Delhi, the Capital of India, is situated on the banks of river Yamuna in the northern of India. It is the second largest metropolitan city of India with an ever growing population of 13 million at present. It includes 9 districts, 27 tehsils, 59 census towns, 165 villages and 3 legislative towns - Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD), New Delhi Municipal Committee (NDMC) and Delhi Cantonment Board (DCB)
HISTORY OF DELHI :
The history of Delhi , the capital city of many kingdoms of ancient India and the ancient trade route, is supposed to have been born in the 2 nd century BC. It is considered to have been a part of Indraprastha the capital of the Pandav kings from the great Indian epic Mahabharata. A large part of Delhi was established by the Mughals and is now known as Old Delhi . But the establishment of the city is dated even before somewhere around 3 rd century BC. The different dynasties that ruled Delhi in the ancient and medieval period include the Mauryan dynasty, Slave dynasty, Lodhi dynasty and Mughal dynasty.
One of the noted destinations in Northern India, the city is located on the bank of River Yamuna. The city houses three prominent geographical areas i.e. the Gangetic Plains, the ridge as well as the Yamuna flood plains. The latter offers fertile soil which again is considered to be apt for growing agricultural products. But then, the major drawback of these plains is that they are susceptible to repeated floods. With an approximate altitude of 293 m above sea level, the ridge is considered to be the most influential feature in this area.It starts from the Aravalli Hills in the south and engulfs the north-east, west, and north-west regions of the city. The Gangetic Plains are located in towards the city's south and covers most of Delhi.
Delhi has an extreme tropical continental type of climate. Summers are extremely hot and humid while winters are quite cold. The rainy season lasts from June to October though some rainfall is also experienced in the winter.
How to reach (transport) :
Delhi is very well connected to a number of cities in the world as well as to different domestic destinations. The city is served by the Indira Gandhi International Airport which is located to the west of the city. Regular flights are available to a vast number of international destinations, but flights are sometimes disrupted in winter due to excessive fog.
Delhi is well connected to all the major and quite a few minor cities of India via an efficient railway network. The New Delhi Railway station, Old Delhi Railway station and Hazrat Nizamuddin station serve the city while Anand Vihar is another station which is gradually becoming popular.
A vast number of buses connect the city with the rest of India and Nepal and are the major means of transport if you are arriving or travelling to the Himalayas from Delhi. Besides, Delhi Metro is a rapid communication mode serving Delhi and its surrounding areas.
When to visit :
The best time to visit Delhi is from October to March. The weather varies from pleasantly cool to cold and mostly dry and most of the gardens of Delhi are in full bloom during this time.
ATTRACTIONS IN DELHI :
Delhi houses a lot of picturesque historical monuments and buildings built during the ancient medieval and modern times. Today these buildings form national heritage sites of India and have come up as famous tourist destinations. Some of these popular places are :
- Red Fort
- Qutab Minar
- Alai Darwaaza
- Humanyuns tomb
- The Lotus temple
- Jantar Mantar
- India Gate
- The Chhatarpur Temple
- The Mughal Garden
- Lakshami Narayan Temple
- Gurudwara Bangla Sahib
New Delhi, as it is now known, came into existence after India achieved Independence in 1947. Many people from different regions, of different religions came and settled in Delhi giving Delhi a cosmopolitan set up. Delhi being the capital of India accommodates some of the most important buildings and offices of the Indian government. They are :
- The Parliament House
- The Supreme Court
- The Rashtrapati Bhawan
- Foreign Embassies
- UPSC Office
Apart from the historical places Delhi also has many modern commercial joints coming up as tourist hubs. These are :
- The National Museum
- The Railway Museum
- The Garden of seven heavens
- Ansal Plaza
- PVR Cinemas
For Shopping Lovers Delhi offers a wide range of markets at Chandni Chowk, South Ex, Lajpat Nagar and Karol Bagh.
Culture (fairs and festivals) and traditions :
The culture of Delhi is very mixed and the impact of its long and diverse history can be clearly seen. It mixes the typical third world flavor with the facilities of a world class metropolis in its different parts.
The important festivals celebrated here are as follows :
Delhi offers a wide choice in accommodation. Whether you are on a lavish vacationing idea or on a budget tour, the city ensures not to disappoint you. The five star hotels include Imperial, Hyatt Regency, Taj Palace, Taj Mahal, Radisson Blu etc. Four star hotels are Maidens, Manor, Uppal and Park while the 3 star hotels in the city include Ajanta, Gold Palace, Godwin, Bajaj, Shervani, Connought etc. There are two star hotels like Alka Classic and Eurostar. Besides, the city also houses a vast number of guest houses and hostels, which make a good choice for those traveling on a budget.
Last Updated : April 12, 2014