state.
The flag of Arizona was adopted on February 27, 1917, just five years after it attained statehood. Col Charles W. Harris designed this flag.
The Arizona flag has two distinct halves:
- Top Half: It consists of 13 alternating yellow and red colored rays, which represent 13 original colonies in America. The red and yellow colors in the rays refer to the actual colors in the Spanish flags that Spanish explorer Francisco Vázquez de Coronado carried when he first visited Arizona in 1540.
- Bottom Half: A solid blue field is there at the flag’s bottom.
Center: At the flag’s center, you’ll find a large superimposed, large five-pointed copper-colored star. It identifies the state as copper’s largest producer in the US.
The official state seal of Arizona is available in black and white, as well as, colored versions. However, the black & white version of the seal is regarded as the official one.
The design of this seal has two parts:
- Inner Circle: It consists of images symbolizing climate, mining, farming, time, and ranching. In the background of the seal’s image, you’ll see:
- A Mountain Range
- Sun is seen rising from behind the peaks of the mountains.
- An artificial lake or storage reservoir and a dam can be seen on the right-hand side of the mountains.
- Orchards and irrigated fields can be seen at the center of the seal’s image.
- Grazing cattle can be seen on the lower right side of the image.
- On the mountain’s left-hand side, you’ll find a quartz mill and a miner (who is seen holding a shovel and pick).
- “Ditat Deus” (“God Enriches”), the motto of Arizona, is written above the drawing.
The reservoir, along with the sun, represents Arizona’s sunny and dry climate. Grazing cattle represent ranching, a popular economic activity in the state.
- Outer Circle (Surrounding the Inner Circle): “Great Seal of the State of Arizona” is written at the upper section of the outer ring that surrounds the inner circle. 1912 (the year in which Arizona attained statehood) is written at the bottom of the ring.
The Arizona Location Map shows the exact location of the US state of Arizona on the United States map. This map also shows the US state’s boundaries, neighboring countries, and oceans.
The state of Arizona is situated in the Western USA. It shares its border with:
- Utah (in the north)
- Colorado (in the northeast)
- New Mexico (in the east)
- Nevada (in the northwest)
- California (in the west)
- Mexican states of Baja California and Sonora (in the southwest and south)
Arizona’s precise location is 31°20′ N to 37° N Latitude and 109°03′ W to 114°49′ W Longitude. Check the Arizona Longitude and Latitude Map to learn more about the location.
The earliest evidence of material culture in the Arizona region can be traced back to over 25,000 years. People belonging to the Cochise culture lived in the current southeastern region of Arizona from over 10,000 years ago to around 500 BCE. The prehistoric societies in Arizona started developing around 2,000 years back. They were mainly Native American groups such as:
- Anasazi (Ancestral Pueblo)
All these Native American groups were highly organized and advanced. During 1100-1500 CE, the nomadic Navajo and Apache groups of people arrived in the current Arizona region.
The first Europeans (documented) arrived in Arizona back in the 1530s. A Franciscan priest named Fray Marcos de Niza arrived here in 1539. A well-armed Spanish expedition team led by Francisco Vázquez de Coronado visited Arizona in 1540. Antonio de Espejo, a Spanish explorer, was guided by the Hopi tribe members in 1583 to the metal ore sites.
In the hope of converting Native Americans to Christianity, many Franciscan missionaries established in the Hopi villages by 1675. However, in 1680, the region-wide Pueblo Rebellion drove the Spaniards away. The first Roman Catholic churches were built in southern Arizona’s upper Santa Cruz Valley in the 1700s. The Hispanics also started to pour in during this time. However, the Apache raiders confined them to the valley only.
In 1848, the Arizona region became a part of New Mexico and was finally ceded to the United States of America. After the Mexican-American War, the Arizona territory became independent in 1963.
East of Yuma, Jacob Snively discovered gold in Gila City. This led to large-scale gold mining in 1858. In 1886, Geronimo (a leader of Apache warriors who kept settlers away from the tribal lands) surrendered at Skeleton Canyon to General Nelson Miles. Phoenix became the capital of Arizona in 1889.
