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Geography of Asia

The estimated area encompassed by Asia is 44,000,000 square kilometers. This makes it the largest continent of the world. Consequently, the geography varies across the continent. On the one hand there are deserts like Gobi in China, and on other, there are towering snow-capped peaks of the Himalayas. Rivers and lakes are also aplenty.

Asia is not sharply divided by Europe. It is only an imaginary line that marks the boundary, connecting the Ural Mountains, Ural River, Caspian Sea, and the Caucasus Mountains.

The most prominent name among the Asian mountain systems is that of the Himalayas. The main range runs for more than 2,400 kilometers, and separates the Tibetan Plateau from the Indian subcontinent. It also has the highest of the mountain peaks in the world: Mount Everest and K2. The mountain range contains as many as 15,000 glaciers and has plenty of freshwater sources.

Other mountain ranges are: Hindu Kush, Caucasus Mountains, Pamir Mountains, and more.

The longest river in Asia is the Yangtze in China. At 6,418 kilometers, this river is the third-longest among world rivers. The river is very important to the culture and economy of China. Another important river is the Yellow River, which is known as the "Cradle of Chinese Civilization".

The Indus, Brahmaputra, and the Ganges are other noteworthy rivers.

The Arabian Desert dominates what is known as the Arabian Peninsula. It is massive and arid, spread over 2,330,000 square kilometers. The chief natural resources present in this desert are oil, sulfur, phosphates, and natural gas.

Another prominent desert is the Gobi Desert, touching parts of China and Mongolia. Unlike the Arabian Desert, it is a cold desert, which means that it often sees snowfall. However, it also exhibits wild fluctuations of temperature, even with a single day.

The Caspian Sea-bounded by Russia, Iran, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, and Kazakhstan-is considered the largest lake in the world. It has no outflows, and covers an area of 371,000 square kilometers.

Other lakes in Asia are: Poyang Lake, Dal Lake, Lake Toba, and others.

Asia Maps
Last Updated on: April 14, 2017

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