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Pakistan Map

Pakistan Map

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Pakistan is divided into 3 major geographic areas northern highlands, Indus plain, and Balochistan Plateau. Pakistan share its land border with India, China, Afghanistan and Iran. Pakistan also share its marine border with Oman.

About Pakistan Map :- The Islamic Republic of Pakistan is one of most influential countries of south-east Asia as also outlined on the Map Of Pakistan. Covering an area of about 307,374 square miles (excluding Pakistan administered Kashmir), Pakistan is the thirty-sixth largest country of the world but ranks sixth in terms of population .

Islamabad is the capital city of Pakistan also shown on the Pakistan Map but Karachi is the largest city in terms of population. Karachi as on the Pakistan Map is the industrial and financial centre and is considered as the cultural, economic, philanthropic, educational, and political hub of the country. Karachi is also Pakistan's most cosmopolitan city. Lahore, Rawalpindi, and Faisalabad and other major cities are also outlined on the Map of Pakistan.

The modern nation of Pakistan evolved in the Indus Valley region, the seat of one of the most ancient civilizations of the world lasting(2,800–1,800 BCE) at Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro and is also located in the area of the Map Of Pakistan. Coming down from a rich cultural past, the foundations of the state were laid on the basis of the religious demographics (that is Islam) of the region. Thus, Pakistan was established in the vision of a 'pure' nation during its independence. Pakistan shares its land boundaries with Afghanistan, Iran, India, and China. Despite a history of political instability and a six-decade long territorial dispute with India, Pakistan has emerged as a dominant political and nuclear force in Asia due to its strategic location. The modern nation of Pakistan evolved in the Indus Valley region, the seat of one of the most ancient civilizations of the world lasting(2,800–1,800 BCE) at Mohenjo-Daro and is also located in the area of the Map Of Pakistan. Coming down from a rich cultural past, the foundations of the state were laid on the basis of the religious demographics (that is Islam) of the region. Thus, Pakistan was established in the vision of a 'pure' nation during its independence. Pakistan shares its land boundaries with Afghanistan, Iran, India, and China. Despite a history of political instability and a six-decade long territorial dispute with India, Pakistan has emerged as a dominant political and nuclear force in Asia due to its strategic location.

History of Pakistan
The earliest settlements in Pakistan date back to about 7000 BC. The Vedic Civilization and the Persian Empire gave way to the Greek settlement by about 327 BC. The rise of Islam around 650 AD was a significant influence in the land. In 711 AD, Muhammad bin Qasim, the Umayyad general, prompted a number of successive Muslim dynasties to build their empires on the land of what is now Pakistan. Soon, in about 1526 AD, the region became a part of Mughal territory. With the fall of the Mughal regency, parts of Pakistan were invaded by the Afghans, and later by the Sikhs. With the fall of the Sikh Empire, much of the land was turned over to the British colonizers. Pakistan, as part of the Indian subcontinent, participated actively in the protest against British colonization and sought independence during its struggle for sovereignty.

In 1947, the withdrawal of British dominion gave way to the establishment of Pakistan which is called the 'partition of the subcontinent' as on 14 August 1947. Sindh, West Punjab, Balochistan, the North-West Frontier Province, and East Bengal were officially integrated into Pakistan's territory of rule. This also brought the dispute with India over Kashmir. The first Indo-Pakistan war was fought between 1947 and 1948.

In 1956, Pakistan became a parliamentary republic but the civilian rule was soon replaced by a military rule following a coup by General Ayub Khan in the history of Pakistan. In 1970, democratic elections were held in the country but civil unrest broke out in East Pakistan the following year. With support from India, East Pakistan gained independence and Bangladesh was established. This was called the Bangladesh Liberation War also known as the Bangladesh War of Independence through which the East Pakistani people liberated themselves from the subjugation of the rule of the west Pakistan.