In 1908, the Grand Canyon was declared a national monument. It was designated as a national park in 1919. In 1911, the Theodore Roosevelt Dam was created. On February 14, 1912, Arizona was admitted to the Union as the 48th state of the USA. Women were granted their right to exert their vote in 1912.
Arizona is spread across a total area of 113,990 sq mi (295,234 sq km). It is the 6th largest state in the United States in terms of size.
The geographical area of Arizona has four significant landforms:
- The Grand Canyon: It is the most celebrated landform of Arizona. This international icon is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In Colorado Plateau’s southwestern part, this landform is the Colorado River and its tributaries’ huge gorge. The Grand Canyon is spread across 18 miles (29 km) in the broadest section. It is 6,000 feet (1,828.8 m) deep in the deepest area. As you see from the rim to the gorge’s depths, you’ll find dramatically multicolored rock strata.
- The Painted Desert: This geographical terrain includes a tract of:
- Colorful Badlands
You’ll find a Petrified Forest National Park that includes:
- Banded knobs
- Cobble-strewn gullies
- Grasslands in the region
- Collection of fossils, including 200 million years old petrified logs
It can be found in the Navajo Section, the part of the Colorado Plateau in northeastern Arizona.
- Mogollon Rim:
It is a transition zone that includes a belt of mighty escarpments. Mogollon Rim features cliffs that are as high as 2,000 feet (610 m). This geographical area includes:
- Woods in the Colorado Plateau have mixed conifers and are located at high elevations.
- Parts of the Rocky Mountains
- Desert scrub
You’ll find The Coconino National Forest in this area, which enables you to explore:
- The Mogollon
- The Rim Road/General Cook Trail Loop
- Sky Islands:
The Sky Islands include isolated mountain range series. It is spread across:
- Chihuahuan Desert grasslands (in southeastern Arizona)
- Adjoining areas in New Mexico
- Adjoining regions in northern Mexico
- The Madrean Sky Islands (also called The Madrean Archipelago)
This geographical region is known for its biological diversity. In the higher elevations, you’ll find certain temperate trees and shrubs (primarily southerly populations). You’ll discover northerly populations of subtropical species. The vast biological diversity ensures you will find many endemic organisms in many ranges in the Sky Islands’ geographical landform. Check this Arizona Topographic Map to learn more.
Learn about the location of mountain peaks, rivers, lakes, the state capital, state boundary, ocean, and neighboring states from this Physical Map of Arizona.
Arizona has 15 counties. Coconino County is the largest county, having a total area of 18,661 sq mi (48,332 sq km). Santa Cruz County is the smallest county, having a total area of 1,238 sq mi (3,206 sq km). Check the Arizona County Map to learn more about the location and boundaries of different counties in the state.
The US State of Arizona has 5 area codes:
- 480: This area code includes Pinal County, Maricopa County, Fountain Hills, Apache Junction, San Tan Valley, Queen Creek, Gilbert, Chandler, Tempe, Scottsdale, and Mesa.
- 520: The area code includes Southern Arizona, such as Tombstone, Casa Grande, Nogales, and Tucson.
- 602: Phoenix city (excluding Ahwatukee) uses this telephone area code.
- 623: Glendale, Peoria, Surprise, Litchfield Park, Sun City, Buckeye, Tolleson, Avondale, and Goodyear are served by this area code.
- 928: Some prominent places that come under this area code are the Grand Canyon, Yuma, Kingman, Bullhead City, Lake Havasu City, Prescott, Payson, and Flagstaff.
The Arizona Area Codes Map helps you locate a particular area code. You can also use it to learn more about the area code boundary, county and state boundaries, and state capital.
There are 398 active zip codes in Arizona. Some of the best zip codes to live in include 85286, 85226 (Chandler), 85044, 85045, 85048 (Phoenix), 85284 (Tempe), and 85711 (Tucson), and many more. You can locate a particular zip code’s location, boundary, state boundary, and state capital with the help of the Arizona Zip Codes Map.
Arizona Major Cities
Learn about the state’s major cities from this Arizona cities map. It also helps you to know the exact location of the state capital, other cities, state boundaries, neighboring states and oceans, and many more.
