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Map of Europe
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About Europe Map - The Map of Europe shows the various countries that are located in the continent. The map depicts the boundaries that separate one nation from the other. Prominent rivers and lakes that are located in the continent are also clearly shown on the map. The map shows the mountain peaks that are located in Europe. The continents that border Europe or are close to it such as Asia, Africa, and North America are also clearly demarcated on the map.
Europe is the second smallest continent in the world. Spanning some 3,930,000 square miles, the continent covers around two percent of the surface of the earth. As of 2015, the population of Europe stood at 740 million, which was around 11 percent of the world population. Europe comprises 50 sovereign states. Countries such as Russia and Turkey have land on both the Asian and the European continents.
History of Europe
Europe was first inspired by the Classical Greek culture of the 8th-century B.C.
It had a powerful influence on the Roman Empire that spread to Northern and Mediterranean Europe. The Romans had a profound impact on the growth of the continent's rich culture and architecture.
After the collapse of the Roman Empire in the west, Byzantine Empire emerged and survived (285-1450) in the east.
In Western Europe, several tribal groups assumed power, giving rise to smaller, faction kingdoms. The geography of Western Europe went through a major change.
The Viking Age continued in Northern Europe from 8th to 13th centuries.
The European colonial period, which spanned from the 16th-to the mid-20th century, saw European powers establishing colonies in Asia, Africa, and the Americas.
The European colonial era came to an end with revolts in Africa, India, and the Middle East.
The two World Wars caused a severe damage to Europe both financially and demographically. Have a look at these maps to know how Europe looked during World War I and World War II.
Two major events in Europe's recent history were the fall of Berlin Wall (1989) and the fall of the Soviet Union (1991).
The second-half of 20th century saw integration of several factions and the establishment of the European Union (EU).
The Ukrainian territory of Crimea, regarded as the common legacy of Russia, was annexed by the Russian Federation on March 18, 2014.
The Central and Eastern Europe experience humid continental climate and cool summers. In Western Europe, summers are mild, but winters are harsh, with snowfall being a commonality.
A continent of great diversity, Europe takes pride in the assimilation of different languages, religions and ethnicity. Most Europeans follow Christianity with Western Europe being dominated by Roman Catholics, northern Europe by Protestants, and the southeastern Europe by Eastern Orthodox. After Russian, German is the second largest language spoken in Europe. The European Union uses 20 official languages.
From Homer to Shakespeare and George Orwell to Virginia Woolf, Europe's legacy of literary affluence has been carried forward by generation of poets, dramatists and novelists. As a continent with an illustrious past, Europe has been the cradle of renowned musicians, filmmakers, painters and architects. Over the last few millennia, the Renaissance, French Revolution and Modernism shaped the political thinking of Europe, brought cultural and social enlightenment and economic advancement.
Art and Architecture
European Art has evolved through a series of eras championing a particular style. Out of all the different art styles that flourished in Europe, Classical, Medieval, Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque and Modern, are most talked and written about.
When it comes to European architecture, we are reminded of the Gothic churches and monuments that are spread across the continent. The bridges in Amsterdam, colossal Greek architecture in Athens, museums in Berlin, and churches in Rome and Paris are appealing to any traveler.
Soccer is the most popular sport across Europe. From the UEFA Champions League to Spanish La Liga, some of the top football clubs around the world compete at these prestigious sporting events. Rugby, Cricket, and Ice hockey are other popular sports that almost every European country plays. Europe has also hosted several summer and winter Olympics events.
Geography of Europe
Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, the Black Sea, the Kuma-Manych Depression, and the Caspian Sea. The eastern boundary of Europe runs along the Ural Mountains. Some of the largest islands and archipelagos of the continent are the British Isles, Iceland, Cyprus, Sardinia, Corsica, and Malta to name a few. The main peninsulas of the continent are Scandinavian, Balkan, Iberian, Jutland, and the Italian peninsulas. Some famous mountains located in Europe are Mont Blanc, Mount Elbrus, Matterhorn, Dolomites, Korab, etc. Major rivers in Europe are Danube, Rhine, Volga River, Elbe, Seine, and others.
Transport and Communication in Europe
Europe was the first continent to have railways and motorways.
Belgium, one of the smallest countries of Europe, has the world's densest rail network.
It is now home to some of the world's busiest ports and airports.
Some of the largest international airports in Europe are Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Istanbul
Atatürk, Frankfurt, and Amsterdam Schiphol.
The TGV in France and the LAV in Spain are some of the high-speed rail networks in Europe.
The Channel Tunnel, which connects the UK with France, Belgium and the entire European rail system, was called one of the seven wonders of the modern world.