About the Political Map of Europe
The political map of Europe depicts the geographical boundaries of all European countries along with their national capitals as well as other important cities. With country capitals marked in red, the map shows the international borders of all 50 sovereign states and five with limited recognition, which make up Europe. Covering about 2% of the earth’s surface, Europe is the second smallest continent in the world with a total area cover of 3.93 million square miles.
The Cultural, Historical and Political Diversity
Firmly rooted in architecture, art, literature, music and philosophy, the culture of Europe is highly diverse. With more than 790 million people living in Europe, there are eight major groups of people which account for about 65% (465 million) of the European population. These include Russians, Germans, French, British, Italians, Spanish, Ukrainians, and Poles. However, there are hundreds of cultural minorities present in every part of Europe.
Ever since the early stages of modern history, European culture has seen an unprecedented growth and an ever-increasing political and cultural influence. From great prehistoric civilizations like Minoans and Mycenae (2700–1100 BC) to the highly influential modern states like the UK or Germany, every civilization and time period has helped to make the cultural, historical and political diversity of Europe to be among the highest in the world.
With a total population of about 740 million, the continent of Europe covers a total area of 3,930,000 square miles (10,180,000 square kilometers). Russia is the largest country in Europe with a total area of 6,592,800 square miles (17,075,200 square kilometers) . It is also home to the highest point in Europe (Mt. Elbrus, Russia 5,633 meters), the longest river in Europe - the Volga, Russia, 2,294 miles (3,692 kilometers as well as the largest lake in Europe – Ladoga, Russia, 6,834 square miles (17,700 square kilometers).
Vatican City is the smallest country of this continent, with the total area barely close to half a square kilometer. The lowest measurable point on the continent of Europe is the Volga Delta in the Caspian Sea, situated 28 meters below the sea level.
|Area||3,930,000 square miles (10,180,000 square kilometers)|
|Estimated Population||740 million|
|Highest Point||Mt. Elbrus, Russia (5633 meters)|
|Lowest Point||Volga Delta, Caspian Sea (-28.0 meters)|
|Longest River||The Volga - Russia - 2,294 Mi (3,692 kilometers)|
|Largest Lake||Ladoga - Russia - 6,834 mi² (17,700 square kilometers)|
|Largest Country||Russia - 1.54 million square miles (4 million square kilometers) of Russia are in Europe) Ukraine is the largest country entirely in Europe - 233,000 square miles) (603,500 square kilometers)|
|Smallest Country||Vatican City - 0.17 square miles (0.44 square kilometers)|
Each and every country in Europe has a lot to offer. Their geographical and cultural diversity attracts every tourist to visit and admire them. The five most-visited countries are France with 81,411,000 foreign visitors each year, Spain with 56,694,000 foreign visitors each year, Italy with 46,119,000 foreign visitors each year, the United Kingdom with 29,306,000 foreign visitors each year and Germany with 28,374,000 foreign visitors each year.
France, Germany, Italy and the UK are widely known as the 'Big Four' (G4 or EU4) because of their economy. These major European powers were considered to be so after the inter-war period.
Modern Europe has played a pivotal role in how the world perceives arts, literature, science and technology. Home to some of the most influential thinkers and artists of all time, Europe has produced individuals who have consistently triumphed in almost all fields of arts, exploration, and research. Some of them are Christopher Columbus, Galileo, Newton, Einstein. Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, Michelangelo, and so on.
Europe is also the cradle where the age of renaissance, exploration and trade, reformation, mercantilism and colonial expansion and the age of enlightenment came into being and flourished. All of these time periods made the second smallest continent in the world, perhaps the most important.
Its influence and impact, whether positive or negative, grew exponentially. The rise of the industrial revolution was also first seen in Europe, which helped to revolutionize the fields of manufacturing and production, transportation, agriculture and countless others. It also provided the common Europeans a considerable advantage over the rest of the world.
Important Travel Destinations (Things to Do and Places to Visit)
Europe has some of the most alluring and diverse cities in the world. Whether it is sipping French wine while admiring the magnificent Eiffel tower in Paris, enjoying a nice cup of English tea in London, shopping in the overwhelming Grand Bazar in Istanbul or learning about the history of great modern civilizations like the Romans and Greeks, there are countless things to do and places to visit in Europe.
From ancient wonders like Stonehenge in Wiltshire England and the Colosseum in Rome, Italy to modern engineering and technological marvels like Millay Viaduct (Millau, France) or The Venice Tide Barrier Project (Venice, Italy), the continent of Europe is a heaven for travelers and explorers from all over the world.
Here is a list of all the European Countries
Last Updated on: July 03, 2017