Some of Arizona’s most prominent cities are Phoenix, Mesa, Tucson, Scottsdale, Chandler, and many more. Check out the Arizona Cities Map for more details.
The busiest airports in Arizona are Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport, Tucson International Airport, Phoenix-Mesa Gateway Airport, etc. Check the location of different airports in the state on the Arizona Airport Map. This map also shows Arizona’s state and country boundaries, cities, the state capital, neighboring states, and oceans.
Arizona National Park and Trails
Arizona has twenty-two national parks. Around 7,657,768 visitors visit these national parks annually. Major national parks in the state are Grand Canyon National Park, Petrified Forest National Park, Saguaro National Park, and others.
In Arizona, you can enjoy around 3,237 recreational trails (hiking, backpacking, mountain biking, and other adventurous trails). Devils Bridge Trail, Camelback Mountain (through Echo Canyon Trail), Cathedral Rock Trail, etc., are some of the most popular trails in Arizona. Check out the National Parks in Arizona Map to get a clear idea about the locations of different national parks, monuments, preserves, etc.
The climatic condition in Arizona ranges from arid to semi-arid conditions. The state’s southwest region (such as Yuma) gets just 3 inches (76.2 mm) of precipitation. East central Arizona (especially the White Mountain region) gets around 40 inches (1,016 mm) of precipitation.
The desert in the southwestern part of Arizona remains hot. In this region, the daytime temperature in summer hovers from 105 °F (40.56 °C) to 115 °F (46.11 °C). During winter, the daytime temperature remains in the lower 60s °F (lower 15.55s °C). The temperature at nighttime in the desert during winters usually remains below freezing point. However, in other parts of Arizona, the night temperature drops to 20s °F (-6.67 °C).
To learn more about the climatic condition of Arizona, check out the Key Facts of Arizona.
Arizona Time Zones
The time zone in most parts of Arizona is UTC−07:00 (Mountain) and in Navajo Nation, it is UTC−07:00 (Mountain). Its Summer (DST) time zone is UTC−06:00 (MDT).
FAQs on Arizona
FAQ #1: What Time Zone Is Arizona? Is Arizona In Pacific Time?
Ans: UTC−07:00 (Mountain) is the time zone in most of Arizona (including the Navajo Nation). UTC−06:00 (MDT) is the Summer (DST) time zone in the state.
FAQ #2: What To Do In Arizona?
Ans: You can do a lot of things in Arizona, such as visiting Antelope Canyon, Tombstone’s Wild West, Drive Route 66, Taliesin West, Lowell Observatory, Monument Valley Navajo Tribal Park, Bedrock City’s Meet the Flintstones, Mission San Xavier del Bac, and many more.
FAQ #3: What Is The Capital Of Arizona?
Ans: Phoenix is the capital of Arizona.
FAQ #4: Does It Snow In Arizona?
Ans: Yes, it snows in Arizona. The northern part of the state gets more than 75 inches (1,905 mm) of snow every year. At the ski resorts, 260 inches (6,604 mm) of snowfall occur annually.
FAQ #5: How Many People Live In Arizona?
Ans: The population of Arizona is estimated to be 7.4 million in 2022.
FAQ #6: Is Arizona A Republican State?
Ans: Traditionally, Arizona is a Republican state. However, in the 2020 US Presidential Election, the state voted for the Democrats and turned blue.
FAQ #7: What To Do In Phoenix Arizona?
Ans: You can visit Desert Botanical Garden, Heard Museum, Phoenix Art Museum, camelback Mountain, Musical Instrument Museum, Phoenix Zoo, OdySea Aquarium, Papago Park, and many more.
FAQ #8: When Did Arizona Become A State?
Ans: On February 14, 1912, Arizona became a state and was admitted to the Union.
FAQ #9: Who Is The Governor Of Arizona?
Ans: Republican Party Doug Ducey is the Governor of Arizona.
FAQ #10: What Is The State Bird Of Arizona?
Ans: Cactus Wren (Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus) is Arizona’s state bird. It is a brown-colored bird having a speckled chest.