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US Presidential Election 2016


Donald Trump Won the Presidency (Road to 270 - 270 of 538 Electoral Votes Needed to Win)









2016 USA Presidential Election



The United States of America will be electing its 45th President on November 8, 2016. Starting from February 1, a series of primaries and caucuses has been held in various states of the country.

A couple of states are yet to hold their primaries and caucuses and the process will go on till July 2016 when the conventions take place.
The primary and caucus are indirect election processes where state delegates of either political party nominate a representative of the party and decide as to who can become the President of the United States.



*Delegates and Super Delegates counts are given only for Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders
#We given Unbound Delegates counts separately only for Donald Trump
Source:http://edition.cnn.com/election

Who can be the President of the United States?



Article II of the US Constitution states that in order to be elected the President of the United States an individual must be:

  • A natural born citizen of the country
  • At least 35 years old
  • A resident of the United States for a period of no less than 14 years
  • The 22nd amendment to the United States Constitution prevents an incumbent President from being elected to a third term.
Also read: Who can be the next President of the United States ?

US Presidential Primaries and Caucuses 2016



What are primaries?

Both caucus and primary allow voters to vote for the candidate or party of their choice in order to elect a Presidential nominee. However, both systems are different from each other.

Primary elections are organized by the state government. Here, the registered voters of a particular state participate to elect the candidate and the voting is done through a secret ballot. Primaries are of two types – closed and open. In a closed primary, the registered voter is eligible to participate in the primary that has been organized by that specific party. In the open primary, the registered voter, regardless of his party membership, can vote in either of the primaries that are organized by the parties.

What are caucuses?

It is the political parties rather than the state that finance a caucus. The parties decide the location, date and time of the meeting when people come to cast their votes. Any voter, who is registered for the party, is eligible to attend. This system does not require a secret ballot as it is transparent. After discussions and debates, which span many hours, people select their nominee by a show of hands.
Also know US Presidential Primaries and Caucuses 2016 results

Republican primaries and caucuses



  • The first Republican primaries and caucuses took place in Iowa on February 1, 2016. Ted Cruz won the caucus. Donald Trump came second.

  • The New Hampshire Primary was held on February 9. Donald Trump won.

  • The South Carolina Primary was held on February 20. Donald Trump won.

  • The Nevada primary was held on February 23. It was won by Donald Trump.

  • The Super Tuesday was held was March 1 and votes were held in 11 states. Donald Trump won in seven states – Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Massachusetts, Tennessee, Vermont and Virginia. Ted Cruz won in three – Alaska, Oklahoma and Texas – while Marco Rubio managed a win only in Minnesota.

  • Between March 5 and March 12, elections were held in 10 states and three territories. Trump bagged victories in Kentucky, Louisiana, Hawaii, Michigan, and Mississippi. Ted Cruz won in Kansas, Maine, Idaho, and Wyoming. Marco Rubio gained victories in Puerto Rico and Washington D.C.

  • March 15 saw Super Tuesday being held in six states. Donald Trump won in Florida, Illinois, Missouri, North Carolina, and N. Mariana Islands, while John Kasich got a lone victory in Ohio. Marco Rubio, who got a drubbing from Donald Trump in his home state of Florida, withdrew from the 2016 US presidential race.

  • On March 22, the Arizona Republican primary was held. It was won by Donald Trump, while Ted Cruz won the Utah primary, which was also held on the same day.

Democratic primaries and caucuses



  • The Democratic Caucuses and primaries got off to a start with the Iowa Caucus held on February 1. Hillary Clinton defeated rival Bernie Sanders by a narrow margin.

  • The New Hampshire primary on February 8 saw Bernie Sanders emerging victorious.

  • Hillary Clinton won both the Nevada and South Carolina primaries held on February 20 and 27 respectively.

  • The Super Tuesday, which was held on March 1, witnessed 11 states and one territory going to the polls. Hillary Clinton won in seven states – Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Massachusetts, Tennessee, Texas and Virginia. She also won the US territory of American Samoa bagging in all eight victories. Bernie Sanders won four states – Colorado, Minnesota, Oklahoma and his home state of Vermont.

