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Bhutan shares borders with China and India, and is separated from Nepal and Bangladesh by a short distance, with India in between.
- Thimphu (capital)
- Samdrup Jongkar
Bhutan is situated in the eastern Himalayas, and features many high peaks with elevations around 7,000 meters (23,000 feet), as well as valleys with rivers flowing through their deep trenches. Many of the highest mountains in Bhutan are glaciated and have cold, harsh conditions. The nation is entirely landlocked, but its rivers are fed by the glaciers, with major systems including Mo Chhu, Drangme Chhu, Torsa, Raidak, Sankosh, and Manas. Forests cover much of the lower mountains, and the Duars in the south are covered in foothills and grassy plains.
Points of Interest
Bhutan features many scenic destinations, including its villages and cities, which are home to Buddhist sites of religious and historical importance. One of these such sites is the Taktsang Monastery. The Buddhist style fortress, known as a dzong, can still be found in several cities in Bhutan, including the country's largest one in Trongsa.
In terms of natural sites, a few national parks top the list for places to visit. Jigme Dorji National Park, Jigme Singye Wangchuck National Park, Royal Manas National Park, and Thrumshingla National Park are good places to experience the natural beauty of Bhutan, including scenic landscapes and native plant and animal species, like the Himalayan black bear and red panda. For more experiences with local wildlife, there are several wildlife reserves around the country, including Bomdeling and Khaling Wildlife Sanctuaries.
Most travelers from outside of Bhutan arrive via Paro Airport, which is the only international airport in the country. Transportation within the country is limited, as there are limited options for domestic airports, though another option is to fly into Bagdogra Airport in the neighboring state of India. Since there is no railway system in Bhutan, tourists can travel by car (with special permits) or by bus, which is one of the best options. Taxis are also available in some areas and even hitchhiking is a frequent occurrence.
Last Updated On : September 26, 2013
NameKingdom of Bhutan
In DzongkhaDruk Yul (Land of the Thunder Dragon)
FormationEarly 17th century
Area14,824 sq miles
Population742,737 (2012 estimate)
Major ReligionsVajrayana Buddhism and Hinduism
Major Ethnic GroupsNgalops, Sharchops and Nepali
Form of GovernmentUnitary Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
KingPresident Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
Prime MinisterTshering Tobgay
GDP (PPP)$4.287 billion 2011 estimate
GDP (PPP) Per Capita6112
Human Development Index Rank141 (2011)