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Maps / South America / History / Guatemala History

Guatemala History





Guatemala History can be divided into three well-defined periods. The first period began with the arrival of the Spaniards. The second period is marked with the conqueror of Guatemala, Pedro de Alvarado.
The third and final part was started on September 15, 1821 with the independence of the nation.

The first part of the Guatemala History is the most interesting one. The Mayan culture that flourished between 2000 B.C and 900 A.D became the subject of many discoveries through the continuous accumulation of information. They developed a Mayan calendar and the numerical system which recorded all the achievements of the Mayans throughout all periods of their rule.

According to the Guatemala's History the second period started in 1524 when Pedro de Alvarado arrived at Guatemala. In July of the same year he founded the capital of the Kingdom of Guatemala in Iximche. In 1527 it was moved to Almolonga from there. Later on in 1543 it was again shifted to Antigua. It was the seat of the government of the Captaincy General of Guatemala. It stretched from Yucatan to Panama.

The major economic activities were agriculture and livestock. The capital of Guatemala enjoyed a good time until it was destroyed in an earthquake in 1773. So it needed to return to its old place Guatemala City.

The third period of the History of Guatemala came with its independence from Spain on September 15, 1821. With other nations of Central America it gained the membership of the United Province of Central America. In 1839 Guatemala seceded from this federation and finally in 1847 it proclaimed a Republic.



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