Known as the "Tiranga", the national flag of India was adopted on July 22, 1947. The National Flag of India has three equal horizontal stripes. Know about India flag colors and their meaning.

Indian Flag

Blank India Flag

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Designed by a freedom fighter by name of Pingali Venkayya, the national flag of India is a horizontal tricolor featuring three equal horizontal bands of saffron (top), white (middle), and green (bottom). The middle stripe of the flag features the national emblem, that is, a blue spinning wheel, the “Ashoka Chakra “.

The Ashoka Chakra has twenty-four spokes and represents the eternal wheel of progress and righteousness. The wheel is found in Ashoka’s Lion Capital from Sarnath.

The colors used in the flag represent ideals cherished by the constitution of the country. Saffron, the color topmost in the flag represents courage, sacrifice, valor, and the spirit of renunciation. White represents truth, peace, and purity of thought. The green stripe symbolizes culture, fertility, and faith.

The National Flag of India was adopted at the meeting of the Constituent Assembly on July 22, 1947. The constitution of India lays down strict rules and guidelines that need to be followed when using or displaying the flag. The various instructions on the use of the flag are outlined in the Flag Code of India.

The Indian National Flag is a matter of pride for its citizens. The late Prime Minister Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru called the flag a symbol of freedom for the Indians. The colors used in the flag represent the unity and the democratic nature of the country and celebrate secularism. The Indian National Flag is also known as the Tiranga or the Tricolor.

Official Name: Republic of India
Flag Proportion: 2:3
Adopted on: March 7, 1866
Designed by: Pingali Venkayya
Location of India: Located in South Asia; Bordered by Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar
Capital City of India: New Delhi
Major Cities: Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bengaluru
Area: 1,269,219 square miles
Population: 1.38 billion
Currency: Indian Rupee (INR)
Official Language: Hindi, English
National Anthem: Jana Gana Mana
National symbol(s): The Lion Capital of Ashoka, which depicts four Asiatic lions standing back to back mounted on a circular abacus, is the official emblem; Bengal tiger; lotus flower
National colors: Saffron, white, green
National anthem:
Name: “Jana-Gana-Mana” (Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People)
Lyrics/Music: Rabindranath TAGORE

Fact about the India flag

Country India
Designed by Pingali Venkayya
Adopted 22. July 1947
Revision NA
Design and Colors A horizontal triband of India saffron, white, and India green; charged with a navy blue wheel with 24 spokes in the center
Size Ratio 2:3

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