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Map of Elections in Uzbekistan 2015

Electorial Districts map of Uzbekistan
Description : Map of Uzbekistan with Electoral Districts. Disclaimer

Disclaimer : All efforts have been made to make this image accurate. However Compare Infobase Limited, its directors and employees do not own any responsibility for the correctness or authenticity of the same.

Uzbekistan votes to elect its President on 29th March 2015, as announced by the Central Election Commission of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The official campaigning started on 26th December 2014.

On 21st December 2014, Uzbekistan held its Parliamentary elections to elect members to the Legislative Chamber and the Senate. As per a new law enacted by the Senate on 23 March 2012, it is mandatory to hold the Presidential elections within 90 days of holding the Parliamentary elections. The new law has actually reduced the term of the incumbent President Islam Karimov, as he stands to fight for a fifth term.

Uzbekistan is a democratic, secular, unitary, constitutional republic that comprises 12 provinces, I autonomous republic and 1 independent city. Tashkent is its capital.

The country is located in Central Asia and is landlocked on all sides by Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Afghanistan.

Uzbek is the official language and is spoken by around 85% of the population. Uzbeks comprise around 81% of the population with the rest being a mix of Russian, Tajik, Kazakh, Karakalpak, Tartar and other ethnic groups.

Election History
On 31st August 1991, the Republic of Uzbekistan was declared independent, after being part of the former USSR since 1924. After independence, elections were held to elect the country’s first President and Islam Karimov was elected as its first President, a position he holds till date, after winning four consecutive terms.

The first elections to the Parliament or Supreme Assembly, also known as Oliy Majlis, was held in 1994. Till 2004, the Oliy Majlis was unicameral with 69 members. In a Referendum held in 2002, it was decided to make the Oliy Majlis bicameral and in 2004-05, the Oliy Majlis became bicameral, with Senate representing the Upper House and the Legislative Chamber being the Lower House.

In 2004, members to the Legislative Chamber was increased from 69 to 120. This has further been increased to 150 members. The members in the Senate remain at 100.

The second Parliamentary elections were held in December 2004-Jan 2005. The third Parliamentary elections was held on 27th December 2009 and the fourth and current one, held on 21st December 2014.

Presidential Elections
Incumbent President Islam Karimov has been nominated to stand for elections for an unprecedented fifth term and the Presidential elections are due on 29th March 2015.

The last Presidential election was held on 23rd December 2007 and saw incumbent President Islam Karimov of the Uzbekistan Liberal Democratic Party, re-elected for the fourth term. He drew 90.76% votes and was followed by Asliddin Rustamov of Uzbekistan People’s Democratic Party – 3.27% votes, Dilorom Toshmuhamedova of Justice Social Democratic Party – 3.03% votes, Akmal Saidov – Independent 2.94% votes.

Parliamentary Elections
In 2008, Uzbekistan voted through a referendum to increase Members in the Lower House of the bicameral Parliament or Oliy Majlis, from 120 to 150 members. Of the 150, 135 are voted in through direct voting and 15 seats are reserved for the Ecological Movement Party. The Senate - Upper House, continues to remain with 100 seats. Members to both houses serve a five year term.

On 27th December 2009, Uzbekistan voted to elect its third session of the Oliy Majlis. A total of 517 candidates stood for elections to the 150 seat Legislative Chamber.

Since only 96 members out of 135 seats received the mandatory 50% or more votes, there was a second round of voting held for the remaining 39 electoral districts on 10th January 2010, as no candidate in these 39 districts got more than 50% votes. The second round of voting is held to choose a winning candidate from the two highest vote receiving candidates in the first round. A candidate receiving maximum votes through simple majority in the 2nd round of voting is deemed elected. In order for the second round to be valid, at least 33% of the registered voters must cast their vote.

In the last election in 2009-10, Uzbekistan Liberal Democratic Party won maximum seats with 53 and was followed by Uzbekistan People’s Democratic Party with 32 seats, Uzbekistan National Revival Democratic Party with 31 seats and Justice Social Democratic Party with 19 seats, filling all 135 seats. 15 seats were reserved for the Ecological Movement Party.

Election System
The Central Election Commission is entrusted with holding free and fair elections for Presidential, Parliament and local bodies. There are different qualifying ages for voting rights to elect various categories of candidates.

Presidential election: Any citizen above 35 years of age, having full command of the state language and permanently residing in Uzbekistan for minimum 10 years, is eligible to cast vote.

Election to Oliy Majlis (both houses): Any citizen who is above 25 years of age and permanently residing in Uzbekistan for a minimum 5 years, is eligible to cast vote.

Local Representative Bodies: Any citizen who is above 21 years of age and permanently residing in Uzbekistan for a minimum 5 years, is eligible to cast vote.

Election process
Voting is organized at various electoral districts through polling stations, where voters cast their vote through secret ballot. All voters must be included in the Voters List and the same may be confirmed and verified prior to voting day, at the local election commission office.

Presidential Candidates
President Islam Karimov of Uzbekistan Liberal Democratic Party (UzLiDeP) is the party’s candidate for a fifth term. Hatamjon Ketmanov shall stand from the People’s Democratic Party of Uzbekistan (PDPU), Akmal Kholmatovic shall stand from the Democratic Party of Uzbekistan (DPU), and Nariman Majidovic Umarov shall stand from the Social Democratic Party of Uzbekistan (SDPU).

Last Updated : January 23, 2015

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