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Facts about Europe

Quick Facts

Area10,180,000 sq. km.
Population742.5 million (2013)
CountriesAround 47
Major CitiesMoscow, Paris, London, Istanbul, and Madrid
Largest Country by AreaRussia
Largest Country by PopulationRussia
Smallest Country by AreaVatican City
Smallest Country by PopulationVatican City
Largest City by PopulationLondon, U.K.
Highest PointMt. Elbrus (5,642 meters), Caucasus Range, Russia
Lowest PointCaspian Sea (-28 meters), Russia
Major ReligionsCatholicism, Protestantism, and Eastern Orthodox
Major LanguagesGerman, French, English, Italian, Polish Spanish, Romanian, and Dutch

Europe Geography Facts
  • The Vatican City is Europe's smallest country by area and population.
  • Germany is Europe's largest country by population. Know about the Top 10 largest countries in Europe by population.
  • Mt. Elbrus (5,642 meters) in Russia is the highest point in Europe.
  • The Caspian Sea bordering Russia is the lowest point in Europe.
  • Out of the top 10 largest lakes in Europe, six are in Russia. The biggest is Lake Ladoga. Russia also home to the deepest lake in the world - Lake Baikal.
  • Europe's largest and longest river is the Volga that runs through central Russia.
  • The Kimmel Falls in Austria are the tallest in Europe.
  • Gouffre Mirolda in France is considered the deepest cave in Europe.
  • Vatnajokull glacier in Iceland is one of the biggest glaciers in the world.

Continent name: Europe
Story behind the name: It is widely believed that Europe is named after “Europa”, the Phoenician princess from Greek mythology.

Area: Europe has a land area of 10,181,000 square kilometers or 3,837,000 square miles.

Population: Upwards of 731,000,000, according to 2009 estimates.

Center of Europe: The location of the geographical center of Europe is widely contested, with over 10 cities/villages vying for this honor. Each claimant is right, as far as their methodology of marking the hypothetical center of Europe is concerned. Methodologies and their appropriateness are highly subjective, hence this contest is unlikely to have a clear winner. However, one of the finest “record keepers” of our times—the Guinness Book of World Records—states that the village of Bernotai in Lithuania is the geographic center of Europe. The government of Lithuania has erected a monument to mark the location – 54 degrees, 54 minutes latitude and 25 degrees, 19 minutes longitude.

Euro: Euro as a common currency is used by 23 countries:
  1. Austria
  2. Belgium
  3. Cyprus
  4. Estonia
  5. Finland
  6. France
  7. Germany
  8. Greece
  9. Ireland
  10. Italy
  11. Luxembourg
  12. Malta
  13. Netherlands
  14. Portugal
  15. Slovakia
  16. Slovenia
  17. Spain
  18. Montenegro (Not a member state of European Union)
  19. Andorra (Not a member state of European Union)
  20. Monaco (Not a member state of European Union)
  21. San Marino (Not a member state of European Union)
  22. The Vatican (Not a member state of European Union)
  23. Kosovo (Status of Kosovo as a country is disputed by Serbia and a few other nations; not a member state of European Union)

Member countries of European Union: As on date, there are 27 member countries:
  1. Austria
  2. Belgium
  3. Bulgaria
  4. Cyprus
  5. Czech Republic
  6. Denmark
  7. Estonia
  8. Finland
  9. France
  10. Germany
  11. Greece
  12. Hungary
  13. Ireland
  14. Italy
  15. Latvia
  16. Lithuania
  17. Luxembourg
  18. Malta
  19. Netherlands
  20. Poland
  21. Portugal
  22. Romania
  23. Slovakia
  24. Slovenia
  25. Spain
  26. Sweden
  27. United Kingdom

Headquarters / Seat of European Union: Brussels List of countries: 47 + Iceland = 48. Iceland is closer to North America, but as it is culturally closer to Europe, historians and geographers prefer to count it as a European country. Here is the list of all the 48 countries:
  1. Albania
  2. Andorra
  3. Armenia
  4. Austria
  5. Belarus
  6. Belgium
  7. Bosnia and Herzegovina
  8. Bulgaria
  9. Croatia
  10. Cyprus
  11. Czech Republic
  12. Denmark
  13. Estonia
  14. Finland
  15. France
  16. Georgia
  17. Germany
  18. Greece
  19. Hungary
  20. Iceland
  21. Ireland
  22. Italy
  23. Kosovo
  24. Latvia
  25. Liechtenstein
  26. Lithuania
  27. Luxembourg
  28. Macedonia
  29. Malta
  30. Moldova
  31. Monaco
  32. Montenegro
  33. Netherlands
  34. Norway
  35. Poland
  36. Portugal
  37. Romania
  38. Russia
  39.  San Marino
  40.  Serbia
  41. Slovakia
  42. Slovenia
  43. Spain
  44. Sweden
  45. Switzerland
  46. Ukraine
  47. United Kingdom
  48. Vatican City

Top 10 cities in Europe (by population):
  1. Istanbul
  2. Moscow
  3. London
  4. St Petersburg
  5. Berlin
  6. Madrid
  7. Rome
  8. Kiev
  9. Paris
  10. Bucharest

Last Updated on: September 29, 2016

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