Explore this Israel map to learn everything you want to know about this country. Learn about Israel’s location on the world map, official symbol, seal, flag, geography, climate, postal/area/zip codes, time zones, etc. Check out Israel’s history, significant states, provinces/districts, & cities, most popular travel destinations and attractions, the capital city’s location, facts and trivia, Top FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions), and many more.
Israel, officially known as the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East located at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea. On May 15, 1948, the country was formed as Jewish State and a democratic republic. The country approximately covers an area of approximately 8,019.3 square miles. The country is the only Jewish majority state in the world, as Jews comprise about 74.8% of the population. The literacy rate of Israel is 97.1 %, and the country ranks number 3 in the globe in terms of the number of University degrees per capita which is 20% of the population. Israel also has the highest life expectancy in the world, which is 82 years old. The Capital of Israel is Jerusalem, and the country’s economic center is Tel Aviv.
The flag of Israel was adopted five months after the establishment of the State of Israel on October 28, 1948. The flag’s design has a blue hexagram on a white background between two horizontal blue stripes. The Israelian flag has a blue Star of David between two horizontal blue lines on a white field. The interpretation of the flag of Israel is as follows:
- The blue color symbolizes God’s Glory, purity, and Gevurah (God’s Severity). The blue stripes are intended to represent the stripes on a tallit, the traditional Jewish prayer shawl.
- The white color represents Chesed (Divine Benevolence)
- The Emblem of Israel is a shield (escutcheon) that contains a menorah in its center, surrounded by two olive branches on both sides of the menorah, and at the bottom, the label “Israel” in Hebrew. The emblem was adopted on February 10, 1949.
Israel Location Map shows the exact location of Israel on the world map. This map shows the boundaries of this country, neighboring countries, and oceans. Israel is located in Western Asia, southeast of the Mediterranean Sea. It shares its border with Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan to the east, the Palestine territories of the Gaza Strip and West Bank to the southwest and east, and Egypt and Aqaba Gulf to the south.
The Latitude and Longitude extent of Israel is 29. and 34. N Latitude and 34. and 36. E Longitude in Asia. One can check this Latitude and Longitude Map of Israel for more information.
The capital city of Israel is Jerusalem. The city is located in Western Asia on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea. It is one of the oldest cities in the world. The city is considered holy for three major Abrahamic religions: Judaism, Islam, and Christianity. Jerusalem City straddles the Green line between Israel and West Bank, with Israelis and Palestinians claiming Jerusalem as their capital. The entire city is controlled by Israel, which maintains its primary governmental institutions there. Palestine Liberation Organization and Palestinian National Authority ultimately foresee Jerusalem as the seat of power for the State of Palestine.
Israel is a tiny country with only a one-time zone, Israel Standard Time (IST). IST is two hours ahead of UTC (coordinated universal time), that is, UTC+2. Israel Standard Time switches to Israel Daylight Time (IDT) changes to Israel Daylight Time (IDT) on the Friday before the last Sunday of March.
The physical map of Israel reveals all the details of the topographic features of Israel. The country is located in the Levant area of the Fertile Crescent region at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea. Israel is a narrow, small, and semi-arid country lying at the junction of Asia, Europe, and Africa. The country is only about 290 miles (470 km) in length and 85 miles (135 km) across at its widest point. The country has a wide variety of topographical features ranging from fertile green valleys to forested highlands, mountainous deserts, coastal plains, the semitropical Jordan Valley, and the Dead Sea. Israel has topographic features ranging from fertile land in the Jezreel Valley to mountain ranges in Galilee to the Negev desert in the south. Mount Meron is the highest point of Israel at 1,208 meters, and the Dead Sea is the lowest point in the country.
The climate of Israel is characterized by hot summers and mild winters. Due to the country’s diverse topography, it has a wide variety of climatic conditions. The northern part of the country has Mediterranean Climate with sea breezes that have a moderating influence in summer. The southern part of the country has an arid climate, with a semi-arid strip in between. Israel has two distinct seasons: dry, hot summer (May to September) and cool, rainy winter (October-April). Average annual temperatures vary throughout the country based on elevation and location.