  • In the elections held in mid-march and on Super Tuesday 2, Hillary Clinton again put on a stupendous performance by winning in eight, while Bernie Sanders bagged four. Clinton won in Florida, Illinois, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, North Mariana Islands and Ohio. Bernie Sanders bagged victories in Kansas, Maine, Michigan, and Nebraska.

  • Bernie sanders made a dramatic comeback in the elections held in late march bagging victories in five of the six states that went to the polls. Sanders emerged victorious in Alaska, Hawaii, Idaho, Utah, and Washington, while Hillary Clinton could only manage to win Arizona. Bernie Sanders also won Democrats Abroad.

A few states are yet to see primaries and caucuses and the final outcome will only be determined by mid-June.


Significance of US presidential debates



Debates are an important buildup before the US Presidential elections. Mostly organized by news channels and aired nationwide, both Republican and Democratic candidates vying for the president’s posts spar on a number of issues. They help in influencing the opinions of the voters as they get a fair amount of insight into the mindset of the candidate and what laws he or she would pass if elected.

The country also witnesses a presidential debate between the final Democratic and Republican candidates.

2016 US Presidential Debates


The 2016 US Presidential elections witnessed about 12 debates where the candidates argued with each other on wide range of issues pertaining to foreign policy, ISIS, domestic issues, gun control, and immigration among others. The debates were hosted by prominent news channels such as Fox News, CNN, ABC, CBS, NBC, CNBC, and others.

US Presidential Republican debates



  • The first debate was hosted by Fox News Channel, Facebook, and the Ohio Republican Party on August 6, 2015 at the Quicken Loans Arena in Cleveland, Ohio.

  • On September 16, 2015, the second Republican presidential debate was held at the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library in Simi Valley, California. The event was hosted by CNN.

  • On October 28, 2015, the third debate was held at the University of Colorado in Boulder. The debate was sponsored by CNBC.

  • November 10, 2015, witnessed the fourth debate at the Milwaukee Theatre in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The debate was aired on the Fox Business Network and was sponsored by The Wall Street Journal.

  • The fifth debate was held on December 15, 2015, at the Venetian Resort in Las Vegas, Nevada. The debate was broadcast by Salem Radio and was the second debate to air on CNN.

  • The sixth debate was held on January 14, 2016, in the North Charleston Coliseum in North Charleston, South Carolina. The debate was sponsored by Fox Business Network

  • The seventh debate was held in Des Moines, Iowa, on January 28, 2016. It was sponsored by Fox News Channel.

  • The eighth debate was held on February 6, 2016, in New Hampshire. It was organized by ABC News and the Independent Journal Review.

  • The ninth debate was held on February 13 in Greenville, South Carolina. It was organized by CBS News.

  • The tenth debate was held at the University of Houston in Houston. It was broadcast by CNN.

  • The eleventh debate was organized on March 3, 2016, at the Fox Theatre in Detroit, Michigan.

  • The twelfth and final debate was held on March 10 in Florida.


US Democratic Presidential Debates



  • The first Debate was held on October 13, 2015, in Las Vegas, Nevada. The debate was sponsored by CNN and Facebook.

  • The second debate was held on November 14, 2015, in Des Moines, Iowa. It was sponsored by CBS News.

  • The third debate was held on December 19, 2015, in New Hampshire. The debate was hosted by ABC News.

  • The fourth debate was held on January 14, 2016, in Charleston, South Carolina. The debate was sponsored by NBC News, YouTube and Congressional Black Caucus Institute

  • On February 4, 2016, the fifth debate was held in Durham, New Hampshire. The debate was sponsored by MSNBC.

  • On February 11, 2016, the sixth debate was held in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. It was hosted by PBS NewsHour.

  • The seventh debate was held on March 6, 2016, in Flint, Michigan. The debate was sponsored by CNN.

  • The eighth debate was held on March 9, 2016, at Miami, Florida. It was sponsored by Univision, The Washington Post and CNN.

  • April 14, 2016, will witness the ninth debate. It will be held in Brooklyn, New York, and will air on CNN.

