Southern Europe Countries
|Country ||Capital ||Area ||Population - 2016|
|Albania||Tirana ||11,100 sq mi (28,748 km2 )||2,886,026 |
|Andorra||Andorra la Vella ||180.55 sq mi (467.63 km2 )||NA|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Sarajevo ||19,767 sq mi (51,197 km2 )||NA|
|Croatia||Zagreb||21,851 sq mi (56,594 km2 )||4,190,669 |
|Gibraltar||Gibraltar ||2.6 sq mi (6.8 km2 )||NA|
|Greece||Athens||50,949 sq mi (131,957 km2 )||10,783,748 |
|Vatican City (city-state)||Holy See||0.17 sq mi (0.44 km2 )||NA|
|Italy||Rome||116,347 sq mi (301,338 km2 )||60,665,551 |
|Malta||Valletta||122 sq mi (316 km2 )||434,403 |
|Montenegro||Podgorica ||5,333 sq mi (13,812 km2 )||622,218 |
|Portugal||Lisbon||35,603 sq mi (92,212 km2 )||10,341,330 |
|San Marino||City of San Marino ||23.6 sq mi (61.2 km2 )||33,005 |
|Serbia||Belgrade ||34,116 sq mi (88,361 km2 )||7,076,372 |
|Slovenia||Ljubljana||7,827 sq mi (20,273 km2 )||2,064,188 |
|Spain||Madrid||195,360 sq mi (505,990 km2 )||46,445,828 |
|Republic of Macedonia||Skopje ||9,928 sq mi (25,713 km2)||NA|
Southern Europe Region
Europe forms one of the seven continents in the world, and is the smallest. It is known for diverse culture, language, and traditions. Whether it is tourism, scenery, history, or just enjoyment, Europe has much to offer.
Southern Europe is made of some small countries and city-states:
Bosnia and Herzegovina
About Countries in Southern Europe
The stated countries can be easily found on the map. These countries may seem a lot in number but they’re all connected to each other from one end to the other, country-to-country.
Here is an easy way to locate the countries of Southern Europe on the map:
Portugal, Andorra, and Gibraltar, can be located on the far-left corner of the European map. Spain shares its border with all three of these countries. Across the Mediterranean Sea lies Italy. With Italy, comes Slovenia, which is followed by Croatia. Croatia, is followed by Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Serbia is followed by Montenegro and Kosovo. Kosovo follows Macedonia, which is further followed by Greece and Albania.
History and Geography of the Southern Europe
The southern portion of the Europe has seen numerous changes during its history. There have been various battles and wars which date back to as early as 27 BC. The famous roman empire, the Greek mythologies, the Spanish rule, the Portuguese expeditions, and empires expanding their rule, all these things have taken place in the region, and still bring influence to the regions rich history.
Geographically, the much of the Southern Europe is connected to the seas and the ocean. The Mediterranean Sea, Atlantic Ocean, Ionic Sea, and the Aegean Sea – all large water bodies are connected to the Southern Europe.
Travel Destinations and Tourist attractions
A lot of tourists are attracted to various parts of the Southern Europe, especially Spain, Portugal, and Italy. Spain holds one of the most beautiful cities in the whole Europe, Barcelona, which is a major tourist attraction all around the world. Italy is famous for the Rome, Venice, Florence, and Vatican City, which is the center of Catholicism around the world. Spain drew a total of 8.9 million tourists in 2015, which is the highest any country has seen in that year. Italy, being the fifth in that category, hosted 5.4 million tourists.
Southern Europe is home to many famous major cities, known around the world. They include; Vatican City, Barcelona, Rome, Valencia, Milan, Madrid, Lisbon, Porto, Naples and others. These cities attract not just visitors from all around the world, but they’re also the major business centers.
People and Culture
Southern Europe comprises many countries, and each nation has a diverse history and culture. A number of languages and dialect are spoken across the region. Some of the larger languages are, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, Albanian, and Bosnian. But the total number is greatly larger.
The country with the highest human development index (HDI) of Southern Europe is of Slovenia, at 0.880, followed by Spain, with an HDI of 0.876, then Italy with 0.875. The highest HDI is in all of Europe is 0.994, and is held by Norway.
The total population of Southern Europe is approximately 164 million people, as estimated according to the 2010 census.
Last Updated on: August 1st, 2017
- The evolution of Roman Empire began from this part of Europe.
- Southern Europe had always attracted the attention of many empires due to its fertile land and seas.