The history of Israel dates back to the 11th century BC. During this time, the kingdom of Israel is said to have been established. From 1200 to 1000 BC, a population identified themselves as “Israelites,” whose ancestors may have been Semites native to Canaan. In 586 BC, Israel was conquered by king Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon, followed by the Great of Persia in 583 BC.
In 63 BC, Roman Empire arrived and invaded Israel, forcing the Jews to leave the region between 132 to 135 AD, when it was named Palestine. In 635 AD, Arabs came, conquered, and ruled Israel for over a thousand years. The Ottoman Empire Conquered the region in 1516 and remained ruler until the First World War, when the British took over. In 1947 due to the conflicts between Arab and Jews, United Nations divided the region into Arab and Jewish States.
In 1948, on May 14, the “state of Israel” was founded. After Israel’s Independence, the conflict over ownership of the land considered holy by the Jews, Christians, and Muslims have going on for decades, thus resulting in the regional war.
The country is divided into six districts and 15 provinces( sub-districts). Check this Israel Political Map to locate all the districts on the map. The six districts of Israel are:
- Central District
- Jerusalem District
- Northern District
- Haifa District
- Tel Aviv District
- Southern District
- Judea and Samaria Area
Israel Major Cities
Many vital cities in Israel attract thousands of visitors every year. The Israel Cities Map reveals valuable details. Major cities of Israel are:
- Tel Aviv
- Rishon LeZion
- Petah Tikva
There are three International airports in Israel, all managed by the Israel Airports Authority. The Israel Airport Authority manages two other domestic airports, but they don’t have scheduled flights. Other than this, about 14 other airstrips in Israel are mainly used for flight training or privately. The most popular and busiest airports in Israel are:
- The Ben Gurion International Airport
- Ramon International Airport
- Haifa Airport
Israel Postal Codes
Israel uses seven-digit numerical postal codes. Each postal code in Israel corresponds to a mail carrier route, so when the postal code sorts the letters, they are assigned to a specific carrier. Israel post is a government-owned corporation that provides postal services in Israel. Israel post gives the postal codes in the country generally from north to south, with the first two postal code digits being the postcode areas.
One can explore Israeli tourist attractions maps, Israel Road Map, and Israel Rail map for more detailed information on travel options in the country. Tourism is one of the primary sources of national income in the country. Israel is famous for its historical, religious, and archeological sites. The country is known to be the birthplace of Jesus Christ. The country is also renowned for its beach resorts. Some of the most famous tourist attractions in the country are:
Top FAQs on Israel
FAQ #1: How Big is Israel?
Ans: Israel covers a total area of 22,145 sq km (8,630 sq. miles), of which 21,672 km is land Area. The country is some 420 km in length and about 115 km across at the widest point.
Faq #2: What is the capital of Israel?
Ans: The designated capital of Israel is Jerusalem.
Faq #3: How many tribes of Israel?
Ans: There are twelve tribes of Israel.
Faq #4: Who was the first king of Israel?
Ans: Saul was the first king of Israel, according to the Hebrew Bible.
Faq #5: What continent is Israel on?
And: Israel is located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa, but geographically it belongs to the Asian continent and is part of the Middle East region.
Faq #6: What language is spoken in Israel?
Ans: Hebrew is the official language of Israel.
Faq #7: When did Israel become a nation?
Ans: On May 14, 1948, Israel became a nation. On this day, David Ben Gurion, Proclaimed the establishment of the State of Israel.
Faq #8: Does Israel have nuclear weapons?
Ans: The country is estimated to have nuclear stockpiles of approximately 90 warheads.
Faq #9:Is Israel part of Nato?
Ans: Israel is not a part of NATO.
FAQ #10: Is Jerusalem in Israel?
Ans: Jerusalem is a city located in modern-day Israel, and part of it also rests on the Green line.