Civilian rule in the country lasted between 1927 and 1977. Thereafter, General Zia ul Haq took over and the subsequent military government lasted till 1988. Following the general's death, Pakistan has had a chequered political history. In August 1990, Bhutto government (elected in 1988) was dismissed by the then President, and National Assembly dissolved. The same action was repeated by another President in November 1996, and fresh elections were held in February 1997. In 1999, the army under Chief of Staff Parvez Musharraf seized power and arrested PM Nawaz Sharif. Thus, elected governments in Pakistan have always faced political instability and interference from the army. Since August 2018, former cricketer Imran Khan is the Prime Minister of Pakistan, after PM Nawaz Sharif was again forced to step down in July 2017.

Economy of Pakistan
The economy of Pakistan, with a GDP- PPP of US $ 1.195 trillion is ranked twenty-fourth in the world (IMF, 2019). Foreign exchange reserves amount to US $17.4 billion but foreign investments are low, primarily due to security and stability concerns because of internal and external conflicts. Corruption and bureaucracy problems have slowed down the economic growth of Pakistan in recent years. With a labor force of 57.2 million, the country still faces a substantial unemployment problem (5.9%). While textiles, agricultural produce, and leather products form the core of the country's exports, major imports include machinery, petroleum products, and iron and steel.

Cotton, rice, wheat, and sugarcane are the primary crops grown in the territory of Pakistan.

Travel and Tourism
Pakistan has a number of tourist sites rooted in culture and history. Taxila, Lahore, The Karakoram Highway, Karimabad, and Lake Siful Muluk were deemed the Top Five Tourist Destinations of Pakistan, by ' The Guardian' in 2006. Pakistan is home to some of the most stunning natural beauties including the desert region, the K-2 peak: the second highest mountain in the world, and also the Great Indus Valley lie in the region of Pakistan. Besides these, the Swat region, Khyber Pass, and the cities of Rawalpindi, Lahore, Peshawar, and Islamabad are among the preferred tourist destinations of Pakistan. They can be easily located on the Pakistan Map.

Among the notable attractions of Pakistan, the ancient sites of Mohenjo-daro and Harappa attract those interested in the History of Human Civilization; The Lal Suhanra National Park, The Kirthar National Park, the Hingol National Park, and the Hazarganji-Chiltan National Park are the preferred destinations for nature lovers.

Terrorism and political instability have been the chief factors affecting travel and tourism in Pakistan. A lack of robust infrastructure has also been a definitive cause for the plunging tourist figures in Pakistan. The World Economic Forum's Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report 2008 ranked Pakistan at 103 of the 124 nations as travel destinations. But in 2009 Pakistan was ranked among the top twenty-five percent travel destinations of the world. By 2025, the government expects tourism to contribute US $ 7.1 billion to the economy. Also, the Pakistan Tourism Development Corporation pledged to double up efforts to promote the country as an attractive tourist destination.


Culture
The Bronze Age Indus Valley Civilization flourished in the fertile Indus Valley region that is now part of Pakistan. The country boasts of a rich educational legacy with Taxila ; the renowned center of Buddhist and Hindu learning being one of the country's best-known tourist attractions. Throughout history, Pakistan has assimilated the best cultural practices of the Hindus, the Persians, the Greeks, the Sikhs, and the Mughals who reigned over the land of Pakistan.

Pakistani cuisine is well-loved the world over. The subtle use of spices, the bold tastes, the complex cooking styles, the use of a variety of vegetables, and the traditional recipes - Pakistani cuisine has truly come of age. Sport is a 'second' religion in Pakistan. The Pakistani national cricket team won the Cricket World Cup in 1992 and reached the finals in 1999. They also reached the Semi-finals in 1979, 1983, 1987 and 2011. The national sport is hockey and the national team is an exceptionally strong one. Squash is another popular sport in the country.

Pakistan is home to some of the best Islamic, Mughal, Persian, Greek, and Buddhist architectural marvels. The Shalimar Gardens and the Alamgiri Gate of Lahore, the tomb of Shah Rukn-i-Alam in Multan, the Takht-i-Bahi are samples of very advanced architecture that evolved in Pakistan. Much can be said about the rich legacy of music and literature in the country. Urdu, Punjabi, and Persian poetry have thrived here across the centuries.

Questions and Answers Last Updated on: June 12, 2019

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