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Brazil Economy


Brazil is the largest country in South America with the maximum population. Today, Brazil economy is on the rise. Blessed with an abundant natural resources, Brazil has become the most powerful country in South America in economic terms and thus is leading the other countries of South America.
With large and growing Agricultural, mining, manufacturing and service sectors, Brazil economy ranks highest among all the South American countries and it has also acquired a strong position in global economy. As a result of falling real wages during 2001 to 2003 the economy of Brazil grew only 2.2% per year(average).

The country was hit by a number of global and internal economic crises. But Brazil economy did not collapse. The reason behind this is the strong Brazilian economy and the economic policies and programs taken up by President Cardoso and strengthened by President Lula Da Silva.

Brazil's economy has been undergoing a continuous growth and development from 2004 which has led to a rise in employment and real wages. The economic system of Brazil is standing on a floating exchange rate, a regime that is inflation targeting and a compressed fiscal policy.

Brazil had to face a sharp depreciation in the currency which led to a drastic adjustment in current account from 2003 to 2006. This was followed by trade surpluses. Surplus agricultural production also led to an increase in exports.

Economy of Brazil also has weaknesses. These are mostly related to debts. Domestic debts went up from 1994 to 2003. But Brazil controlled this rise in 2006. The president has introduced economic programs to control taxes and increase public investment.

The present GDP is $1.6 trillion and the real growth rate of GDP is 3.7%. rate of unemployment is 9.6% and inflation is 3%.Major industries are textiles, shoes, chemicals, aircraft, steel, motor vehicles, etc. Agricultural products includes coffee, wheat, rice, sugarcane etc.

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