Nevada lies in the Western, Mountain West, and Southwestern regions of the United States. Nevada is the 7th most extensive and the 35th most populous of the 50 US states. It is officially nicknamed the 'Silver State' due to the importance of mining to its history and economy. The state has 16 counties and one independent city. Carson City is the state capital.
History of Nevada
Nevada was a part of the Spanish Empire. After the Mexican War of Independence in 1821, it became a territory of Mexico. It was ceded to the United States under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848. It was at first part of the Utah territory.
The 1859, Comstock Lode discovery ushered in the era of mining in Nevada. It became a separate territory in 1861. It joined the union as the 36th state on October 31, 1864. As it achieved statehood during the civil war, it is also known as the 'Battle Born State'. Nevada legalized gambling in 1931 and state's economy notably benefited.
A large part of Nevada lies in the Great Basin which is a mild desert. The state has mostly arid topography, though there are many north-south mountain ranges with endorheic valleys in between. Spring Mountain Range is the largest mountain range. Some of the peaks more than 4,000 meters in elevation feature lush forests above desert plains.
The Humboldt River Walker Lake, Pyramid Lake, and Lake Tahoe are major water bodies in the state. Nevada is the mountainous state in the contiguous US. It is also the driest state in the US with average annual rainfall of just 7 inches.
Travel Destinations in Nevada
The state is renowned for its diverse topography and vibrant entertainment scene. Famous for luxury casinos and iconic hotels, Las Vegas is billed as the 'Entertainment Capital of the World'. Non-stop entertaining shows and plenty of hedonistic delights make this city a Disneyland of sorts for adults. The Red Rock Canyon National Conservation Area and Hoover Dam are popular places to visit near Las Vegas.
The Valley of Fire State Park
is Nevada's oldest park and offers endless recreational opportunities.
National Automobile Museum in Reno, Mt. Rose Ski Resort, Lake Mead Recreational Area, and ghost towns like Aurora and Pioche are other popular stops on the tourist trail.
Transportation in Nevada
- By Air - McCarran International Airport (LAS) near downtown Las Vegas is the primary gateway to the state.
- By Train - Amtrak's California Zephyr stops at three stations in the state: Reno, Elko, and Winnemucca.
- By Road - US 6, US 50, US 93, and US 95 are the U.S. Routes serving the state. Interstate 15 passes through the city of Las Vegas.
Education in Nevada
Clark County School District in Nevada is the fifth largest school district by enrollment in the US. University of Nevada in Reno is the oldest University and the only Tier 1 school in Nevada. University of Nevada in Las Vegas and Nevada State College are two other four-year institutions.
Facts about Nevada
Last Updated on: August 25th, 2017
- U.S. Route 50 is known as 'The Loneliest Road in America'.
- Nevada accounts for more than 70% of gold production in the US.
- Nevada is the only state where prostitution is allowed, mostly in isolated rural areas.