Explore this Vietnam map to learn everything you want to know about this country. Learn about Vietnam’s location on the world map, official symbol, seal, flag, geography, climate, postal/area/zip codes, time zones, etc. Check out Vietnam’s history, significant states, provinces/districts, & cities, most popular travel destinations and attractions, the capital city’s location, facts and trivia, Top FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions), and many more.
Vietnam (the Socialist Republic of Vietnam officially) is a country in Southeast Asia. Vietnam is situated at the eastern edge of mainland Southeast Asia. The country covers an area of 311,699 square kilometers (120,348 sq mi). The largest city in Vietnam is Ho Chi Minh City, and the capital city is Hanoi. The eastern part of Vietnam, consisting of over 3000 km of coastline, faces the South China Sea. The literacy rate of Vietnam is at 94% and is one of the highest for a developing country. The country is the largest exporter of cashews in the world and 2nd largest exporter of rice. Official language of Vietnam is Vietnamese.
The flag of Vietnam was designed in 1940 and used during an uprising against the French in southern Vietnam that year. The flag’s design is a large yellow star centered on a red field. The red background of the Vietnamese flag symbolizes revolution and bloodshed. The golden star in the flag represents the five main classes in Vietnamese society: intellectuals, workers, farmers, entrepreneurs, and (Military personnel) and soldiers.
The national emblem of Vietnam is circular and has a red background and a yellow star in the middle, depicting the five main classes in Vietnamese society.
The Vietnam Location Map shows the exact location of Vietnam on the world map. This map depicts the boundaries of this country, neighboring countries, and oceans. Vietnam shares its boundary with China to the north, Cambodia, and Laos to the west. The country shares maritime borders with Thailand through the Gulf of Thailand and Indonesia, the Philippines, and Malaysia through the South China Sea.
Vietnam’s Latitude and Longitude extent are 8. and 24. N Latitude and 102. and 110. E Longitude in Asia. One can check this Latitude and Longitude Map of Vietnam for more information.
The capital city of Vietnam is Hanoi, also spelled Ha Noi city. Hanoi is situated in the northern part of Vietnam on the western bank of the Red River. The city is about 85 miles (140 km) inland from the South China Sea. Hanoi is also a province-level municipality (than pho) administered by the central government. It is one of the most popular and attractive cities in Northern Vietnam. Hanoi is the second-largest city in Vietnam and is about 1,600 km north of Saigon. It is also the center of the Red River Delta.
Vietnam uses only a one-time zone, Indochina Time (ICT). The time zone is seven hours ahead of UTC, that is (UTC+07:00) year around. Vietnam does not observe daylight saving time, and ITC is issued annually. The country shares the same time zone with Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Christmas Island, and Western Indonesia.
The physical map of Vietnam reveals the country’s physical features, including mountain peaks, rivers, and lakes. The country is located on the eastern Indochinese Peninsula and has a north-to-south distance of 1650 km (1,030 mi). The combined length of the country’s land boundaries is 4639 km (2,883 mi), and its coastline is 3,444 km (2140 mi) long. The central Quang Binh Province is the country’s narrowest point; it is just 50 kilometers (31 mi) across, though it widens to around 600 kilometers (370 mi) in the north. Vietnam has an exclusive economic zone of 417,663 km2 (161,261 sq mi). The country has various topographic features ranging from tropical lowlands to hills to densely forested highlands with level land covering no more than 20 % of the area. Vietnam is divided into the following physiographic features:
- Highlands and the Hong River Delta in the north
- The Annamite Range, along with the coastal lowlands in the center
- Mekong Delta in the south
Vietnam’s climatic conditions vary considerably across the country due to differences in latitude and variety in topographical relief. The country has a monsoon-influenced climate typical of mainland Southeast Asia. The climatic conditions vary significantly between regions. The northern areas of the country experience a monsoonal and Warm temperate climate (Cwb) with four distinct seasons, while in southern regions (south of the Hai Van Pass), the climate is tropical monsoon (Aw) with only two seasons (rainy and dry). In mountainous areas of Vietnam (Sa Pa and Da Lat), a temperate climate is there, while continental climates exist in Son La Province and Lai Chau Province.
