Completed Primary and Caucus of Republican Party
|Feb 1, 2016||Iowa||Caucus||Closed||See Result|
|Feb 9, 2016||New Hampshire||Primary||Mixed||See Result|
|Feb 20, 2016||South Carolina||Primary||Open||See Result|
|Feb 23, 2016||Nevada||Caucus||Closed||See Result|
|Super Tuesday March 1, 2016||Alabama||Primary||Open||See Result|
|Mar 5, 2016||Kansas||Caucus||Closed||See Result|
|Mar 6, 2016||Puerto Rico||Primary||Open||See Result|
|Mar 8, 2016||Hawaii||Caucus||Closed||See Result|
|Mar 10, 2016||Virgin Islands||Caucus||Open||NA|
|Mar 12, 2016||Guam||Territorial convention||Closed||NA|
|Washington, D.C.||Convention||Closed||See Result|
|Mar 15, 2016||Florida||Primary||Closed||See Result|
|North Carolina||Primary||Mixed||See Result|
|Mar 22, 2016||American Samoa||Territorial convention||Open||NA|
|Apr 5, 2016||Wisconsin||Primary||Open||See Result|
|Apr 19, 2016||New York||Primary||Closed||See Result|
|Apr 26, 2016||Connecticut||Primary||Closed||See Result|
|Rhode Island||Primary||Mixed||See Result|
|May 3, 2016||Indiana||Primary||Open||See Result|
|May 10, 2016||Nebraska||Primary||Closed||See Result|
|West Virginia||Primary||Mixed||See Result|
|May 17, 2016||Oregon||Primary||Closed||See Result|
|May 24, 2016||Washington||Primary||Closed||See Result|
|Jun 7, 2016||California||Primary||Closed||See Result|
|New Jersey||Primary||Mixed||See Result|
|New Mexico||Primary||Closed||See Result|
|South Dakota||Primary||Closed||See Result|
Democratic Party Presidential Primary and Caucus Schedule See Results
Completed Primary and Caucus of Democratic Party
|Feb 1, 2016||Iowa||caucus||Semi-open||See Result|
|Feb 9, 2016||New Hampshire||primary||Semi-closed||See Result|
|Feb 20, 2016||Nevada||caucus||Closed||See Result|
|Feb 27, 2016||South Carolina||primary||Open||See Result|
|Mar 1, 2016||Alabama||primary||Open||See Result|
|American Samoa||caucus||Closed||See Result|
|Mar 5, 2016||Louisiana||primary||Closed||See Result|
|Mar 6, 2016||Maine||caucus||Closed||See Result|
|Mar 8, 2016||Mississippi||primary||Open||See Result|
|Mar 12, 2016||Marianas||TBD||TBD||See Result|
|Mar 15, 2016||Florida||primary||Closed||See Result|
|Mar 22, 2016||Arizona||primary||Closed||See Result|
|Mar 26, 2016||Alaska||caucus||Closed||See Result|
|Apr 5, 2016||Wisconsin||primary||Open||See Result|
|Apr 9, 2016||Wyoming||caucus||Closed||See Result|
|Apr 19, 2016||New York||primary||Closed||See Result|
|Apr 26, 2016||Maryland||primary||Closed||See Result|
|Rhode Island||primary||Semi-closed||See Result|
|May 3, 2016||Indiana||primary||Open||See Result|
|May 10, 2016||West Virginia||primary||Semi-closed||See Result|
|May 7, 2016||Guam||caucus||Closed||See Result|
|May 17, 2016||Kentucky||primary||Closed||See Result|
|Jun 4, 2016||Virgin Islands||caucus||Closed||See Result|
|Jun 5, 2016||Puerto Rico||primary||Open||See Result|
|Jun 7, 2016||California||primary||Semi-closed||See Result|
|New Jersey||primary||Semi-closed||See Result|
|New Mexico||primary||Closed||See Result|
|South Dakota||primary||Semi-open||See Result|
|Jun 14, 2016||DC||primary||Closed||See Result|
The two major political parties, the Democratic Party and the Republican Party, officially select their presidential nominees in the months leading up to the presidential election in November. In order to determine which presidential hopeful will become the party’s official nominee, statewide votes take place around the country.
There are two methods of choosing the state’s winning nominee: the primary and the caucus. Each state chooses which system it uses. After the vote, delegates selected from each state attend the party’s national convention, where the party officially chooses its candidate. The national conventions of each major party take place a few months before the presidential election, around August and September.
The primary is the most common system of electing party nominees, and is the most typical kind of election. Voters take their pick of candidates on secret written ballots. They can choose among all registered candidates or write in the name of another person.
There are two main types of primaries: closed and open. In closed primaries elections, voters can only vote in the primary of the party in which they have registered. Voters must be officially registered as a member of the specific political party in order to cast their vote. For example, a registered Republican can only vote in the Republican primary Some states allow voters registered as independents to choose which political party’s primary in which to vote, which is known as a semi-closed primary. An open primary allows any registered voter to choose which primary to vote. Each voter is only allowed to cast one ballot in one primary. Each state determines whether its primary will be closed or open, or semi-closed.
The names on the primary ballots also differ from state to state. Some states use the names of the candidates, while others have the names of delegates for the convention. Both types of ballots accomplish the same thing: choosing delegates to represent the state in the party convention. But delegates can be pledged, or bound, to a specific candidate, or unpledged. Unpledged delegates are uncommitted to any of the candidates.
The caucus differs from the more common polling style of election. Rather than casting an anonymous vote on a ballot, voters in states which have caucuses attend a meeting in their district. Only registered voters of each party are able to vote in the meeting. Some precincts, or election centers, allow observers.
Voters arrive at the caucus and join the group that supports their candidate. Undecided voters group together. Then the floor is opened for speeches and debates, in order to persuade the undecided voters to join one preference group or the other.
At the end of the caucus, the members of each group are counted, and the candidate with the largest group is declared the winner and the party nominee. Some states divide their delegates proportionately, while others use the winner-take-all model. A minimum of 15 percent of the total voters in a precinct is required to remain viable and receive delegates. If a candidate does not receive 15 percent of the precinct voters, those voters might be able to join a different candidate’s preference group. The other option is to remain uncommitted.
An alternate method of running a caucus involves a secret ballot, which is held after the persuasive speeches and debates, much like the other type of caucus. The public declaration of support required by many caucuses has been criticized, as the public pressure can sway voters away from their beliefs.