The state of Florida is located in the southeastern region of the United States. True to its “Sunshine State” tag, Florida is famous for sunny weather, pulpier oranges, glamorous coastline, abundant golf courses, and amusement parks. Florida achieved statehood on March 3, 1845.
History of Florida
Archaeological evidence shows that the first inhabitants in the state were the Paleo-Indians who arrived approximately 14,000 years ago. Before the Europeans landed here in the 16th century, several American Indian tribes lived in the region such as Apalachee, Tocobaga, Timucua, Calusa, and Tequesta.
The Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon was the first European to set foot in the region in 1513. Over the following hundred years, Florida was settled by the Spanish and the French. Great Britain was able to gain control over the region after defeating the French and the 'Treaty of Paris' (also known as 'Treaty of 1863') – set of treaties which ended the American Revolutionary War – was implemented in 1763.
The Spanish regained control over the East and West Florida regions after defeating the English. By 1819, both the regions were given to the United States for $5 million under the Adams-Onis Treaty, and were united once again.
Geography of Florida
Florida is located in the southeastern U.S. It borders Alabama and Georgia to the North, the Atlantic Ocean to the East, the Gulf of Mexico to the West, and the straits of Florida to its South. Its proximity to the Bahamas and South American countries has created a unique culture that is quintessentially Floridian. The “flowery land” is the only state bordering both the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico.
At only 105 meters above sea level, Britton Hill is the highest natural point in the state. It has a total of 19 metropolitan areas, with Miami being the largest in the state and in the southeastern U.S. Jacksonville is the most populous city in Florida, and also the largest city by area in the contiguous U.S.
Tourism in Florida
Over 60 million people visit the state each year due to its balmy weather and hundreds of miles of pristine coastline. From Art Deco architecture of downtown Miami to old-school Aviles Street of St Augustine, Florida is truly an ideal holiday destination.
The most visited amusement parks in Orlando
include the Universal Orlando Resort, the Busch Gardens, and SeaWorld. The Walt Disney World Resort, at Lake Buena Vista, is the largest vacation resort in the entire world.
Another popular cities to visit are: Tampa, St. Petersburg, Tallahassee, Fort Lauderdale, and St. Augustine. The Everglades National Park, Key West, Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex, Busch Gardens, and Wakulla Springs are famous places to visit in Florida.
Transportation in Florida
- By Air – Miami International Airport is a major hub of American Airlines and thus, connected by intercontinental flights.
- By Train – Amtrak trains (Silver Star, Silver Meteor, and Auto Train) connect Florida with northeastern states.
- By Road – Primary interstate routes in the state are: I-4, I-10, I-75, and I-95. Florida's Turnpike runs through 11 counties in Florida.
Education in Florida
There are eleven public universities in the State University System of Florida, which was founded in 1905. The annual college tuition in Florida is one of the lowest in the country. Each county in the state is also a school district. Know more here
Facts about Florida
- Florida was the 27th state to enter the union on March 3, 1845.
- It has the longest coastline (among 48 contiguous states) and has 669 miles of beaches.
- The state produces approximately 67% of citrus fruits in the U.S.
- Tallahassee is the state capital and Jacksonville is the largest city of Florida.
Infographics Related to Florida
|1||Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve||46,000 acres (186.16 km2)||16. Feb. 1988||Jacksonville, Florida, USA|
|2||Canaveral National Seashore||57,662 acres (23,335 ha)||3. Jan. 1975||Brevard County and Volusia County, Florida, USA|
Last Updated on: June 24, 2017
|List of Florida Golf Courses||Location|
|Mill Cove Golf Club||Jacksonville|
|Pembroke Lakes Golf Club||Pembroke Pines|
|Marcus Pointe Golf Club||Pensacola|