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Maps / South America / History of South America

History of South America





Historic Overview
South America has a long history, dating back to human migration across the Bering Land Bridge. By about 1200 BC hunters traveled from Asia to Alaska, crossing the Bering Strait and drifted gradually south. From 1400 to 1550, the indigenous people of the Inca Empire spread across South America to regions in modern-day Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, Northern Argentina, and Peru.

In 1492, Christopher Columbus discovered the "New World", and the number of Spanish explorers increased between 1496 and 1526. In 1533, the Spanish Army led by Francisco Pizarro had captured much of Inca territory. In the period between 1535 and 1537, Argentina, Peru, and Bolivia were founded, and by the eighteenth century the Spanish colonies in South America started to make a serious bid for independence. While fighting wars against France on the European mainland, Spain began to lose control of its South American colonies, and by the end of the war in 1814, countries like Argentina and Venezuela gained their independence from Spain, and other nations followed suit. In the twentieth century, several South American countries, including Peru and Venezuela, had held elections for the first time after their independence.

Inca Empire
Inca empire is one of the ancient empires that is popular in the world for a number of reasons. Inca empire was a civilization that was incredibly prosperous and still amazes today's world with a number of architectural and cultural wonders that was a part of their colorful civilization. Inca empire or the Inca civilization originated in the South America and more precisely in the country of Peru.

But a number of other South American countries are also the proud possessors of many of the artifacts of this Inca empire.

The Inca empire of the South America was in their zenith during 1200 to 1535 AD. But this civilization could not survive the colonizers, specially the Spaniards and dissipated gradually.

But within the time that may be said to be the pick of this great civilization, Inca empire has already left a number of amazing marks for the world to be amazed with. The Inca empire was a race that was mainly a warrior class of people.

In their society the highest position was of a priest or the army general. The other people had to abide by the social rules and regulations set by them.

In the Inca empire there was a high place of their religion and gods. The highest place of a city or village used to be reserved for the temple.

Moreover, most of the Inca cities and residents were built in hilly area and still boast of amazing architectural progress.

The Inca empire with a number of distinctive features related with every aspects of life, is still a very interesting civilization to know about.

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Bill Spicer Executive VP, MapXL
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