If we start to count from the date when the Declaration of Independence was adopted (July 4, 1776) by the United States of America, it will be 243 years old in the year 2019. It is with the approval of the Declaration of Independence by the thirteen original colonies that the United States ceased to be a British colony, and found its political identity as a sovereign country and an independent nation. The nation-building process was indeed a long and difficult task but the strength of the US is in its ability to constantly evolve and adapt to new global and domestic challenges.
If we look at the existence of the human population in the Americas, however, we have to head back over 30,000 years. Many believe that first migration to North America came by the way of Siberia through a land bridge that connected the eastern fringe of Asia with Alaska at the time.
Christopher Columbus’ ‘discovery’ of the New World, (October 12, 1492), brought European attention to North America, but this was well before the birth of the United States. This was 525 years ago.
There are a number of other significant political events that have shaped the US. The constitution of a country forms the basis of its legal and administrative systems, and the law of the land.
Ratification of the Constitution of the United States was done on June 21, 1788 – the day New Hampshire ratified it. New Hampshire was the last state that had to ratify the constitution for it to be adopted across the country.
Some argue that although the Declaration of Independence was adopted in 1776, the Union ceased to exist with the secession of the Southern States prior to the American Civil War. It is with the end of the Civil War (May 1865) that the country was recreated, one may say. With this theory, the US is 154 years old as of May 2019.
Regardless of these historic events and dates, the commonly accepted date of the birth of the USA is July 4, 1776.
While we may pick any one of these historic events to determine the birth of the United States, the commonly accepted date of the country’s birth remains July 4th, 1776.