The history of Vietnam dates back to 111 BC, when China ruled the entire region of the Red River Valley. The rule ended in 938 AD when revolts toppled the Chinese ruling dynasty. Vietnam was divided into two kingdoms in the 17th century, one ruled by the Nguyen dynasty and another by the Tay son.
In 1802, the single kingdom of Vietnam was created as the French-backed Nguyen lord defeated the Tay Son. In 1890, the region became a French protectorate as it was invaded and conquered by France. During world war II, Vietnam was briefly conquered by Japan. Ho Chi Minh (the leader of the Vietnamese Communist Party) declared the country’s independence in 1945.
The First Indochina war happened when France decided to re-invade the country and ended in 1954 when France was defeated. The country then became divided into the communist north and the communist south. In 1957 Vietnam war started as a communist group from the south called the Viet kong emerged. In 1975 war ended, and a single-party socialist republic of Vietnam was formed as the communist overran the south and took Saigon.
Vietnam Major Cities
The Vietnam Cities Map reveals valuable details, including the capital city and administrative divisions. Below are provides the maps of major cities of Vietnam :
Provinces in Vietnam
The country is divided into fifty-eight provinces and five municipalities under the central government’s command. The provinces in Vietnam are divided into provincial cities, towns, and rural districts as the second-tier units. Vietnam Province Map shows all the provinces of Vietnam on the map. The government of Vietnam has grouped the provinces into eight regions which are further grouped into three macro-regions:
- North Vietnam– Northwest Region Map, Northeast Region Map, and Red River Delta Region Map.
- Central Vietnam – South Central Coast, Central Highlands, and North Central
- South Vietnam– Southeast Region Map and Mekong River Region Map.
Vietnam has about 33 Airports, out of which 21 are civil Airports. There are eight international Airports and 13 domestic Airports. The Airports Corporation of Vietnam manages airports in Vietnam. Check Vietnam Airports Map to learn more. The airports in Vietnam are identified by a unique 3-letter code called genocide. The biggest and busiest Airport in Vietnam are:
- Tan Son Nhat Airport (SGN)
- Noi Bai Airport (HAN)
- Da Nang Airport (DAD)
- Cat Bi International Airport
Vietnam Postal Codes
Postal codes in Vietnam consist of five digits (numeric characters); earlier, it was six digits. The first two digits of the Vietnamese postal code identify the province or centrally-run city. The following two digits represent the district or town, and the subsequent digits determine the ward, commune, or town. The final digit determined the specific village, hamlet, or street.
The country is one of the top travel destinations in Southeast Asia. Vietnam has affordable tourist destinations, archaeological sites, historic cities, culture, and beautiful beaches. The country has 32 national parks, 7 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, and 21 national tourist areas. Some of the most popular tourist attractions of Vietnam are:
- Ho Chi Minh City
- Ha Long Bay
- An Bang Beach
- Nha Trang
Top FAQs on Vietnam
Faq #1: How many names are on the Vietnam wall?
Ans: The 200-feet-long Vietnam memorial wall contains more than 58,000 names.
Faq #2: Is Vietnam a democracy?
Ans: The country is a socialist republic with a one-party system led by the communist party of Vietnam (CPV).
Faq #3: When is the Vietnamese new year?
Ans: In 2023, the Vietnamese New year will fall on Sunday, January 22, and is the year of the cat.
Faq #4:Who led U.S. forces in Vietnam?
Ans: President Lyndon Johnson escalated U.S. forces in Vietnam.
Faq #5: When did the Vietnam war start?
And: The Vietnam war started on November 1, 1955.
Faq #6: What timezone is Vietnam?
Ans: Time Zone in Vietnam is the Indochina Time zone that is (GMT+7)
Faq #7: How did the Vietnam War end?
Ans: In 1975, on April 30, NVA tanks rolled through the gate of the Presidential Palace in Saigon, effectively ending the war.
Faq#8: Who was president during the Vietnam war?
Ans: There were four U.S. presidents during the time frame of the Vietnam war. The presidents were Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, and Richard M. Nixon.
Faq#9: Who won the Vietnam war?
Ans: The question has been the subject of debate, and the answer depends on the definition of victory. Vietnam defeated the United States after nearly twenty years of war.
Faq#10: When did the Vietnam war end?
Ans: Vietnam war ended on April 30, 1975.