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Facts about India





Country Name : India

What is the official name of India?
Republic of India

What is the capital of India?
New Delhi

What is the official language of India?
Hindi and English are the official languages of the Republic of India. Article 345 of the Constitution of India, however, allows the states to adopt their own official languages.
At present there are 22 official languages in India, apart from English.

What type of government does India have?
Federal, parliamentary, democratic, constitutional republic.

Who is the President of India?
Pranab Mukherjee (Head of State)

Who is the Prime Minister of India?
Narendra Modi (Head of Government)

Where is India located?
South Asia

When did India gain independence from British colonial rule?
August 15, 1947

When did India become a republic nation?
January 26, 1950

How much area does India cover?
1,269,219 square miles (3,287,263 sq km)

How long is India’s coastline?
4350 miles (7000 kilometers)

Which is the highest point of India?
Kanchenjunga 28,169 feet (8,586 meters)

Which are India’s neighboring countries?
Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Myanmar, Nepal, and Pakistan. India shares maritime boundaries with Maldives and Sri Lanka.

What is the population of India?
1,241,491,960 (2011) – second most populous country in the world

How many states does India have?
28 States and 7 Union Territories

What are the names of the Indian states and their capitals?
StateCapital
Andhra PradeshHyderabad
Arunachal PradeshItanagar
AssamDispur
BiharPatna
ChhattisgarhRaipur
GoaPanaji
GujaratGandhinagar
HaryanaChandigarh
Himachal PradeshShimla
Jammu and KashmirSrinagar
JharkhandRanchi
KarnatakaBengaluru
KeralaThiruvananthapuram
Madhya PradeshBhopal
MaharashtraMumbai
ManipurImphal
MeghalayaShillong
MizoramAizawl
NagalandKohima
OdishaBhubaneswar
PunjabChandigarh
RajasthanJaipur
SikkimGangtok
Tamil NaduChennai
TripuraAgartala
UttarakhandDehradun
Uttar PradeshLucknow
West BengalKolkata

Union TerritoryCapital
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Port Blair
Chandigarh Chandigarh
Dadra and Nagar Haveli Silvassa
Daman and Diu Daman
National Capital Territory of Delhi Delhi
Lakshadweep Kavaratti
Pondicherry Pondicherry

Which are the major cities of India?
New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, and Bengaluru

Which are the major rivers of India?
River Ganga, River Yamuna, River Brahmaputra, River Indus, River Beas, River, Ravi, River Chenab, River Sutlej, River Jhelum River Narmada, River Tapti, River Krishna, River Godavari, River Kaveri.

Which are the major mountain ranges of India?
The Himalayan Range, The Karakoram Range, The Purvanchal, The Vindhya Range, The Satpura Range, The Aravali Range, The Sahyadri Mountains The Eastern Ghats

What currency does India use?
Indian Rupee –INR

What colors does the Indian national flag feature?
The Indian national flag is a rectangular tricolor and has three equal horizontal bands of saffron, white, and green. The Ashoka Chakra in the middle of the flag is a wheel in dark blue and has 24 spokes. Saffron represents valor and sacrifice; white represents peace, purity, and truth; green represents fertility and prosperity. The Ashoka Chakra represents righteousness and progress.

Who wrote the national anthem of India?
Jana Gana Mana (Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people), the national anthem of India was officially adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on January 24, 1950. The anthem was written and the music was composed by Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore.

ASOD~20120821

Last Updated on 07 March 2014

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