Southern Europe Countries
|Country ||Capital ||Area ||Population - 2016|
|Albania||Tirana ||11,100 sq mi (28,748 km2 )||2,886,026 |
|Andorra||Andorra la Vella ||180.55 sq mi (467.63 km2 )||NA|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Sarajevo ||19,767 sq mi (51,197 km2 )||NA|
|Croatia||Zagreb||21,851 sq mi (56,594 km2 )||4,190,669 |
|Gibraltar||Gibraltar ||2.6 sq mi (6.8 km2 )||NA|
|Greece||Athens||50,949 sq mi (131,957 km2 )||10,783,748 |
|Holy See||Vatican City (city-state) ||0.17 sq mi (0.44 km2 )||NA|
|Italy||Rome||116,347 sq mi (301,338 km2 )||60,665,551 |
|Malta||Valletta||122 sq mi (316 km2 )||434,403 |
|Montenegro||Podgorica ||5,333 sq mi (13,812 km2 )||622,218 |
|Portugal||Lisbon||35,603 sq mi (92,212 km2 )||10,341,330 |
|San Marino||City of San Marino ||23.6 sq mi (61.2 km2 )||33,005 |
|Serbia||Belgrade ||34,116 sq mi (88,361 km2 )||7,076,372 |
|Slovenia||Ljubljana||7,827 sq mi (20,273 km2 )||2,064,188 |
|Spain||Madrid||195,360 sq mi (505,990 km2 )||46,445,828 |
|Republic of Macedonia||Skopje ||9,928 sq mi (25,713 km2)||NA|
Southern Europe Region
Europe forms one of the seven continents in the world and is known for its diverse culture and traditions. Whether it is tourism, scenery, history or just enjoyment, Europe has on offer every possible activity one can think off.
The South of Europe constitutes of a few states; these states include :
Bosnia and Herzegovina
About Countries in Southern Europe
The stated countries can be easily found on the map. These countries may seem a lot in number but they’re all connected to each other from one end to the other, country-to-country.
Here is how these countries can be located on the map :
Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar can be located on the far left corner of the European map. Spain shares its border with all three of these countries. Across the Mediterranean Sea lies Italy. With Italy comes Slovenia, which is followed by Croatia. Croatia is followed by Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Serbia is followed by Montenegro and Kosovo. Kosovo follows Macedonia, which is further followed by Greece and Albania.
History and Geography of the Southern Europe
The southern side of the Europe has seen numerous changes in its entire history. The history of this area can be regarded as following the urge to control more land and people. There have been various battles and wars which date back to as early as 27 BC. The famous roman empire, the Greek mythologies, the Spanish rule, the Portuguese expeditions and the empires expanding their rules, all these things had been in practice in the region and can still be seen breathing the pages of the rich European history.
Geographically, the majority of the Southern Europe is connected to the seas and the ocean. The Mediterranean Sea, Atlantic ocean, Ionic Sea and the Aegean sea – all these massive water beds are connected to the Southern side of the Europe.
Travel Destinations and Tourist attractions
A lot of tourists are attracted to various parts of the Southern Europe, especially Spain, Portugal and Italy. Spain holds one of the most beautiful cities in the whole Europe, Barcelona which is a major tourist attraction all around the world. Italy is famous for the Vatican City, which is the center of all the Catholics around the world. It has been estimated that Spain saw a total of 8.9 million tourists in 2015 which is the highest any country has seen in that year. Italy, being the fifth in that list, hosted around 5.4 million tourists.
Southern Europe holds a lot of major cities which are famous not just in Europe but all around the world. Some of the very important cities include the Vatican City, Barcelona, Rome, Valencia, Milan, Madrid, Naples and so many others. These cities attract not just visitors from all around the world, but they’re also the major business attraction centers for business enthusiasts.
People and Culture
Southern Europe comprises many countries and each nation has a diverse history and set of cultures. A number of languages and dialect are spoken in the region. Languages of southern Europe such as Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, Albanian, Bosnian, etc are different and distinct from each other.
The highest human development index (HDI) of Southern Europe is of Slovenia which is 0.880, followed by Spain which has an HDI of 0.876, followed by Italy with 0.875. The highest HDI is Europe is 0.994, which is held by Norway.
The total population of Southern Europe is around 164 million people, as estimated according to the 2010 census. A lot of countries have smaller population index while many have larger.
- The evolution of Roman Empire began from this part of the area.
- This part of Europe always attracted the attention of many empires due to its fertile land and seas.
- This part of Europe holds a lot of historical importance. A lot of artifacts, as well as many traces of World wars can be traced from these parts.
- A lot of countries and their histories date back to as old as the history counted in BC.
Last Updated on: June 22, 2017