  • A tenth debate will also be held but its date and location are yet to be announced.

US Election Process



The United States Presidential Election process uses a form of indirect election as the president is not elected by popular vote and voters do not cast their votes directly for the President. When Americans cast their ballots, they are able to vote for any of the presidential candidates listed on the ticket, or even write in a different name, if they so choose. However, American voters are really choosing between what are called electors and not directly for any of the presidential candidates.

Electoral College in the Constitution



Designated by the U.S. Constitution, the US Electoral College is a compromise between Congress electing the president and a popular vote, as it falls somewhere in between the two. The reason for the somewhat complicated system dates back to the creation of the Constitution. Article II, Section I of the Constitution creates the basis for the electoral system, and designates the number of electoral votes awarded as "equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives" of each state. It also prohibits Senators, Representatives, and anyone holding an "Office of Trust or Profit" from becoming an elector.

The Twelfth Amendment, ratified in 1804, revised Article II, Section I of the Constitution. Electors originally cast two votes for President and the candidate who receives the second highest number of electoral votes would become Vice President. Under the Twelfth Amendment, Electors cast one vote for the presidential candidate, and one vote for the vice presidential candidate.

Electors

Electors are delegates from each state who pledge their vote in the Electoral College based on the popular votes in each district. The number of electoral votes each state has depends on its number of representatives in the House and Senate. Since each state has two Senators and at least one Representative, this means each state (and Washington DC) has a minimum of 3 electoral votes. There are currently a total of 538 electors divided among the states. The winning candidate must receive a majority of the electoral votes (270) in order to win.

Selecting Electors

Electors are chosen by their political parties to represent districts in each state. Political parties normally choose loyal members of their party to act as electors. The electoral votes are administered by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), an independent nonpartisan group.

Though electors are pledged to vote for a particular candidate, it is possible for an elector to vote for someone else, or refuse to vote entirely. They are called "Faithless Electors," and many states have passed laws prohibiting this practice. There have been Faithless Electors in history, though it has never made any real effect on the outcome of the election. Electors have also historically refused to cast their votes as a form of political protest.


Winner-Take-All vs. Proportional Representation



Most states follow a winner-take-all model of distributing electoral votes, meaning the majority winner receives all of the state's electoral votes. Only two states, Maine and Nebraska, split some of their electoral votes according to the votes of each district. In each of these states, two of their electoral votes go to the overall winner, while the remaining votes go to the winner in each district. This system is called proportional representation, or the district-by-district model. Many argue that this system is more accurate and fair than the winner-take-all system.

Declaration of Results


After the electoral votes are decided, the Electoral College cast their votes for president, based on the votes of the public. On the designated date, usually in December following the election, the Electors from each state meet in the state capital to officially declare their votes. Usually, by this time, the public is already aware of the winner of the election. View US Election Results

The Presidential candidate receiving 270 electoral votes or just over half of the total 538 is the winner



If the candidate does not receive a majority, then as per the Twelfth Amendment, the House of Representatives will decide the winner, with each state receiving one vote. This has happened twice in history – in the 1801 election of Thomas Jefferson, and in 1825 for John Quincy Adams's election. Know the name of US Presidential Election Candidates 2016

Who are delegates and super delegates?



Based on the results of the caucuses and primaries, delegates attend the Republican and Democratic national conventions on behalf of the candidates they're pledged to. There are 2,472 Republican delegates and 4,763 Democratic delegates at stake for the 2016 US Presidential elections.

The area where the Democratic process differed from that of the Republicans is the Super Delegates. They form a small fraction of the Democratic delegates. Out of the 4,763 Democratic delegates, only 712 are Super Delegates. Unlike pledged delegates, the super delegates are free to support anyone of their choice. Knoa about Delegates and Superdelegates.

Electing the US President



The Election Day in the United States occurs on Tuesday, which comes after the first Monday in November. This year, Election Day falls on November 8. On this day, the President and the Vice President of the country are elected. know some US Presidential Election Facts
Last Update on : May 16, 2016





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