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Which were the Original 13 Colonies of the United States? - Answers


Questions answered : 1466||Last updated on : August 4th, 2020 At 10:08am (ET)
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Which were the Original 13 Colonies of the United States?

Map Highlighting 13 Original Colonies of the United States
Map depicting 13 original colonies of the United States

The 13 original colonies, represented by the 13 stripes in the US flag, were the British colonies that rose in revolt against the British and declared their independence, thus giving birth to a new country – the United States of America. These colonies – New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia – together went on to form the United States.

By the time the British Empire established its very first colony in North America, other Europeans including the Dutch, the French, and the Spanish had already settled their colonies in the continent. The British colonies crystallized from the smaller divisions and territories which were previously existing and out of these, the 13 original colonies were all located along the Atlantic (eastern) coast. They were divided into 3 regions – New England Colonies, Middle Colonies, and Southern Colonies.

Here is a snapshot of the 13 original colonies:

Region Colony Year Founded
New England Colonies Province of New Hampshire 1623
Province of Massachusetts Bay 1620 (Plymouth Colony) & 1630 (Massachusetts Bay Colony)
Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations 1636
Connecticut Colony 1635
Middle Colonies Province of New York 1664
Province of New Jersey 1664
Province of Pennsylvania 1682
Delaware Colony 1638
Southern Colonies Province of Maryland 1634
Colony and Dominion of Virginia 1607
Province of North Carolina 1653
Province of South Carolina 1663
Province of Georgia 1732

Most of the colonies (except for Georgia), were thus established in the 1600s. By 1700, the population of these 13 colonies consisted of the Europeans, Africans, and Native Americans and was estimated to be well over 250,000. However, the British policy of mercantilism ensured that the people who labored hard rarely benefited from their efforts. This happened because much of the wealth made in the colonies were used in the upkeep of the Crown’s resources. Mounting taxes were another issue in the colonies. By 1775, the American Revolution broke out. The Second Continental Congress formed by these thirteen colonies adopted the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. This declaration marked the formation of the USA.

Related Maps:

New Hampshire Map
New Hampshire Map
Massachusetts Map
Massachusetts Map
Connecticut Map
Connecticut Map
Rhode Island Map
Rhode Island Map
New York Map
New York Map
New Jersey Map
New Jersey Map
Pennsylvania Map
Pennsylvania Map
Delaware Map
Delaware Map
Maryland Map
Maryland Map
Virginia Map
Virginia Map
North Carolina Map
North Carolina Map
South Carolina Map
South Carolina Map
Georgia Map
Georgia Map

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