The state of Florida is located in the southeastern region of the United States. True to its “Sunshine State” tag, Florida is famous for sunny weather, pulpier oranges, glamorous coastline, abundant golf courses, and amusement parks. Florida achieved statehood on March 3, 1845.
History of Florida
Archaeological evidence shows that the first inhabitants of the state were the Paleo-Indians who arrived approximately 14,000 years ago. Before the Europeans landed here in the 16th century, several American Indian tribes lived in the region, such as Apalachee, Tocobaga, Timucua, Calusa, and Tequesta.
The Spanish explorer, Juan Ponce de Leon, was the first European to set foot in the region in 1513. For the next one hundred years, Florida was settled by the Spanish and the French. Great Britain was able to gain control over the region after defeating the French.
The Spanish regained control over the Florida regions after defeating the English. By 1819, the Florida regions were sold to the United States for $5 million under the Adams-Onis Treaty.
Geography of Florida
Florida is located in the southeastern US and borders Alabama & Georgia to the North, the Atlantic Ocean to the East, the Gulf of Mexico to the West, and the straits of Florida to its South. Its proximity to the Bahamas, Central America, and South America has created a unique culture that is quintessentially Floridian. The “flowery land” is the only state bordering both the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico.
At only 344 feet, (105 meters) above sea level, Britton Hill is the highest natural point in the state. Florida has 19 official metropolitan areas, with Miami being the largest in the state. Jacksonville is the largest city in Florida, and the entire county, by area.
Tourism in Florida
Over 60 million people visit the state each year due to its balmy weather and miles of pristine coastline. From Art Deco architecture of downtown Miami to old-school Aviles Street in St Augustine, Florida is an ideal holiday destination.
The most visited amusement parks in Orlando
include the Universal Orlando Resort, the Busch Gardens, and SeaWorld. The Walt Disney World Resort, at Lake Buena Vista, is the largest vacation resort in the world.
Other popular cities to visit are Tampa, St. Petersburg, Tallahassee, Fort Lauderdale, Ft. Myers, and St. Augustine. The Everglades National Park, Key West, Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex, Busch Gardens, and Wakulla Springs are very popular places to visit in Florida.
Transportation in Florida
- By Air – Miami International Airport is a major hub of American Airlines and thus, connected by intercontinental flights.
- By Train – Amtrak trains (Silver Star, Silver Meteor, and Auto Train) connect Florida with northeastern states.
- By Road – Primary interstate routes in the state are I-4, I-10, I-75, and I-95. Florida's Turnpike runs through 11 counties in Florida.
Education in Florida
There are eleven public universities in the State University System of Florida, which was founded in 1905. The annual college tuition in Florida is one of the lowest in the country. Each county in the state is also a school district. Know more here
Facts about Florida
- Florida was the 27th state to enter the union on March 3rd, 1845.
- Florida has the longest coastline (among 48 contiguous states) and has 669 miles of beaches.
- The state produces approximately 67% of the US citrus fruits.
- Tallahassee is the state capital and Jacksonville is the largest city in Florida. More Facts...
Infographics Related to Florida
|1||Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve||46,000 acres (18,616 ha)||16. Feb. 1988||Jacksonville, Florida, USA|
|2||Canaveral National Seashore||57,662 acres (23,335 ha)||3. Jan. 1975||Brevard County and Volusia County, Florida, USA|
Last Updated on: November 2nd, 2017
|List of Florida Golf Courses||Location|
|Mill Cove Golf Club||Jacksonville|
|Pembroke Lakes Golf Club||Pembroke Pines|
|Marcus Pointe Golf Club||Pensacola|